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代写留学生论文:政府干预货币市场

代写留学生论文:政府干预货币市场

政府干预货币市场的一个实际例子是2008年上半年金融市场崩溃后美国政府进行的量化宽松(QE)。受次贷危机的严重打击,经济遭受重创。对货物的需求放缓,对借款人的信任度缺乏资金和信誉。这对整体经济具有传染性,由于最终消费者手中的信贷缺乏,商品和服务的需求急剧下降,导致资产价格崩溃(Filippo Cesarano,1994)。另一方面,由于价格下降和需求下降,制成品面临双重打击。这导致工厂关闭,商店关闭,从而增加了经济的失业率。经济中较高的失业率转化为货物和服务需求的进一步下降。因此,抑制资产价格快速下滑,防止经济陷入萧条,变得至关重要。需求增加,金融稳定,信贷充足和解决流动性问题也是需要立即采取行动和关注的重大问题(Dionisis Philippas,Costas Siriopoulos,2014)。
政府债券购买计划保证了经济的资本可用性。导致资产价格逐步回升,市场参与情绪提升,经济需求进一步提振。由于人口购买力的增加,商品和服务需求的增长使制造业的情绪复苏(Russell W. Belk,2000)。制造商也因为销售价格上涨而获得回报,他们可以通过销售他们的产品来收取回报。政府干预幅度的大小,可以从失业率下降,产能增加,经济增长速度提高来看。除了要求经济复苏外,市场情绪也大大改善,鼓励企业蓬勃发展(Filippo Cesarano,1999)。

代写留学生论文:政府干预货币市场

One real life example of government intervention in the money market is Quantitative Easing (QE) conducted by U.S. government after the financial market meltdown in first half of 2008. The economy was hit badly after it suffered a serious blow on account of sub-prime crisis. Demand for goods was slowing down and there was lack of capital as well credibility on trust worthiness of the borrower. This has a contagious effect on the overall economy and due to lack of credit availability in the hands of end-consumers, demand for goods and services declined dramatically which led to a collapse in the prices of assets (Filippo Cesarano, 1994). On the other hand, manufactures faced a double whammy on account of falling prices and declining demand. This led to factories getting shut down, shops getting closed which in turn increased unemployment level in the economy. Higher unemployment level in the economy translated to a further decrease in demand of goods and services. Thus, it became paramount to put a brake on the fast declining prices of assets in order to prevent the economy from falling into depression. Increase in demand, financial stability, availability of ample credit and solving liquidity issues were also areas of major concern which needed immediate action and attention (Dionisis Philippas, Costas Siriopoulos, 2014).
Bond purchases programs by the government ensured capital availability in the economy. This led to a gradual recovery of the assets prices which improved market participant sentiments and further boosted demand in the economy. Due to increase in purchasing power of the population, manufactures sentiment revived as there was an uptick in the demand of goods and services (Russell W. Belk, 2000). Manufactures also gained on grounds of increased selling prices which they could charge in return for sale of their goods manufactured. The effect of magnitude of such intervention by the government can be drawn from the decrease in unemployment levels, increase in production capacity and increase in GDP growth rate of the economy. In addition to demand revival in the economy, market sentiment improved dramatically and encouraged business to flourish (Filippo Cesarano, 1999).

代写留学生论文:一个不断变化的世界里管理

代写留学生论文:一个不断变化的世界里管理

在当今充满活力的企业世界中,企业需要不断地改变环境的动态变化。为了获得最大的利益,这些变化是非常重要的,要计划,当需要时。管理组织变革被定义为在业务中所需的变化的帮助下,计划和实施的程序,在这样的方式,一方面,它可以减少从员工和成本的冲突,对公司和其他它可以获得最佳的公司。为了保持在市场中的竞争优势,企业必须按要求进行定期的时间间隔的变化(卡明斯和沃利,2014)。同样,企业的变化也必然会发生同样的原因。因此,在下面的报告中,将详细讨论这些变化背后的原因或原因。业务的变化对公司的利益相关者产生了积极的影响和消极的影响。该报告将包括。
企业面对的后果,如果他们不改变所需的时间,并有许多挑战与组织的变化。在报告中,所有这些主题将被覆盖,以便它给出了一个完整的概述,对任何给定的业务管理组织的变化。

