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留学生论文代写:保护主义理论

留学生论文代写:保护主义理论。保护主义是各国采取的一种方式,以增加某些土著工业的竞争力,如果实行自由贸易,这些工业就会被消灭。印度表示,上述税收”,增加进口的商品进入印度造成并威胁要对国内产业造成严重伤害/主题商品的生产者,和任何延迟申请提供保障的责任会导致损伤难以修复”(税收商,2015)。保护主义在国际贸易领域并不少见。从像印度这样的发展中国家到像美国这样的发达国家(Tumlir, 1985),所有国家都倾向于保护主义。一些保护主义政策,如增加关税提高了外国公司相对于国内公司的成本,并通常影响系统的整体福利(Sykes, 1999)。接下来留学生论文代写专家将为同学们分析讨论下保护主义理论。

保护主义在国际贸易领域并不少见。从像印度这样的发展中国家到像美国这样的发达国家(Tumlir, 1985),所有国家都倾向于保护主义。一些保护主义政策,如增加关税提高了外国公司相对于国内公司的成本,并通常影响系统的整体福利(Sykes, 1999)。这些政策的主要目的是使外国产品的价格高到使国内市场偏爱本国产品而不喜欢外国产品。这样的政策通常会带来无谓的损失,阻碍整个社会和国家的福利。

此外,这些政策也不鼓励国内企业的改进。当增加专用关税和税收等措施在该体系中实施时,国内企业就可以很容易地进入市场。没有来自国外生产的更好的产品的竞争,这使得国内公司发展他们的技能或技术变得不重要。因此,虽然他们会有更大的收入,但他们不会在提高自己或使自己更具竞争力方面投入太多。基本上,在这些政策的存在下,国内市场通常会停滞不前。另一方面,那些努力使国内市场更具竞争性、鼓励创新和改善获得信贷机会的规定并没有使国内公司获得更多进入市场的机会,但肯定使它们能够以更有效和长期的方式处理竞争。

学术界的共识是,此类贸易限制和保护主义对经济不利。因此,它们是中国限制进口的更受欢迎的方式。印度用来“鼓励”国内企业的从价税就属于第一类,这些企业大多是小企业。研究表明,这样的税收对印度等发展中经济体没有好处,因为印度需要更高程度的自由贸易来鼓励外国玩家进入市场(Caliendo, Feenstra, Romalis & Taylor, 2015)。这种强加行为严重破坏了伙伴国之间的贸易和政治关系。

Protectionism is not uncommon in the arena of international trade. Right from the developing countries like India to the developed countries like the US (Tumlir, 1985), all countries have favoured protectionism. Some protectionist policies like increase in tariffs raise the cost of foreign firms with respect to the domestic firms and generally affect the overall welfare of the system (Sykes, 1999). These policies are essentially aimed at making the foreign products so costly that the domestic market prefers the domestic goods against the foreign goods. Such policies usually have a deadweight loss associated with them which hampers the welfare of the society and country as a whole.

Furthermore, these policies do not encourage improvement of the domestic firms. When measures such as increased dedicated tariffs and taxes are implemented in the system, the domestic firms get an easy access to the market. There is no competition from better products produced in foreign countries which makes it unimportant for the domestic firms to develop their skill or technology. As a result, while they would have stronger revenue, they do not invest much in improving themselves or making themselves more competitive. Essentially, the domestic markets generally stagnate in the presence of such policies. On the other hand, regulations which strive to make the domestic market more competitive, encourage innovation and improve access to credit do not grant the domestic firms with more access to the market, but definitely equip them to handle competition in a more effective and long-term way.

There has been an academic consensus that such trade restrictions and protectionisms are not good for the economy. Thus, they are the more popular ways of restricting imports in the country. The kind of measure used by India- an ad valorem tax- to “encourage” the domestic firms, most of which are small enterprises, falls under the first category. Researches show that such taxes are not beneficial for developing economies like India where a higher degree of free trade is required to encourage foreign players to enter the market (Caliendo, Feenstra, Romalis & Taylor, 2015). Such impositions seriously undermine the trade and political relations between the partner countries.

以上内容就是留学生论文代写专家将为同学们分析讨论的保护主义理论。如果留学生们有需要美国论文代写帮助的,可以放心选择美国论文代写服务公司。其服务公司拥有专业领域的英文论文创作专家,通过其论文创作专家的帮助可以使论文写作变得更容易些,并在严格的论文交付期限内完成创作。美国论文代写服务致力于为留学生提供高质量的论文创作服务,并提供100%无抄袭内容。因此,请登录美国论文代写网站并立即订购专属您的个性化论文!同

美国代写:芝士披萨公司奖励因素

美国代写:芝士披萨公司奖励因素。个人就业是为了提高自己的技能、知识和事业。在芝士披萨公司这样的组织中,在加薪或奖金的同时,创建一个有效的奖励系统,通过表扬和认可来认可员工的出色表现,成就从长远来看是有益的。它需要创造这样一个环境,为成就者鼓掌(Edmonds, 2017)。成就的水平可能会有所不同,或者可能与工作的不同方面有关,但认识到每一个努力都会激励员工提高个人水平,从而在组织层面上做出更多贡献。接下来美国代写专家将为同学们分析下芝士披萨公司奖励因素。

