Gender relation was supposed to be structure in the traditional times. Man was the breadwinner and maintains the control on family and other members in society. Woman takes the responsibility to maintain the household and care for the family member. Their roles and activities had greater changes in the traditional days. Applying these traditional concepts to the troubled marriage between Esther and Stan, it is seen that he confines himself to the gender roles as per traditional ideologies.
He controls/ dominates his wife and does not get pleased. He remains in his world without being questioned by others. However, Esther belongs to a wealthy family and finds that this marriage arrangement can become interesting as days pass by. However, she only realized its bitterness when the gender stereotyping went to its abnormal stage. She tried all possible ways to nurture him and handle his friends and neighbours to please him. Unfortunately, she was left to stay at home all the time.
She did not find the marriage interesting anymore. She desperately wants some help and is emotionally down. From her family background, it is evident that she is a woman with modern ideas. She believes that both the genders have equal rights and opportunities. She is thoughtful and makes herself comfortable, but is exposed to domestic abuse (Harrower, 2014). It is mainly because of the gender differences.
She wants to be treated fairly with proper respect and wants a better life with independence similar to his life. That did not happen. She could not gain control over the family and she has to be flexible every time. On the other hand, Stan did not want to be flexible or please her. He is clear on his path. This is the most unfortunate aspect in the story that shows the differences in gender roles in traditional and modern times. This ends up in a troubled life and they take different decisions out of disinterest.