Thigpen(2007)首先向读者介绍了为什么户外游戏是幼儿所必需的。孩子在托儿所花费了大量的时间,导致他们在较小的时间从事户外,身体上的刺激。成人的监督结构为年幼的孩子在这些天关心儿童和其他创建一个久坐不动的生活方式。此处给出的证据是在理论研究的形式由摩尔和中远和馅饼et al(2004)。前在卡罗莱纳儿童保健中心进行的研究支持Thigpen的观点,孩子们花较少的时间在户外玩,而脑袋et al(2004)的研究表明,儿童不接受推荐的户外活动。
Thigpen (2007) first introduces the reader to why outdoor play is necessary for young children. Children spend much of their time in daycare which results in them having lesser time to engage in outdoor, physically stimulating play. The adult supervised structured play for young children in these day cares and others creates a sedentary lifestyle in children. The evidence given here is in the form of the theoretical studies conducted by Moore and Cosco and Pate et al (2004). The former study conducted in Carolina child care centres supports Thigpen’s argument that children spend lesser time in outdoor play while Pate et al (2004) study shows that young children are not receiving recommended outdoor activity as a result.
Thigpen’s argument that outdoor play environment should be able to accommodate the needs of young children is justified in how little current day cares are able to provide play areas for the children. Also current literature shows that there are very limited guidelines available for caregivers and parents with respect to the play area considerations. Also to accommodate Thigpen’s recommendations for play in the form of short tunnels, rocking toys, peek-a-book places etc it is necessary that the built environment is planned in advance. An example built environment of the Natural Learning Initiative of the North Carolina State University involves community partnerships, student’s parents and more. This is an example to show that planning the built of the outdoor environment is important.
Thigpen has given both theoretical, real time studies and more as evidence to support arguments.