Human Rights have developed into an extensively acknowledged worldwide standard since the announcement of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in the year 1948. These rights are encoded in regional agreements, United Nations documents and several national constitutions. Even so, human rights violation continues all over the globe as the world still fails to completely abide by the provisions of the Declaration. The world has become more hypocritical even though the international politics stays ultimately dominated by the power relations. Hence, it has been regarded in many studies that human rights are used frequently but are understood very rarely (Fukuda, 2003). Although not in practice, in principle human rights seek to protect the inherent dignity of every individual in all the places and at all times and it is not subject to any kind of political forces.
However, the basic concept of Human rights still stays contested essentially. Hence, it has been seen in studies that there is a huge disagreement as to how to validate supposedly that every individual have rights by virtue of them being humans. It has been argued by Michael Perry that each and every human right claim faces a fundamental challenge which is a demand for reasons. The importance of the theoretically grounding of human rights has been emphasized by most of the liberal and religious philosophers (Osmani, 2000). An anti-foundationalism approach has been taken by the postmodern thinkers; they by means of challenging some of the main elements of human rights like absoluteness and universality undercut the supposedly firm grounds on which the idea of the human rights rests.