According to Breton this was the purest and most elegant form of writing. Breton has explained it as “A monologue uttered as rapidly as possible on which no judgments are passed by the subject’s critical facilities.”
Reflecting the dreams in writing showcased the creativity of conscious and unconscious minds and rationalism could only destroy the real meaning of it. Thus this form of Surrealism became an intention to convert the free thought into writing without spoiling it with anything. In the year 1924 Breton and group of people who had interest in automatic writing came together and started working on Surrealist writing. In the same year Andre wrote the Surrealist Manifesto in order to project the thoughts and aspirations o the newly formed group of thinkers.
Their aim was to “express pure thought, freed of all controls imposed by reason and by moral and social prejudices.”. In the manifesto Breton stated about Surrealism as “pure psychic automatism” to express “true function of thought.”. This art form of unconscious mind had never been done before, but the surrealist believed that their art will replace all the other conscious art forms.
Surrealism in Visual Arts
The problem that prevailed was that how to attain automatism in the paintings and visual arts? At the time of Breton’s first manifesto, he believed that this is not practically impossible. The paintings are very time consuming and thus could not be made automotive. The paintings could not be made so fast that the unconscious thoughts can be painted on canvas. Joan Miro came up as the first surreal artist whose work was appreciated by Breton.