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加拿大代写被抓

加拿大代写被抓

资本结构是负债的构成。公司层面的计算通常包括股权融资和债务融资以及债务与融资的比率。在这一点上,债务融资法规被发现具有稳固的杠杆作用。资本结构被发现是高度复杂的,它包括许多资金来源。杠杆可以定义为从债务中获得的公司资本的比例。这是非常复杂的。在破产的情况下,资本结构从最高的位置到最低的(Leary,和Roberts, 2005)。

加拿大代写被抓

在完美的资本市场,没有交易或破产成本。公司和个人可以借到相同的利率。没有税收,投资回报也没有受到金融不确定性的影响。莫迪利亚尼和米勒在这些条件下得出了两个主要的发现(莫迪利阿尼,米勒,1965)。首先考虑的是公司的价值是独立于资本结构的。第二个建议是,杠杆公司的股权成本等于无杠杆公司的股权成本。风险被发现在投资者阶层之间转移。没有额外的值被创建。最优结构被发现根本没有股权。资本结构被发现包含99%的债务。在现实世界中,这种资本结构没有任何关联(Leary和Roberts, 2005)。

加拿大代写被抓

The capital structure is the composition of liabilities. The firm level calculations usually encompass the equity finance and debt finances and the ratio of the debt to financing. In this, the debt financed statute is found to firm leverage. The capital structure is found to be a highly complex and it includes a number of sources for the collection of the capital. The leverage can be defined as the proportion of the firm capital that is obtained from the debt. This is found to be highly complex. In cases of bankruptcy the capital structure of is divided from the senior most position to the least (Leary, and Roberts, 2005).

加拿大代写被抓

In the perfect capital market, there is no transaction or bankruptcy cost. Firms and individual is found to borrow the same interest rate. There are no taxes and investment returns are not impacted by the financial uncertainty. Modigliani and Miller derived two main findings in these conditions (Modigliani, & Miller, 1965). The first proposition that was considered is that the value of the company is found to be independent of the capital structure. The second proposition is that the cost of equity of the leveraged firm is equal to the cost of equity of the unleveraged firm. The risk is found to be shifted between the investor classes. There is no extra value is created. The optimal structure is found to have no equity at all. The capital structure is found to consist of 99% of the debt. In the real world, this capital structure bears no relevance (Leary, and Roberts, 2005).

 

加拿大医药学论文代写:医疗保健

加拿大医药学论文代写:医疗保健

提供者网络:受管理的医疗保健骨干网是包括医生合同,接待服务和健康系统在内的网络提供者,以及非医生,附属治疗设施和所有其他护理提供者的专业人员。合同的存在允许付款人和提供者具有一般健康保险赔款类型。

优点:通过服务收费进行支付是为了向患者提供特定服务的报销。作为付款的方式,通过收取服务费是相当简单的,因为每一项特定的服务都是通过账单来提供的,并且可以提供付款。然而,作为一种简单的形式,卫生保健机构的服务收费不同于定价完成的所有经济部门的商品或服务收费。该过程具有相对的灵活性,无视医师实践中组织结构的大小或结构。

加拿大医药学论文代写:医疗保健

缺点:从概念上讲,服务收费对于理解起来可能很简单,但在实际实现中理解这一点存在困难。患者有时为了解码编码值而挣扎,并且在计费过程中涉及命名,因此管理各种账单变得非常困难。

有不同类型的医院支付方法已经以支付模式的形式进行了审查。这些是服务费,协调工资,绩效工资,通过事件或捆绑支付的费用,以及通过护理成本的全面性或完整支付的费用。

加拿大医药学论文代写:医疗保健

Provider Network: The managed health care backbone is the network provider which is inclusive of physician’s contract, hospitality services and systems of health along with the professionals which are non physician, ancillary and services of therapeutic with facilities and all other care providers. The existence of a contract allows the payers and the providers to have general health insurance indemnity type.

Advantages: Payment through fee for services constitutes of reimbursing for particular services of individuals delivered for a patient. It is fairly simple for being understtod through fee for service as a method of payment as every particular service is delivered through bills and can be provided payment as well.  As a simple form however, payment of fee for service within health care institutes differs from goods or services payments in all economic sectors where pricing is done. The process has relative flexibility and disregards the sizes or structure of organizations structures within the practice of physician.