创建一个列表,这些期望与员工绩效——性能期望将相关的日常性能前线员工,客户联系维护营销团队,获得培训和认证水平,贡献中期管理、组织发展的战略新思想的贡献团队,由行政和人力资源部门完成所需的文件等(拉德纳,2015)。每个人的期望是不同的;一线员工需要快速行动,而后端员工则需要冷静沉着。芝士披萨必须重新评估员工的绩效期望,并在每年的员工评估中列出目标。这种评估必须基于诸如资历、在组织的任期、员工的经验等标准。

创建员工调查以识别员工超出预期的情况——芝士披萨公司的最高管理人员需要与员工沟通,分享他们或同事超出预期的情况,并展示值得认可的品质。这种调查在内部网络上共享时验证了信息(Zhang and Vogel, 2013)。由于公司的目标是在两个不同的国家有十个新的网点,这将首先有助于采取员工在场的帮助,以确定成就者或那些一贯达到或超过预期的员工。显然,这些资料将得到适当的验证,以消除虚假的报告。

奖励类型的确定-芝士披萨必须有奖励的类别,如奖金或加薪,成就证书,晋升,宴会或派对标记员工的成就(张和Vogel, 2013)。有荣誉的员工可以得到赞扬他们成就的卡片或信件。如员工在规定的时间内守时或不休假等小成绩将得到认可,并在年度会议上得到认可。表现出色的员工将得到加薪或奖金的奖励。持续的高水平表现将表明晋升短期成绩将获得证书。这将跨层次进行,以便不同职位的员工知道他们的努力工作不是浪费,将努力提高他们目前的表现水平。

创建让员工充实的项目——芝士披萨公司的这类项目将包括员工可以享受的课程,如瑜伽指导、辅助艺术课等(Salah, 2016年)。定期与当地企业合作开展此类活动将是有益的。通过不断更新员工的资源,可以提高员工的绩效。定期提供培训计划是提高员工绩效的有效方法(Azzone和巴勒莫,2011)。这样的会议使员工有可能发现自己的缺点,并使hep得到改善。如果培训课程是交互式的,那么公司就可以为员工提供改进的渠道,也可以为员工提供一个整理他们的问题的平台。

Creation of a list of those expectations related to employee performance – performance expectation will be related to daily performance for the front line staff, client contact maintenance by marketing team, obtaining training and certification across levels, contribution towards organisational development by the mid management, contribution of new ideas by the strategic team, completion of required paperwork by administrative and human resource departments among others (Lardner, 2015). Expectation from each individual is different; while the front line staff need to be fast on their feet, the backend employees are expected to be calm and composed. Cheesy Pizza would have to review the performance expectation of the employees and enlist the goals during the annual evaluation of employees. Such evaluation have to be based on criteria such as seniority, tenure with the organisation, experience of the employee among others.

Creation of employee survey for identification of instances where expectation of performance is exceeded by employee – the top management at Cheesy Pizza Company would need to communicate with the employees to share instances when they or a co-worker exceeds expectation and demonstrate recognition worthy qualities. Such survey when shared on intranet validates the information (Zhang and Vogel, 2013). As the company aims to have ten new outlets in two different nations, it would initially be helpful to take the help of the employees present on location to identify the achievers or those employees who consistently meet or exceed the expectations. It is obvious that such information would be duly validated to do away with fraudulent reports.

Determination of type of reward – Cheesy Pizza would have to have categories of rewards such as bonus or pay rise, achievement certificate, promotion, banquet or parties for marking employee achievement (Zhang and Vogel, 2013). Honoured employees could be given cards or letters applauding their achievement. Minor achievements such as punctuality or no leaves within a stipulated time would be recognised and the employee being acknowledged during the annual meetings. Performance achievements would be rewarded by a pay rise or bonus. Consistent high level performance would indicate promotion short term achievements would be acknowledged with certificates. This would be done across levels so that employees of different positions know that their hard work is not waste and would work towards improving their current level of performance.

Creation of program for employee enrichment – such programs at Cheesy Pizza Company would include sessions that employees could enjoy such as yoga instruction, complementary art class and so on (Salah, 2016). It would be beneficial to work with the local businesses for such activities at regular intervals. The performance of employees can be enhanced by constantly updating their resources. Providing training programs at regular intervals is an effective way to improve performance of the employees (Azzone and Palermo, 2011). Such sessions make it possible for the employees to identify their shortcomings and get hep to improve. Training sessions when made interactive make it possible for the company to provide avenues for the employees to improve and also give a platform to the employees to sort their queries.

以上内容就是美国代写专家将为同学们分析的芝士披萨公司奖励因素。如果同学们有需要论文代写的地方,详情可以在线咨询美国论文代写平台客服,此论文代写平台机构为留学生们提供专业的硕士论文代写、essay代写、assignment代写等论文服务,丰富的论文代写经验值得留学生们选择和信赖!

