世界系统理论是由伊曼纽尔·沃勒斯坦在20世纪70年代初发展起来的，他强调了这一理论对于衡量社会发展更加准确和富有成效的方法的重要性。根据这个理论，资本主义国家能够主导和传播工业化浪潮，并利用它自己的优势，在一定程度上利用周边国家和半周边国家。欧洲人一直在采用核心国家标签的前沿，使用其固有的军事力量优势，远距离贸易，将它们带到遥远的地方，交通运输帮助他们在欧洲积累了大量财富[Frank Lechner，Globalization Theories（ 2001）http://sociology.emory.edu/faculty/globalization/theories01.html]。这有助于欧洲超越其他小国，以支配比其他小国更受青睐的条款。因此，它今天的核心国家已经设法利用最少的外围国家的优势，获得资本，技术和劳动力增强的资本主义国家标签。
World systems are a phenomenon which focuses and analyses the division of labour into three different types of countries. The core countries would have the dominant position in capital and labour making them the most preferred destination economically. Then comes the semi peripheral countries which are dependent on the core countries for requirement of capital to sustain their economy. Finally there is peripheral countries which are most exploited by the core countries for labour, natural resources, and offsetting environmental problems. The explanation of the world systems by differentiating three types of countries is capable of giving a glimpse into the evident disparities among the residents of these countries in terms of wealth and power. This paper is an attempt to emphasize on the persuasive capabilities of the world-systems and its analysis providing enough evidence to stake claim on the disparity that is existing in the global political economy. In addition, the paper will also look into the criticism of the world-systems and also provide materials that prove its validity.
World Systems Analysis
The theory of World-Systems was developed by Immanuel Wallerstein in the early 1970’s who emphasized the importance of this theory to be a more accurate and fruitful method to measure social development. According to this theory, capitalist countries has been able to dominate and spread the industrialization wave and used it to their own advantage to make use of peripheral countries to a large extent and semi peripheral ones to some extent. Europeans have been at the forefront in adopting the core country tag by using its inherent advantages of military power, long distance trade which took them to distant locations, and availability of transportation helped them to accumulate much wealth in Europe[ Frank Lechner, Globalisation Theories (2001) http://sociology.emory.edu/faculty/globalization/theories01.html]. This helped Europe to overpower other small countries by ways of dictating terms which favoured them more than the others. Thus the core country that it is today, has managed to exploit the best of few peripheral countries to its advantage and gain a capitalist country tag with enhance capital, technology, and labour.