美国革命（1763 – 1783年）：1763年巴黎和约在七年之后正式结束，英国北美殖民者对他们的未来充满了希望。由于法国，西班牙和英国在17世纪后期发生的一系列战争，平民的生活受到了彻底的破坏。当英国国旗在北美许多地方飞行时，殖民者盼望着一个不间断的和平，扩张和繁荣的时代。英国人为自己的胜利而感到骄傲，他们自己的身份是“自由的英国人”，他们从未在乎革命，独立和未来二十年可能发生的事情，而且可能是另一场战争。
American Revolution and the Civil War and Reconstruction
American Revolution (1763-1783): In 1763 after the Peace of Paris formally ended after a period of seven years the British Colonist of North America filled with great hopes for their future. Due to series of wars between France, Spain and Britain in late 17th century the lives of civilians were completely disrupted. The colonist looked forward for a time of uninterrupted peace, expansion and prosperity when the British flag flew in many parts of North America. British people were very proud of their victory and with their own identities as “free Britons” they never cared for what could happen in the next two decades in terms of revolution, independence and may be another war.
Civil war and Reconstruction (1861-1877):
Causes and Consequences of the American Revolution and the Civil War and Reconstruction:
These military forces were necessary for occupying and conquering the South where the strategic flexibility of Union commanders was restricted. Lastly the benefits of operating in sympathetic and supportive territory were enjoyed by the armies of South.
Till 1860 the differences between the people of north and south became so deep that they started thinking that they belong to two different countries. In the Civil War conflicts the number of Americans who lost their lives was more than any other conflict in the history of America. The efforts of the African American for safeguarding their rights did not diminish due to unfulfilled promises done by government for Reconstruction. Continuous protests of Black men and women and the white allies for agitating change increased their voices with demands for justice against racial discrimination continued in the Black press. This led to the formation of organizations for the protection of civil rights at local and national level that also included the Niagara Movement of 1905. The military forces were necessary for occupying and conquering the South where the strategic flexibility of Union commanders was restricted. Lastly the benefits of operating in sympathetic and supportive territory were enjoyed by the armies of South.