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代写论文:论文写作前提准备

代写论文:论文写作前提准备

很多留学生觉得论文很难写,那只是你没有找对方法。首先,你得做好论文写作的前提准备。那么,这些准备包括哪些方面呢,我们来给大家讲解一下。

(一)课题方向选择

1.学生应选择他感兴趣的课题,只是在其中能有所收获的课题;论文撰写也能为学生提供探索新领域的机会;

2.有一定的目的和用途,如增长研究者本人在某一方面的知识,(熟悉的或不熟悉的但研究者有兴趣);

3.方向的选择是至关重要的。

(二)缩小课题范围

1.大的范围一经确定,这个范围必须加以缩小,否则就不能对它进行深入、彻底的研究; 2.作这项工作之前,有几个需要考虑的因素,准备时间,图书资料利用范围及读者,由以上几个因素来大致决定论文的范围。

(三)利用图书馆

1.了解可以利用的图书馆的规模、类型、藏书量及你所研究方向的藏书量。;

2.熟悉、利用一些资料

1)卡片目录:目录的分类方法,可仔细研究一、两张卡片,熟悉上面的各种符号;

2)一般索引:能从中查出期刊目录,分类论文题目、作者等,草料较新,代表了该项目的最新研究成果;

3)参考书:熟悉其分类标准

4)保留图书:(基藏书库)

5)对资料的评价:学生可根据下面几项作出一般的可信程度判断: ①著者:专业方面的名气、资历

②出版者:大、小, 专业与否,名气大小,声誉;

③出版日期:出版日期距今越近,其内容就越新;注意区分第几次印刷,第几版和修订版的区别;

④期刊:什么样的期刊,权威性如何,几流杂志,该期刊的读者对象是谁?

⑤内容:翻看一下序言、前言、索引、脚注、参考文献、附录等,这些可以提供一些关于该书可靠性的线索;选一页读一下书的内容,看作者的观点是否客观,是否带有情感的成分,是否为其观点和论点提出事实论据,并且是否提供互相参照的其他著作;口气是否不偏不倚,是分析说明,还是冷嘲热讽,前言所述与书的要旨是否相符;

⑥其他资料:与研究者本人联系,与掌握某一问题的第一手资料的人联系,信函来往。

(四)记笔记

正确的研究和记笔记的步骤,始于陈述主题和草拟纲要。

陈述主题:在浏览过程中,在为准备参考文献目录而核对资料阿訇,在与知道教师讨论课。

以上是美国高阶论文AdvancedThesis网对美国论文写作前提准备的介绍。如果你觉得本文还不够详尽,可以再看看本站其它相关文章,或许对你有用。另外,如果需要美国代写论文,就点击上方栏目列表,各种服务等着你,客服24小时在线,欢迎咨询!

代写论文-行为金融学

代写论文 行为金融学

根据文献,市场的过度和反应是基于投资者的心理原因。这一反应被发现是投资者保守主义的结果。这是基于事实,因为投资者对先前信息的反应与目前的信息不同,因为他们认为股票将会像以前一样发挥作用。

代写论文 行为金融学

研究发现,代表性偏差是行为金融学中导致过度反应的基本人类行为之一。这是作为投资者在最近的信息相信相同的业绩将会继续在未来和过高估计安全,并与失望导致的平衡。这种公开的、受人的反应,导致股市泡沫的出现、增长和破灭。

代写论文 行为金融学

According to the literature, the over and under reaction of the market is based on the psychological reasons of investors. The under reaction is found to be the result of conservatism from the investors. This is based on fact as the reaction of the investors on previous information is different than the present information as they believe the stock will function as it performed previously.

代写论文 行为金融学

It is found that the representatives bias is one of the essential human behaviours as per the behavioural finance that results in overreaction. This is performed as the investor with recent information believes the same performance will continue in future and overestimates the security and meets with the disappointment resulted by the equilibrium. This overt and under reaction, results in the stock market bubble to emerge, grow and burst.