加拿大医药学论文代写:医疗保健

Cons: Conceptually fee for service can be simple for being understood but there is a difficulty present for understanding the same in practical implementations. Patients sometimes struggle for deciphering the coded values and involved nomenclatures within the process of billing and therefore managing the various bills becomes very difficult.

There are different types of hospital payment methodologies which have been reviewed in the form of models of payment. These are fee for services, coordination pay, performance pay, payment through episodes or through bundles and care of comprehensiveness or complete payment through care cost.

加拿大护理学论文代写:初级保健

加拿大护理学论文代写:初级保健

为了达到这一特定研究的目标,采用了医疗支出调查方法。为了评估年度初级保健利用率,多变量回归技术应用于变量。努力预测由于覆盖范围扩大可能导致的公共基础护理访问中预期会发生的所有变化。所有这一切都是通过分析模型估计值和利用国家一级提供的关于无保险人员比例的信息来完成的。这种利用率的变化是一个巨大的变化,因此有必要对医生的数量有一个了解,以适应该领域变化趋势的后果。

就研究结果而言,从数据中得出的估计数字显示,今天提供的覆盖面在2019年将增加一倍多,这可能导致有关住宿的严重问题。 2019年的年访人数也将增加到约1507万人,甚至可能达到2426万人的上限,这对卫生保健管理将是一个严峻的挑战。可以假设医生的生产力在美国是稳定的,在4307至6940的范围内(Haeder,2012)。因此,为了适应日益增加的覆盖面的压力,迫切需要更多的医生。

该研究的调查结果表明,PPACA将显着增加该国初级保健设施的使用。这也将有助于提高对初级保健重要性的认识。除此之外,PPACA还将使美国居民能够有效地利用国家当局为他们提供的特权。在所有被包含的变量中,健康保险的参数更为重要,未来几年初级保健规定的需求将显着增加。为了满足未来日益增长的需求,决策者需要采取一些措施。这些措施包括制定更强有力的激励措施,吸引医疗学校的学生进入初级保健领域。这些财政激励措施应以提供给进入初级卫生保健领域的医学学生的特许权,设施和奖学金的形式发起,这些激励措施要求比为其他医学领域的学生提供的激励措施大得多。运营改善也是必要的,包括提供护理方面的改变。美国需要相对较高的吞吐量和更好的护理质量。

加拿大护理学论文代写:初级保健

In order to meet the objectives of this particular research, a methodology of medical expenditure survey is utilized. To asses annual primary care utilization a technique of multivariate regression is applied on the variables. An effort is made to forecast all the changes expected to occur in primary care visits by public which may result due to the expansion of coverage. All this is done by analyzing the model estimates and utilizing the information available at state level about the proportion of uninsured people. This change in utilization is a huge one therefore it is necessary to have an idea about the number of physicians that are needed in order to accommodate consequences of changing trends in the sector.

As far as results of the study are concerned the estimates obtained from data show that the coverage provided today will be more than doubled in the year 2019 which may lead to serious issues regarding accommodation. The number of annual visits will also be increased in the year 2019 to a level of approximately 15.07 million and may even touch the upper limit of 24.26 million and it is going to be a serious challenge for health care administration[]. It can be assumed that productivity of physicians is stable in United States and lies within the range of 4307 to 6940 (Haeder, 2012). So, in order to accommodate rising pressure of increased coverage additional physicians are urgently required.

The study’s findings state that PPACA will significantly increase the use of primary care facilities in the country. It will also contribute in increasing awareness about the importance of primary care. In addition to this PPACA will enable residents of United States to effectively utilize privileges provided by state authorities to them. Among all the included variables parameters of health insurance are more significant ones which show a significant increase of demand for primary health care provisions in coming years. In order to meet the increased demand in future some steps are necessary to be taken by policy makers. These steps include a strategy of creating enhanced and stronger incentives to attract the students of medical care schools to the field of primary care. These financial incentives should be launched in the form of concessions, facilities and scholarships provided to medical students entering the field of primary health care and these incentives are required to be much greater than those provided to students of other medical fields. Operational improvement is also necessary to be achieved and it includes changes in the delivery of care. Relatively higher throughput and better quality of care is required in United States.