Crew mentions attractive characteristics of northern cities like Pittsburgh such as modern industrialization, presence of family, and friends and personal freedom which lured flow of African-Americans in 1920s (3). Their migration underlines the motive of African-Americans then “to achieve a better life in a new place, a new region, a new city, or a new neighbourhood and a willingness to uproot themselves in search of that opportunity” (Tolnay, 2).
Strong Ties with Place, Memories and Values
Willie Boy, grandfather of Boy Willie, carved their family tree including his parents and children and various memories of family history on piano. Even after their slavery ended, Berniece and her father, Boy Charles, believed that their family bondage will not finish until they acquire the piano and Boy Charles had to give up his life for it. Berniece often reminisces their mother enjoying the piano until her death (Garrett & Shannon, 53). Berniece’s fondness and attachment is reflected from her association of piano with her father’s life sacrifice and her great grandparents exchange for it. Her strong ties with place and values are observed from her act of not playing the piano to avoid disturbing ancestor’s souls.
Conflict of Cultures and Beliefs
Attempt of rekindling connection with heritage