美国代写论文:人力资源开发

美国代写论文:人力资源开发

与酒店业人力资源开发有关的一个重要问题是聘请长期雇员。如果以合适的方式开发员工,则可以保留更长的时间。要适应组织文化中的员工,就要面对挑战,因为他们应该知道事情应该如何完成。这主要通过建立对公司有利的强大的外部和内部关系来完成(Timo&Davidson,2005)。这证实了他们对员工的满意感,因为这有助于组织的个人发展。在招待行业内的一些雇主被视为进行离职面谈。然而,不幸的是,当进行退出面试时,采取明确行动并挽救组织的员工为时已为时过晚。因此,在揭露组织中主要不满的人面临的主要困难。

美国代写论文:人力资源开发
随着全球劳动力市场的升温以及发现新的就业机会,保留有价值的员工已经开始成为一个非常关键的挑战(Bauer,2004)。在没有优秀员工的情况下,酒店业的任何组织都无法有效地为客人服务,因此创造利润变得非常困难。尽管招待业的许多高管都强调招聘和留任,但为了保留组织中的人力资源,士气是众所周知的重大问题。低水平的士气导致对服务标准产生重大影响,可能导致组织在酒店行业的声誉和善意,并最终导致业务受到侵蚀。各企业对企业士气低落的原因可能会有很多不同,一些顶级违规者被称为缺乏培训,技能,员工,压力以及有限的奖励(Bauer,2004)。

美国代写论文:人力资源开发

One significant issue with respect to development of HR in hospitality industry is to engage the long tenured employees. Employees can be retained for a longer duration if they are developed in an appropriate manner. Challenge is faced in acclimating the employees in the culture of the organization as they should know how things are supposed to be done. This is mostly done by the establishment of strong external and internal relationships that are beneficial for the company (Timo & Davidson, 2005). This confirms their sense of satisfaction amongst the employees as this helps in the personal development of the organization. A number of employers within the industry of hospitality are seen conducting exit interviews. However, it is unfortunate that when exit interviews are conducted, it is mostly too late for taking definitive action and saving the employee for the organization. Thus, the main difficulty is faced in uncovering the main dissatisfied people in the organization.

美国代写论文:人力资源开发
With the heating up of labour market all across the globe, and the discovery of new job opportunities, retention of valuable employees has started to become an extremely crucial challenge (Bauer, 2004). In the absence of good employees, any organization in the hospitality industry will fail in serving the guests in an effective manner, and thus, generation of profits become extremely difficult. While a number of executives across the industry of hospitality lay emphasis over recruitment and retention, in order to retain human resource in the organization, morale is known to be a major issue. Low level of morale results in having a major impact over the standards of service that can result in tarnishing the reputation and goodwill of the organization in hospitality industry and eventually results in eroding the business. There can be a number of variations in the reasons behind low morale as per business to business, a number of top offenders are known to lack training, skills, staff members, stress as well as limited rewards (Bauer, 2004).

美国代写论文:员工管理变革

美国代写论文:员工管理变革

Q.3。你对这个改变的回应是什么?为什么?
答。我对这个变化的回应如下:
我的方法合理化了!
我了解了公司在市场中的地位,以及如何利用新的方法进行。
最重要的是,我保持完整的耐心和信任
我以这种方式行事,因为作为一名管理者,我有责任鼓励员工,使他们能够按照组织的要求和要求来执行和改进。
同事的回应:
他有一个情绪挫折。
他已经根据目前的情况发展了自己的能力,他很难改变自己的方法,接受新的政策。
但Mayer的能力和专业知识获得了员工的信任,使我的同事认识到变革是更好的。

美国代写论文:员工管理变革
Q.4。这个改变是否成功实施了?你评估成功或其他方面的原因是什么?
答。这个变化是否成功实施?
稍有抵触后,变化被接受
•公司在公司内部投入了大量精力,员工们对自己的工作非常兴奋。
2013年,Mayer实施了560项以员工为导向的举措,并为员工引入了新的方案设计,以提高士气。
她对自己的员工非常了解,并确保他们的幸福感保持不变,他们应该感到重视。
需要评估成功:
为什么我觉得这个信任建立很重要,因为作为一个管理者,我一直在努力让员工满意,从而达到组织目标。
同事的回应:
不是,这一变化一开始就不被他接受,但是当情况好转,新领导人梅耶尔采取了一些连贯有效的措施的时候,他让位给了城里新的空气!

