The writers that were involved in the movement and with the New Youth used every day vernaculars in their writing (“Lu Xun “). This form of writing was to open up reading options to many who were only used to traditional styles of writing which were not that friendly or enlightening to the everyman (Schwartz).
‘Diary of a Madman’ or the ‘A Madman’s Diary’ was published in the ‘New Youth’ journal in the year 1918. Its author Lu Xun was just as much an active element of the movement as were his writings. The writings of the May fourth authors were similar in the attitude enhancements they brought into contemporary society. They even found inspiration in other’s works. For instance Lu Xun’s diary of a Madman is written under the influence of Gogol. Here the same title and style of writing has been adopted. A narrator style written in the first person runs through the greater part of the story. The ending voice to save the children is also in the same voice of Gogol. Lu Xun was educated in Japan and his ideals to educate his land are relevant in the ‘Diary’. Lu Xun the pseudonym of Zhou Shuren is hailed as the commander of his nation’s cultural revolution. A student of medicine he later devoted himself to studying literature. His writing in the early 1920s did not adapt the radical style portrayed by many of his contemporaries and neither did it use sensitized descriptions like that of traditional literature. His style of writing employed an analogy style with exaggerated character descriptions (“Lu Xun: China’s Greatest Modern Writer”).