The complete control of Southern government rested in the hands of democrat conservative whites who kept restrictions on spending the money which was assigned for the development of African Americans. Then came a time when they fought back The NAACP and also the colored planters worked in the direction so as to bring equality in South. For this there were some representatives from black house and senate from the South. These are the minor steps which were taken to balance the steps by democrats against black people.
There were lots of policies which were there in order to dampen the voting of African American like Disfranchisement Poll taxes, learning test and the clauses like that of grandfather clause.
The race relation labors were not allowed to join the labor unions and also they cannot take up any of the white-collar jobs. Racial Violence lynching and race riots were prevalent.
There were court decisions taken in order to produce distinct but equal facility, this decision was known as Plessy V Ferguson. There was another decision under the act of Civil Rights 1875 which focused on avoiding and discrimination at open places, but the Jim Crow laws of South said that the Civil Right Act of 1875 is of no use and in another case Cumming and Richmond Board of Education were in contradiction of Plessy by keeping uneven schools for black students.
Booker T Washington who believed that African Americans were superior and hence he gave his complete support to the blacks and also he was in favor and hence cheered separation on the criteria of races. Another person called as Du Bois looked for a way which can be more practical; he preferred a political stand taken against the Democrats of the South.