美国代写论文:员工管理变革

Q.3. What was your response to the change? Why?
Ans. My response to the change was as follows:
I rationalized my approach!
I got into knowing the company’s place in market and how is it progressing with the new methodologies.
Most importantly, I kept my patience and trust intact
I behaved in this manner because as a manager it is my duty to encourage people and enable them to perform and improve as per the requirements and demands of the organization.
Colleague’s Response:
He had an emotional setback.
He had already developed his capabilities as per the current scenarios and it was difficult for him to change his methodologies and accept the new policies.
But Mayer’s competency and expertise gained the trust of the employees, made my colleague to realize that the change is for the better.

美国代写论文:员工管理变革
Q.4. Was the change successfully implemented; and what is the reasoning behind your assessment of success or otherwise?
Ans. The change was successfully implemented?
After a little resistance the change was accepted well
Mayer placed a lot of energy in the company and the employees’ got very excited about their work.
In 2013, Mayer implemented 560 employee- oriented initiatives and also introduced new program designs for employees’ in order to boost their morale.
She understood her employees very well and ensured their happiness remains intact and they should feel valued.
Need for assessment of success:
The need why I feel this trust building was important was because as a manager I always endeavor for employee satisfaction and thus, achieve the organizational goals.
Colleague’s Response:
No, the change was not accepted by him in the first instance, but when things got better and when some consistent and effective steps were taken by our new leader Mayer, it made him give way to the new air in town!

代写论文:LED灯销售

代写论文:LED灯销售

4.2。可选附加产品策略:
OLED灯的能耗比市场上普通灯泡低20%,是经济和效率提高的良好来源。这对于工业部门的两个部门以及家庭和商店的个人消费都是有用的。
面向服务的策略:OLED的效率很高,发热量低,因为当电流通过它时,它被转换成消耗所需的很多能量。
客户服务文化:产品评论可以从现有客户那里获得,并且可以在所生产的新批次中引入期望的改变,并且客户可以根据客户的需求意识到产品中的新特征介绍,以便他们也感觉到他们仍然是我们品牌的忠实客户(Leonard,2002)。
4.2.2程序(系统,程序):应使客户知道其初始成本略高于普通光源,但成本应与其长寿命和低电费相比。
4.2.3物证(内部营销和客户服务):组织的信息系统要健全,及时回答客户的服务和投诉。
4.3。价格:LED的价格与市场上普通的灯具相比是高的,但随着市场价格的上涨和供应的增加,市场价格也在下降。由领带LED将捕捉整个市场,LED灯的所有部门价格将下降,将减少每个人和组织的预算。
4.4。配售(分销):分销渠道应覆盖所有有利于增加LED灯销售的市场领域。
4.5。推广:推广策略应该是突出LED灯的所有特点,并展示其与市场上其他替代品相比的竞争力。应该使用所有新的促销手段。

代写论文:LED灯销售

4.2. Optional Additional product Strategies:
OLED lights consume energy less than 20% than normal bulbs available in the market and are a good source of economic and efficiency gains. It is useful in both sectors in industrial sector and for personal consumption in homes and shops.
Service Oriented strategies: The efficiency of OLED is high with low heat production as when current is passed through them it gets converted into only that much energy which is needed for consumption.
Customer service Culture: The product reviews can be taken from existing customers and desired changes can be introduced in the new lot produced and the customers can be made aware of the new features introduction in the product on the demands of the customers so that they also feel valued and they remain loyal customers of our brands (Leonard, 2002).
4.2.2 Process (Systems, procedures): The clients should be made aware of its initial cost which is little higher than normal lights but the cost should be compared with its long life and low electricity bills.
4.2.3 Physical evidence (internal marketing & customer service): The information system of the organization should be sound so that the services and complaints of the customers should be answered promptly.
4.3. Prices: Prices of LED are high in comparison to normal lights available in the market but as the demand and supply are increasing in the market prices are also coming down. By the tie LED’s will capture whole market and all sectors prices of LED lights will fall and will fir the budget of every individual and the organizations.
4.4. Placement (Distribution): Distribution channels should cover all market areas which are good for increasing the sales of LED Lights.
4.5. Promotion: Promotion strategies should be such that they highlight all features of LED lights and shows its competitive features in comparison to other substitutes available in the market. All new means of promotion should be used.

