In the history of creative writing, writers often use examples of animals to depict various aspects of human lives. Animals exhibit many attributes that are comparable with human beings, like animals have their own cultures. For instance, goats and sheep travel, eat and live in a group life, lion is said to be the king of jungle. Animals have many properties, like smelling, running, intelligence that are similar in man. Such as, dogs are good at smelling, horse is good at running, fox is considered as a clever animal and so on. Animals have got their own thinking patterns, lifestyles and emotions. Sometimes these attributes are used as an aide by writers to put forward the idea of an essay or story. Here two such stories are compared, which are, ‘The Death of the Moth’ by Virginia Woolf (1942) and ‘The Brown Wasps’ by Loren Eiseley (1971).
In ‘The Death of the Moth’ Virginia Woolf presented an autobiography in which she is a narrator herself. The idea of life and death are depicted with the help of a moth in correspondence with the natural idea of death and life. While in Loren Eiseley’s essay ‘The Brown Wasps,’ the story covers the idea of memory, importance of places, and life and death. The whole essay of Woolf revolves around a moth. The struggles of moth throughout his life are shown till his desperate death. Virginia showed pity for this small creature and his efforts to live. Woolf presented a moth whose life is bounded in a windowpane. All he can do is to fly from one side to another side bounded by wooden frame holding a glass. The moth keeps this movement continued until Woolf noticed the moth being static. She tried to help the moth to get in right position but moth was so close to death that he could not survive anymore. In the essay ‘The Brown Wasps’, Loren depicted his idea using different creatures’ examples. He showed his ideas using three anecdotes. First anecdote is related to a wasp whose habit is to revisit his hive. Loren also possessed this quality as in the story Loren visited the old house where there was once a tree who was planted by him and his father when he was a child. The second and third anecdotes are related to mouse and pigeon. Mouse and pigeon also showed a strong memory and addiction to their places. They are resistant to change.