另一种相反的观点认为，人类的思想创造了自由意志作为一种幻觉。思想往往会突然出现在人们的脑海中，而控制思想或思想的流动是不可能的。然而，这是错误的。当可以区分好与坏时，就可以区分决策。不是每个人都对做坏事感兴趣。每个人都可以自由地选择他们想做什么。世界上有好人和坏人(Klemm, 2010)。相反的论点是一个证据，证明惩罚不存在或不应该存在，但在现实中，它们确实存在。保护社会不受危险情况的影响是至关重要的，因此，自由意志所采取的行动的程度是受到控制的。虽然决定论指出，只选择一个事件过程是可能的，但在任何时间点都有可能偏离所选择的事件过程。因此，它是不相容的。正如哲学家阿瑟•叔本华(Arthur Schopenhaur)所言，一个人可以随心所欲地意愿一件事。神经哲学进一步表明，人类的神经方面的功能是自由的，没有硬性的规则。这一系列的动作都是在没有干扰的情况下进行的。
It is quite clear that the scientists have not identified a good independent measure of brain function to monitor the choices and decisions and this is the reason why their conclusion is different from the reality that is stated in this paper. It is a request to find out quality and reliable markers of conscious tools for decision making so that scientists can understand that free will does exist and it is controlled by actions, too. There is a difference in the functionalities happening between conscious and subconscious minds as they tend to interact and discharge responsibilities. In that case, new learning has shown that the free will is accepted by conscious mind and that the subconscious mind does not intervene in actions showing free will. For any brain activities or decisions made, we are responsible. People are free to choose any kind of event and misfortunate events are totally because of wrong choices. As free will is permitted, people tend to take wrong choices. Some people state that one cannot control their subconscious minds and hence, free will is an illusion (Debate, n.d). This thought is wrong. It is not mandatory for everyone to understand how the internal brain functions. In turn, one can keep an eye on actions performed by them. The activities across different levels of minds will happen automatically and display reflex in the body. It is evident upon close inspection.
Another counter argument says that the human mind has created free will as an illusion (Debate, n.d). Thoughts tend to pop into the minds of people and that it is impossible to control the thoughts or the way they flow. However, this is wrong. When it is possible to differentiate between good and bad, it is possible to differentiate decision. Not everyone would be interested to do evil actions. Every person is freely able to choose what they want to do. Good and bad people exist in the world (Klemm, 2010). The counter argument is an evidence that the punishment does not exist or should not exist but in reality, they do exist. It is essential to protect the society from situations of risk and hence, the level of actions performed by free will are controlled. While determinism states that it is possible to choose only one course of events, there is a possibility for deviation from the chosen course of events at any points of time. Hence, it is incompatible. As Arthur Schopenhaur (a philosopher) states, one can intend to will only one thing freely. The neurophilosophy has further shown that the neurological aspect of human beings function freely with no hard and fast rules. The series of actions take place with no interferences.