美国代写论文:酒类销售代表

美国代写论文:酒类销售代表

Q4。销售代表的主要职责包括呼叫指定的分销商,即在其领土内的分销商。其他职责是维护每个分销商的计划配额,商品销售和所有其他所需的服务。
营业额的主要问题之一是未经培训和无经验的员工。聘用后,他们应该完成至少三个月的培训课程。由于与客户的长期合作关系是有效的,所以销售代表至少要有两年的合同。聘请的销售代表必须具备适应技能,口头沟通和营销技能,道德和社交能力。他应该对训练期间将会增强的产品有基本的了解。
Q5。谷酒庄的顾客与组织购买设计阶段的购买过程可以连续七步描述。首先,买家觉​​得需要购买葡萄酒或蒸馏酒。其次,这些买家对葡萄酒或白酒的质量有特定的标准。在这种情况下,谷酒庄已经被称为生产标准质量的产品。所以,当顾客搜索镇上的葡萄酒或者找到用户点评的时候,他们不可能否定谷酒产品的标准,这里公司就通过了第三步。第四步是检查市场上的葡萄酒价格。由于价格最低,这也给了Valley Winery在竞争对手中的一个积极的一面。谷酒庄有足够的支持点被选中,这是第五步。第六是订购或购买。顾客可以从酒吧,连锁店,餐馆等不同地点获得产品。第七是使用,评估和反馈。山谷酒庄得到了积极的回应,从葡萄酒和白酒市场份额的40%可以看出这一点。

美国代写论文:酒类销售代表

Q4. The main responsibilities of the sales representative include calling the assigned distributors, that is, the distributors within his territory. Other responsibilities are to maintain the planned quota of cases for each distributor, merchandising and all other required service to the distributor.
One of the major problems of turnover is the untrained and non-experienced staff. After hiring the pass-outs, they should complete a training session of at least three months. As long term relationship with the client is effective, the sales reps should be higher in terms of a contract of at least two years. The hired sales rep must possess adaptive skills, verbal communication and marketing skills, ethics and sociability. He should have basic knowledge about the products which will be enhanced during training session.
Q5. The buying process of customers of Valley Winery in relevance to Organizational Buying Design Stages can be depicted in seven consecutive steps. First they buyers feel the need of purchasing wines or distilled spirits. Secondly, these buyers have particular standard for the quality of wine or distilled spirit. In this case, Valley Winery is already known for producing standard quality products. So, when customer searches the wines available in the town or tends to find user reviews, he or she could not negate the standard of Valley Winery products, here the company passed the third step. Fourth step is checking the prices of wines in the market. This also gives Valley Winery a positive point among the competitors due to minimum prices. Valley Winery has got enough supporting points to be selected, that is the fifth step. Sixth is ordering or purchasing. Customer can get the product from various locations in the city, like bars, chain stores, restaurants etc. Seventh is using, evaluating and giving feedback. Valley Winery gets a positive feedback which is evident from the fact that it shares 40% of the market share in wines and distilled spirit.

代写论文:英国的大型展览

代写论文:英国的大型展览

托里·贝内特(Tory Bennett)在他的书中提到“展览复合体”,并与“伟大的展览”(1988)进行了讨论。 “大展”的成功带动了展览,博物馆和画廊的兴起。 “综合体”的概念是在福柯制度创造禁闭的基本思想的基础上发展起来的,托尼·贝内特(Tory Bennett)认为还有另外一套有知识或权力的制度,大展以来的纪律效应,以及后来的类似展览形式。福柯认为,监狱制度发展进步的重要标志是1840年Mettray新监狱的开放。

结论
因此,这个伟大的展览是代表不同国家展品的世界上最吸引人的展览之一。它因艺术,科学和创新而受到极大的欢迎。参观展览是一个令人难忘的事件。人们欣赏这个地方,他们被吸引到美丽的展品。自150年来,这个地方以其卓越而闻名。此外,游客在无与伦比的地方获得独特的体验。因此,英国的伟大展览是世界上最好的展览。

代写论文:英国的大型展览

Tory Bennett mentioned ‘Exhibitioner complex’ in his book and discussed with ‘The Great Exhibition’ (1988). The success of ‘The Great Exhibition’ brought to a rise of exhibitions, museums and galleries. The notion of ‘Exhibitionary complex’ is developed base on Foucault’s fundamental idea of institutional creation of confinement, Tory Bennett suggested the there is another set of institution with knowledge or power; the disciplinary effect emerged since the Great Exhibition and all later similar exhibition forms. Foucault considers that the significant mark in Carceral institution developing progress is the opening of the new prison at Mettray in 1840。

Conclusion
Thus, the great exhibition was one of the most appealing exhibition of the world which represented the exhibits from different nations. It has been immensely popular because of its art, science and the innovation. The visit to the exhibition is an unforgettable event for the people. The people admire the place and they are attracted towards the beautiful exhibits. Since 150 years, this place has been known for its greatness. Also, the visitors gets a unique experience at the place which is unmatched. Thus, the great exhibition of Britain is the best exhibition in the world.

