卡尔•马克思(Karl Marx)指出，就业和让人们在单一学科中工作的概念，会导致个性的丧失。每个人都用工作来表达自己的个性。这种过程的同质化导致人们无法表达自己的天赋，成为单一职业的典范。这些工作观念导致了人与人之间社会关系的丧失。有一种成为体制一部分的感觉，人们被迫成为社会的一员。精神上的概念和生活中较小的幸福在这个过程中变得机械化，导致人们失去自我价值感和个性，以适应范式(McLellan, 1980)。这些反过来又导致人民的异化。在这个机械化的世界里，人们开始感到孤独。
Karl Marx states that the notion of employment and making people work in a single discipline leads to loss of individuality. Each individual uses work as an expression to elucidate the individuality of the person. This homogenization of the process leads to people not to express their innate talent and become a paradigm for a single occupation. These notions of work leads to the loss of the social relationship between the people. There is a sense of becoming a part of the system and the people are forced to become a person of the society. The notions of spiritually and the smaller happiness of living life becomes mechanized in the process and leads to the people to lose their sense of self-worth and individuality to fit into the paradigms (McLellan, 1980). These in turn leads to alienation of the people. People start to feel alone in the mechanized world.
Hegel states that the distinction between the essence of life and existence becomes obscured. The people start to lose their individuality in these processes. Marx also bolsters these accounts. There is negation of happiness and the loss of identity in the process of employment. People are coerced by the society directly or indirectly to behave in a certain manner that is construed to be acceptable. These leads to the development of mechanization of the process and the loss of self-worth. Marx further states that the people become a part of a system with no real human spirit. All these would lead to a colossal failure of productivity and the development of human spirit, freedom would be stunted. Hence Marx states that the capitalistic system of work and division of labor leads people to face issues that cost their emotional wellbeing.