In simple words, it can be stated that the power culture that Apple was able to develop in the previous leadership era had a number of disadvantages. These included creativity and initiatives of employees being under-utilized, high degree of risk related to decision making process and no criticism from lower management risk being faced by decisions of the leader. However, it can be stated that the organization might face serious consequences as the leadership and business skills of the new leader might not be adequate enough to handle these consequences.
In this report, role of external change consultant within an organization will be discussed. Further ahead, forces that drive cultural change will be identified and discussed. Problems will also be discussed that the organization might face for the achievement of their goals. Recommendations shall also be provided with respect to implementation of change related to relevant theories of change management.
Forces driving relevant Change
Organizational change takes place as a response to a changing environment or as a reaction towards a current situation of crisis. Specific evidence can be obtained when organizational changes occur due to change in executive power. The factors that influence effectiveness of organization are widespread (Ackerman 2001). Other key elements include incentive systems and structure. Development of appropriate approaches also cannot be done for its preservation, transformation, and analysis. These include certain factors in relation with changes in external environment and factors that are capable enough to improve the effectiveness of internal management. All organizations must be aware of reasons to change, internal condition, and external environment that help in deciding which factors should be changed. The most known target of organizational change involves strategy, structure, culture, vision, system, leadership style, and producing technology.
Culture refers to norms, basic assumptions, and collective value of members (George & Jones 2007). The change includes alteration of content of these basic assumptions and collective value. Basically, change in explicit culture can be easily managed in comparison with implicit culture. On the other hand, leadership is an influential force within an organization. Change in style of leadership influences the interaction of its employees and the group dynamic.