免費 論文 翻譯：義務論
道德倫理要求註冊護士檢查所做的決定是對還是錯。作為衛生保健機構的註冊護士，有必要展示高道德標準(Henningfeld, 2011)。這裡的道德標準需要知情同意，遵守規則，與患者討論，但這些都沒有執行，註冊護士違反了規則，決定將Elsie送往醫院，這實際上惡化了她的健康狀況(Kamp, 2012)。在護理人員的案例中，義務論對所涉及的行為道德提出了質疑。護士一叫來救護車，立即把她送到醫院，醫護人員就出現了。儘管有一名患者要求醫護人員改變決定，但醫護人員表現出道德水平低下的情況下，他們最不願意去了解患者的情況(Kamp, 2012)。最終，醫護人員沒有遵守規定，並對她的死亡負責。這種攻擊行為在衛生保健專業人員是真正禁止和不值得讚賞的。患者的尊嚴可以與自由意志主義理論相聯繫，該理論認為患者擁有完全自主決策和個人判斷的權利(Vallentyne, 2011)。只有當患者自願與團隊合作時，才能進行進一步的治療。這也意味著病人有選擇是否接受進一步治療的自由。適用於病人的美德包括正義、責任、和平、容忍和合作。
免費 論文 翻譯：義務論
Virtue ethics demands the RN to check whether the decision taken is right or wrong. As a RN of a health care facility, it is essential to display high moral standards (Henningfeld, 2011). The moral standards here subject to informed consent, adherence to rule, discussion with the patient, but none of these were performed and the RN has breached the rule and decided to transport Elsie to hospital which actually worsened her health condition (Kamp, 2012). In the case of paramedics, the deontology theory comes into picture where it questions on the morality of action involved. The paramedics had come into picture as soon as RN had called the ambulance to immediately transfer her to the hospital. In spite of a patient requesting the paramedics with a change in decision, paramedics showed poor morality are least bothered to understand what the patient is put into (Kamp, 2012). Eventually, it is the paramedics who did not abide by the rule and is responsible for her loss. This act of assault in a health care professional is truly prohibited and not appreciable.The dignity of the patient can be associated with the theory of libertarianism which states that the patient has complete right to take autonomous decisions and individual judgment (Vallentyne, 2011). Further treatment should happen only when the patient voluntarily associates with the team. This also pronounces freedom of choice of the patient whether or not to be treated further. The virtues that are applicable for the patient include justice, responsibility, peace, tolerance and cooperation.