代写留学生论文:一个不断变化的世界里管理

In today’s dynamic corporate world, business changes are required to keep up with the dynamics of the environment. In order to gain the maximum benefits out of these changes it is very important to plan them as and when required. Managing organizational changes is defined as the procedure with the help of which the required changes in the business are planned and implemented in such a way that on one hand it could lessen the confrontation from the employees and cost to the company and on the other it could gain the best for the company. In order to maintain the competitive edge in the market, the businesses have to undergo changes on regular intervals of time as per the requirements (Cummings & Worley, 2014). Similarly there are many reasons due to which the changes in business are bound to happen. So in the report below, there will be detailed discussion on the reasons or the causes behind these changes. The changes in a business cause a lot of positive as well as negative impact on the stakeholders of the company. The report will cover that too.
The businesses face consequences if they fail to change in required time and there are many challenges associated with the organizational changes. In the report all these topics will be covered so that it gives a complete overview of managing the organizational changes for any given business.

代写留学生论文:主张军事干预:必要性有多强?

代写留学生论文:主张军事干预:必要性有多强?

叙利亚的争论有不同的观点。例如,英国广播公司(2013)提出的论点,所谓的化学武器攻击对叙利亚是导致美国军事反应。在这里,军事进攻可以得到道义和人道主义的支持。国际人权律师罗伯森-杰弗里-英国国际人权律师事务所说,“安全理事会的决议”从未有过任何需要(英国广播公司,2013)。这是在联合国决议通过帮助叙利亚。罗伯森说,在联合国决议发生之前,曾经有过采取行动打击海盗和奴隶制的时代,在这些情况下,不需要联合国决议。他清楚地指出,当世界禁止化学武器的时候,在世界的某些部分实际上使用化学武器时,它不应该是不活跃的。但同时罗伯森也认为,刑事归责在任何形式的行动是对他们采取了极为必要的。这里的人的罪责已经被证明是叙利亚。他说,有可能是政治和道德的因素,必须加以分析。在这些参数中,有两种观点的本身,都是观点支持军事行动,但是在一个它被认为是支持军事行动的背景下非常强烈的人道主义事业使得它必须不等待。在其他形式中,作者提出了一种更为谨慎的观点。在这里,作者指出,在对另一方采取军事行动时,有任何国家必须确保其充分了解国家罪行。

代写留学生论文:主张军事干预:必要性有多强?

There are different perspectives on the Syrian argument. BBC (2013) for instance presents the argument that the alleged chemical weapons attack against Syria is what led to the US military response. Here the military attack can be supported on moral and humanitarian grounds. Geoffrey Robertson QC, an international human rights lawyer states that “There has never been any need for a Security Council resolution” (BBC, 2013). This comes in the wake of the UN resolution that has been passed for helping Syria. Robertson states that before the UN resolution happenings there have been times when action has been taken against piracy and slavery and an UN resolution was not needed in those cases. He states clearly that when the world bans chemical weapons, it should not in any way be inactive when some part of the world is actually using chemical weapons against them. However at the same time Robertson also asserts that it is extremely necessary that the culpability of the criminal be established before any form of action is taken against them. Here the people whose culpability has to be proved are that of the Syrian State. He asserts that there could be political and moral elements that have to be analyzed. In these arguments that are presented there are two perspectives by itself, both are perspectives supporting military action, however in one it is seen that the context for military action is supported very strongly as the humanitarian cause makes it necessary to not wait. In the other form the author has presented a more caution oriented perspective. Here the author states that there any state when entering into military action against another has to ensure that it is fully aware of the nations crime.

