彈性被定義為任何系統適應變化並以一致的方式繼續發展的能力。因此，它是任何事物為了利用包括金融危機或氣候變化在內的衝擊和擾動，以幫助發展創新思維而擁有的實際能力(Houston, 2013)。社會生態彈性是指個體或生態系統應對外部壓力和乾擾的能力(Graham, 2015)。這種干擾是由於社會或環境的變化。自然災害導致了環境的變化。對於那些一切都依賴環境的群體或社區來說，社會和生態恢復力之間有著明顯的聯繫。因此，可以認為，為了描述一些群體的社會和經濟狀況，彈性是非常有用的特徵(Heynen et al.， 2000)。
人類的看法也對社會經濟的複原力產生影響。人類認為環境是可以輕易改變的，是不可預測的。格陵蘭冰原的融化是社會生態思維和人類感知的一個例子，目前格陵蘭冰原的融化已經接近臨界點。當地球變暖時，就會有冰的融化(Hoffman & Haxby, 2000)。這使得土地暴露在陽光下後會留下越來越多的水。這些表面進一步吸收了太陽的大部分熱量。這可以進一步導致過程，這是自我強制的，因為在加速融化的雪和冰(米勒，2010)。人們擔心冰蓋可能會超過海平面。
Resilience is defined as the capacity of any system to live up to the change and continue to have a development in a consistent manner. Thus it is the actual capacity which is possessed by anything for the purpose of using the shocks and the disturbance which include a financial crises or changes in the climate in order to helps in the development of the innovative thinking (Houston, 2013). Socio ecological resilience is determined as the capacity which the individual or the ecology has in order to cope up with the external stress and the disturbance (Graham, 2015). This disturbance is because of the social or environmental change. The environmental change is there because of the natural disasters. There is a clear link between the social and the ecological resilience for those groups or the communities who is dependent on the environment for everything. Thus it can be considered that the resilience is the very useful characteristic for the purpose of giving the description related to the social and economic situation of some of the groups (Heynen et al., 2000).
The human perceptions also have an impact on the socio-economic resilience. The humans have the perception that the environment can be changed easily and it is unpredictable. One of the examples of the socio ecological thinking and the human perception is melting of the Greenland ice sheet which has been approaching the threshold at present. When the planet warms, there is the melting of the ice (Hoffman & Haxby, 2000). This leaves more and more water after exposing of the land to the sun. These kinds of surface further absorbs most of the heat of the sun. This can further lead to the process which is self-enforced because of the acceleration in the melting of the snow and the ice (Miller, 2010). There are fears that the icecaps can move ahead of the sea level.