A speech act can be considered to be a functional unit in communication. It is the actions that is undertaken by the speaker after uttering a specific word. In this context, within the English language there are two kinds of directive. They are direct and police version. People invariable try to be polite and this to maintain their overall amiability of the situation. This is based on the felicity conditions of a situation. In many situations the actual words spoken by the speaker and the intention intended by the speaker are not the same. They are found to vary based on the social context of the events. There are many hidden modalities that have been observed in this analysis. Speakers’ intent may be sarcastic or they may hide what the true intentions are with their words (Müller, 2000). Some people use the words guardedly or diplomatically and hence never really express what they truly feel in a conversation. They essentially put on a speech act to the people around them.
Directive aspect of speech is intended by one speaker to the other in order to make the other person halt a particular action they have been doing. The notion of the person speaking is to make the other person stop their action and heed to their words. It has been found that each cultural interpretation of an event is based on the social appropriateness. People tend to focus on any one aspect of their speech in order to ensure that they are polite. Performances which are under this context meet the primary requirements of the felicity conditions. It was found that in this context the individuals with opposing views tended to develop directive speech patterns.
Representative aspect of a speech is considered to be the act of informing another person about a fact. This was implicitly observed when the people started to agree on the talking points with each other. In commisive speech conditions is when the speaker wants to commit towards something. They essentially state how their actions will be in the future. It is a promise of undertaking a certain task. Expressive speech condition is to express the emotion of the speaker. They can express emotions about a particular context. This could be the act of expressing gratitude or thanking another person for a particular aspect. Declaration aspect of the speech conditions explains or divulges in detail about what the person declares. This could similar to the judge declaring or rendering a particular judgment. Speech act strategy is a strategy that is based on the age, social status, social distance and the culture of a person. It is not limited to any one variable. It is based on a multitude of analysis that is a combination of personal ideals, requirement or the context of the situation and the ideals of the culture. This is affected in the way in which a person communicates with the other.
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