通过一般的评估，可以确定胎儿的生长和健康以及胎盘的位置;患者将获得一个估计的分娩日期，并可能同时监测胎儿的运动。至于产科病史，它对确定潜在的并发症非常有帮助。询问问题的目的是了解患者以前的怀孕情况(Christopher, 2014)。然而，在这种情况下，Jane是一个基本参数。同样，需要填写家族史，以确定简是否携带疾病或她的DNA中有疾病;此外，她需要填写她的病史，以允许访问她以前的药物使用。此外，还将评估她的心理社会史，包括患者的工作状态、收入、生活安排、生活方式等(Lewis, 2016)。没有事先了解历史，就不可能准确地作出任何改进。
Need of care and support can be varied by many factors, such as younger age, language differences, unfit body build and so on. Personal information does not only provide identity, it also facilitates right decision making regarding Jane’s pregnancy. Then, if the patient was brought to the hospital by a presenting complaint, it should be assessed immediately. Specialized assessments may be carried out, questions may be asked to determine: Jane’s presenting problem, referred/self-referred, subjective description of pain, and its levels of severity. When human body is experiencing pain, it increases the stress level and may cause other symptoms like dizziness, nausea, and hypertension. Appropriate managements being carried out on time according to the assessment results can reduce Jane’s risk of developing complication. Next, Jane will also be asked that if she has history of the presenting complaint, and she is strongly encouraged to talk about her concerns. After that, the history of current pregnancy should be examined, this may include: time & method the pregnancy was confirmed, if this is her first pregnancy, and any medical illness during pregnancy.
With general assessments, the fetal growth and health can be determined as well as the placental location; the patient will be given an estimated date of delivery, and fetal movement may be monitored at the same time. As for the obstetric history, it is very helpful for determine potential complications. Questions will be asked for the purpose of learning about patient’s previous pregnancy/pregnancies (Christopher, 2014). However, in this case scenario Jane is a primipara. Similarly, a family history needs to be completed to determine the possibility of Jane carrying diseases or illnesses in her DNA; also, she needs to fill in her medical history to allow accessing of her previous drug uses. Moreover, her psychosocial history will be evaluated, which consists patient’s working status, income, living arrangement, and lifestyles and so on (Lewis, 2016). No improvements can be made accurately without the history taking beforehand.