代写论文:弗赖辛格的创作

代写论文:弗赖辛格的创作

弗赖辛格的创作写作与创作作品模式着重于学生遵循创作写作风格的创作动机。这种写作风格可以让学生根据自己的创作动机来完成写作技巧。创造性写作模式的次要焦点是学生遵循创意构成的热情(Myers,2006)。这个写作模式定义了学生在个性特征的创造性因素的基础上,遵循创造性构成的积极性和动机。这种写作模式允许学生根据自己在现实生活中的经验写作,这反过来又使他们变得脆弱。根据自己的经验写作的个体的脆弱性导致写作模式具有与其相关的风险。这种写作模式也可以让个人玩各种文字,表达自己的创造力。这反过来又让学生体验和发挥语言的实力,创造出非常有创意的作品。弗赖辛格的创造性写作和创造性写作模式也注重个人的自我形成,希望在写作领域获得更多的成就,并成为一名成功的作家。这个愿望允许个人探索自己和他们的写作技巧。这反过来又可以有效和高效地使用写作技巧来实现高质量的作品(Mayers,2007)。

代写论文:弗赖辛格的创作

The model of creative writing and creative composition by Freisinger focuses on the motives of the student to follow the creative writing style along with the creative composition. This writing style allows the students to completely develop their writing skills based on their motivation to follow creative composition. The secondary focus of the creative writing model is the enthusiasm of the students to follow creative composition (Myers, 2006). This writing model defines the enthusiasm and motivation of the students to follow creative composition to be based on the creativity factor in the characteristics of the individuals. This writing model allows the students to write on the basis of their own experiences in the real life, which in turn allows them to be vulnerable. This vulnerability of the individuals writing based on their own experiences causes the writing model to have risks associated to it. This writing model also allows the individuals to play with various words and express their creativeness. This in turn allows the students to experience and play with the actual power of language to create very creative writings. Freisinger’s model of creative writing and creative composition also focus on the ego formation of the individuals in terms of the wish to achieve more in the sector of writing and become a successful writer. This wish allows the individuals to explore themselves and their writing skills. This in turn allows the effective and efficient usage of the writing skills to achieve high quality of the writings (Mayers, 2007).

代写论文:奥斯坦德宣言

代写论文:奥斯坦德宣言

1854年,一份名为“Ostend宣言”的文件写道,美国从西班牙购买古巴的意图,甚至在西班牙拒绝的情况下宣布了一场战争。然而,美国对古巴在软弱的西班牙手中感到满意,而不是去一些更强大的国家,比如英国或法国。美国甚至准备使用军事力量以国家安全的名义占领古巴(图尔钦& j . s .),1988)。

结束后美国内战(1861 – 1865),为了保持与拉丁美洲的商业环境,会议被称为1889年,目标是组装的拉美国家的领导下美国和拉丁美洲的打开了市场对美国的交易员。后来,美国干涉了古巴和西班牙之间的冲突,以获得古巴,这导致了1898年美西战争。1902年,美国军队在1901年通过普拉特修正案后离开了古巴。根据这一点,美国被允许干涉古巴发生的事情,以保持古巴和古巴的独立,不会将其土地转让给除美国以外的任何其他国家。在1904年,罗斯福总统为美国辩护作为美国“国际警察力量”的职责,对其他国家的事务进行干预,并对发生的任何事情进行检查。1900 – 45,经过一段时间的经济扩张的美国在中美洲的进出口的咖啡,糖,香蕉等。1930 – 1940年期间,睦邻政策是通过美国罗斯福总统的政府下向拉丁美洲,和美国同意不干涉别国内政的古巴。

