麦迪逊的论文联邦党人10号是历史上意义重大,因为麦迪逊后来继续强调的问题引起国家间的争端的解释基本人权(在奴隶制问题上)和欧盟之间的关系和权力上的联盟决定的问题(美国内战)。同样重要的是，麦迪逊对美利坚共和国的想法最终在内战中赢得了联邦军队的胜利，而美利坚合众国在200年的时间里并没有受到任何国家的侵略。(1998年)《华盛顿的燃烧》，白宫历史第1 – 6页。
Madison’s paper The Federalist No. 10 is historically significant because the problems highlighted by Madison would later go on to cause a dispute between states over the interpretation of basic human rights (on the issue of slavery) and that of the relation between the Union and the Confederacy on the authority to decide the issues (The American Civil War). It is also significant that Madison’s idea of a united republic eventually gained ground with the triumph of the Union forces in the civil war, and the United States of America has not been invaded by any nation in 200 years[ Pitch, A. S., (1998), “The Burning of Washington”, White House History pp.1-6].
Madison had remarked that large republics facilitated the prevention of vested interests from taking over the order of the Union, a sentiment that is often reflected in the State of the Union address, in which the President of the United States of America addresses the nation not only regarding the visions and achievements of the Union government, but also outlines the international affair policies, reaffirming the strength of the Union in giving its citizens the sovereignty that was the base of their struggle for freedom from colonial interests. Madison argued, that in a large republic such as the one visualized by the Federalists, “you take in a greater variety of . . . interests; you make it less probable that a majority . . . will have a common motive to invade the rights of other citizens . . . .”
Madison’s visions that an absolute majority is detrimental to the interests of the nation were further founded in the stagnation of the Civil War when President Lincoln abolished slavery. In this case, the Union advocated abolishment, while the Confederacy (also called the anti-Federalists) resolved to maintain the status quo. Madison’s statement that in a large republic, the special interests tend to eventually balance one another out is not how the Civil War culminated, according to historians well-versed in Federalist studies.