A person who exhibits exceptional amount of intellectual ability is often referred to as a genius. There is no scientific definition of a genius. It is an attribute of a human being. It is believed that genius have extraordinary ability in at least one of the following fields, which are bodily kinesthetic, personal, musical, spatial, logical-mathematical or linguistics. Genius is an attribute on which an individual needs to work really hard. Professor Michael Howe is of the view that geniuses are special because of their long-term commitment. Being born with a high level IQ does not always term an individual as a genius. It requires constant toiling and sharpening of the skill which one possesses. There are a number of theories suggesting that genius is born while other theories are of the view that genius is neither born nor made (Sadideen et al, 2013),
According to Francis Galton’s Hereditary Genius, hereditary influence on outstanding achievements is quite evident and the same influence is not found in general population. According to the philosopher David Hume, a person with genius intellect is often perceived as a person who has not connection with the society. According to philosopher Immanuel Kant, genius is an ability of an individual to understand concepts without being taught by somebody else. There is little number of people who are born genius. Hence they are often not considered to be the part of a society. They are treated differently and often considered to be individuals who are at some other intellectual level (Fromm, 2011).
It is also believed that genes play a vital role in determining one’s intelligence and talents. Leonardo da Vinci, Mozart, Tolstoy, Darwin, Newton, Einstein and the like are considered as genius in their respective fields. These were the people responsible for the change in the manner the humanity perceived the world. Each of the people had a quality which was considered as being genius by the contemporary society. These people had developed those skills or the qualities on their own. They could identify the spark within themselves (Shenk, 2011).