代写留学生论文:罗马文明——创始人和其影响

代写留学生论文:罗马文明——创始人和其影响

罗马的历史

罗马被认为是最古老的城市之一,有几个考古强调对其形成。有几个文件有关罗马的基础和与之关联的一些神话的形成主要是基于维吉尔的作品或李维。然而罗马的起源仍然是一个谜,目前只有基于几个事实,小说和其他一些有根据的猜测。罗马被认为是公元前1500年左右,主要是由拉丁人,sabine(Mommsen,页152)。

成立的历史

然而,有两位国王罗莫路和勒莫被认为是罗马的创始人。也推测,两兄弟之间的争吵,Remus死亡,罗穆卢斯成为罗马的新城市的无冕之王。还有其他传说也声称,这座城市曾随以尼雅命名罗马连同其他特洛伊战争的幸存者,在短时间内解决银行的台伯河的河流,但后来她拒绝了去与他人,特洛伊的女性幸存者和罗马城市的形成(Fornara,页23)。

代写留学生论文:罗马文明——创始人和其影响

Roman History
Rome is considered to be one of the most ancient cities and have several archaeological highlights about its formation. There are several documentations pertaining to the foundation of Rome and several myths associated with it regarding the formation which is mainly based on the works of Virgil or Livy. However the origination of Rome is still a mystery which is presently only based on few facts, fiction and several other educated guesses. Rome is considered to be founded around 1500 BC which was mainly by the Latins and the Sabines (Mommsen, pp. 152).
Founding History

However, there were two kings Romulus and Remus who are considered to be founders of Rome. It is also speculated that with the quarrel between the two brothers, Remus died and Romulus became the undisputed king of the new city of Rome. There are other legends also which claim that the city was named after Roma who travelled with Aeneas along with other survivors of the war of Troy and settled for a short time on the bank of Tiber River, but then she refused to go with others and led the women of the Trojan survivors and formed the city of Rome (Fornara, pp. 23).

代写留学生论文:增长的税收改革,股权和收入

代写留学生论文:增长的税收改革,股权和收入

整体当我们看看美国的经济条件可以感觉到或者可以理解,美国正面临一些严峻的挑战的财政赤字。一些改进的税收政策可以帮助他们解决这些挑战。任何税收改革可以评估基于三个标准是效率,产生收入和股票。

如果我们看看作者想说的是关于税收改革,很明显他们建议新税,可以包括在美国经济,我觉得这些选项肯定会帮助美国经济,因为其中大部分已经测试方法。这些税收改革可以执行系统中没有太多的问题。例如,如果我们谈论的是增值税,众所周知,增值税已经实现全球大约150个国家没有太多问题,它已经产生了大量的收入对美国经济可能会相当有用。本文给出数字也表明根据增值税的优势,如果美国增加了5%的增值税在所有服务和产品就筹集了3550亿美元(盖尔&布朗,2013)。这些数字表明,在美国需要和利益的增值税。

代写留学生论文:增长的税收改革,股权和收入

Overall when we look into economic condition of the US we can feel or can understand that the US is facing some of the tough challenges for fiscal deficits. Some improvements in the taxation policy can help them to address these challenges. Any tax reform can be evaluated based upon three criteria which is its efficiency, revenue it generates and the equity.
If we look what the authors are trying to say about the tax reforms, it is quite evident they are suggesting new taxes that can be included in the US economy; I feel these options will certainly help the US economy, because most of these are already tested methods. These tax reforms can be enforced in the system without much problem. For example, if we talk about the VAT, it is known that VAT has already been implemented in around 150 countries worldwide without much problem and it has been generating a significant amount of revenue which could be quite useful for the US economy. As given in the article numbers also suggests the advantage of VAT according to which if the US would have added 5% VAT on all services and goods it would have raised $355 Billion (Gale & Brown, 2013). These number themselves suggests the need and benefit of VAT in the US.