 代写论文:奥斯坦德宣言
In 1854, a document called Ostend Manifesto was written, which described the intentions of the United States to purchase Cuba from Spain, and even declare a war if Spain refused. However, U.S. was satisfied with Cuba being in the hands of the weak Spain, instead of going to some stronger nations like Britain or France. U.S. was even ready to use military forces in order to seize Cuba, in the name of national security (Tulchin & J.S., 1988).
After the end of the US Civil War (1861-1865), in order to maintain the business environment with the Latin America, a meeting was called in 1889, with the aim of assembling the Latin American nations under the leadership of the United States and opens the markets of Latin America to U.S. traders. Later, U.S. interfered in a conflict between Cuba and Spain, in order to acquire Cuba, which lead to the Spanish-American War in 1898. Later in 1902, the U.S. army left Cuba after the Platt Amendment was passed in 1901. According to this, U.S. was allowed to interfere in the happening in Cuba , in order to preserve the independence of Cuba and Cuba would not transfer its land to any other country other than the United States. In 1904, President Roosevelt justified the U.S.’s intervention in other state’ affairs as the responsibility of US to act as “international police power” and keep a check on anything wrong happening. The period of 1900-45, was a period of economic expansion of the United States in the Central America in terms of import and export of coffee, sugar, bananas etc. During the period of 1930-1940, the good neighbor policy was adopted by U.S. under the administration of President Roosevelt towards Latin America, and U.S. agreed not to interfere in the internal affairs of Cuba.

 

代写论文:分配原则

代写论文:分配原则

分配原则被认为是处理社会生活质量的经济体系的核心。在私有财产和生产投入的基础上概述了两个关键的分配原则。分配原则是处理买卖双方之间货物运输方式的信念,对社会和生态环境影响最小。为了使分销流程具有可持续性,公司必须从以下几个方面开展工作:

ØCompetitiveness

Ø持续改进

Ø重大改进

Ø生活周期方向

Ø双重关注

Ø收件人满意

分配原则似乎是公平的,因为它有助于质量和可负担性。

劳动强度生产

南非的农民喜欢劳动强度的生产,主要是因为同样是小规模企业增加就业机会的可能性较大。在劳动密集型生产中,通过使用临时人员和加班或通过下岗工人可以获得一定的能力灵活性。与劳动强度生产相关的成本也相对较低,因为它只涉及培训,招聘,工资和其他福利。劳动密集型生产更有可能生产个性化或个人化的产品。

1830年代的社会责任

1830年代的商业社会责任包括商业道德,充分进步,创造就业机会,优质服务和商品。 19世纪30年代,企业的主要目标是通过多种作物和充分的进步来尽可能地提高生产力(Carroll&Buchholtz,2006)。商业道德不够强大,主要是关于优质商品和服务。当时的企业集中精力为人们创造最大的就业机会,从而导致奴隶制。

代写论文:分配原则

The distribution principle is considered to be the heart of economic system as it deals with the quality of life within society. The two key distribution principles are outlined on the basis of private property and productive input. The distribution principle is the set of beliefs which deals with the hauling of goods and means of transportation between the purchaser and vendor with lowest possible influence on the social and ecological environment. For the distribution processes to be sustainable, a company must work for the following aspects:

ØCompetitiveness

ØContinuous Improvement

ØSignificant Improvements

ØLife cycle orientation

ØDual focus

ØRecipient’s satisfaction

The distribution principle seems to be fair as it contributes to the quality and affordability.

Labor Intensity Production

The labor intensity production was preferred by the peasants in SA mainly because the same were more likely to increase the number of jobs in the smaller scale firms. Within Labor Intensity Production, some flexibility in the capacity can be acquired with the use of temporary staff and overtime or through laying-off workers. The costs associated with Labor Intensity Production are also relatively low as it involves only training, recruitment, wages and other benefits. The Labor Intensity Production is more likely to produce personalized or individual products.

Social Responsibilities in 1830s

The social responsibilities for business in 1830s included business ethics, adequate progress, creation of jobs, quality services, and goods. In 1830s, the primary aim of the business was to enhance the productivity as much as possible through multi cropping and adequate progress (Carroll & Buchholtz, 2006). The business ethics were not strong enough and it was primarily about quality goods and services. The corporations back then were focused on creating the maximal jobs for people and hence lead to slavery.