代写:数据收集和抽样方法

代写:数据收集和抽样方法。用于研究的数据收集通常通过primary和secondary数据收集方法进行。该方法下的数据收集技术也各不相同。主要数据收集方法用于直接从被调查现象的参与者或参与者收集数据(Walsham, 1995)。这些都是研究人员进行的直接调查(Saunders, 2011)。主要采用访谈法、问卷调查法、观察法等方法收集资料。接下来代写专家将为同学们分析下数据收集和抽样方法。

主要数据收集方法的优点是它有助于收集始终处于当前状态的数据。数据的可靠性和饱和度可以由研究者根据研究需要确定。与原始数据收集相比,二手数据收集方法更快,但可能不太可靠(Stewart & Kamins, 1993)。二手资料收集采用现有的研究研究资料。数据可能是当前的,也可能不是,研究人员将无法引入数据饱和所需的点。所给的研究工作似乎更像是一种探索性研究,其意义是从现象中的实际行动者那里寻求的。因此,对于这项研究工作,主要数据收集是必要的,研究人员确实已经找到了主要数据收集方法。研究者使用了人种学的方法。民族志收集数据的方法旨在研究人们在自己的环境。这里采用了参与式观察、面对面访谈等更便于数据收集的方法。民族志研究的优点在于,它可以收集有关正在调查的问题的各种和大量的数据样本。这项研究的缺点是研究人员必须非常投入研究工作。研究人员将沉浸在工作中,这增加了工作可靠性问题和研究人员偏见等的机会(Tsoukas, 2005)。

工作中没有规定抽样方法。虽然没有详细说明抽样方法,但似乎是方便抽样。研究人员监视了一些提供警察监视细节的主要网站,然后通过他们的社交网络帖子跟踪他们。研究人员随后使用了回应性访谈的方法来收集他们的研究意见。为了选择合适的数据收集候选人的需要,研究人员采用了一种方便的抽样形式。然而,采样方法并没有在工作中明确说明。

The primary data collection method has the advantage that it helps collect data that is always current. The data’s reliability and saturation can be determined by the researcher based on the research needs. Compared to primary data collection, the secondary data collection method is the one that is quicker but could be less reliable (Stewart & Kamins, 1993). Secondary data collection is done with exiting research study data. The data may or may not be current and the researcher will not be able to introduce the needed points for data saturation. The given research work appears to be more of an explorative study where meaning is sought from the actual actors in the phenomenon. Hence, a primary data collection is necessary for this research work and it is identified that the researchers have indeed sought a primary data collection method. The researcher has made use of the ethnographic method. The ethnography method of data collection aims to study the people in their own environment. Methods like participant observation, face to face interviews and more facilitate data collection here. The pros of ethnography research are that it is possible to collect diverse and large data samples on the issue being investigated. The cons of this research are that the researcher would have to be very involved in the research work. The researcher would be immersed in the work and this increases the chances of reliability issues for the work and researcher bias etc. (Tsoukas, 2005).

The sampling method is not specified in the work. Although the sampling method is not specified, it appears to be convenience sampling. The researchers have monitored some of the main websites that were presenting cop watching details and then tracked them through their social networking posts. The researchers have then made use of a responsive-interviewing method for collecting their opinions for the research. The need for selecting the right candidate for data collection has made the researcher employ a form of convenience sampling. Sampling method however has not been explicitly stated in the work.

以上内容就是代写专家对数据收集和抽样方法的分析。同学们如需要论文代写帮助,可以寻求美国论文代写服务公司。美国论文代写平台机构有不同专业领域的论文创作专家,保障论文原创质量,杜绝剽窃和抄袭。并为同学们提供免费修改和检测服务,同学们可以随时在线咨询我们美国论文代写服务的专职客服!

美国代写论文:恐怖事件引起的伦理问题

美国代写论文:恐怖事件引起的伦理问题。恐怖事件引起了伦理问题。美国联邦调查局(FBI)向苹果公司发出了一项法庭命令,要求其解锁一部手机,否则苹果将违反对客户的承诺。参与道德决策的利益相关者包括FBI、苹果公司、苹果公司的消费者、直接或间接受到恐怖事件影响的人以及广大公众。功利主义伦理理论认为,道德情境下的决策必须基于对行为后果的预测。功利主义者因此会评估道德状况,选择对大多数人有利的解决方案。接下来美国代写论文专家将为同学们分析下恐怖事件引起的伦理问题。

功利主义伦理理论认为,道德情境下的决策必须基于对行为后果的预测。功利主义者因此会评估道德状况,选择对大多数人有利的解决方案。之前已经确定了不同的利益相关者。通过解锁手机,FBI将受益,因为他们将能够使用从手机中提取的数据来寻找恐怖分子。如果从手机中提取数据,直接或间接受到恐怖事件影响的人将能够对事件有一定的了解。恐怖袭击事件会使广大公众感到不安。如果手机被解锁,从手机中获取的一些数据导致了逮捕,那么公众会感到更安全。苹果的消费者可能会担心安全问题,但消费者也会希望恐怖分子被捕。此外,所有智能手机用户都将成为利益相关者,因为无论苹果做出什么决定,行业内的大多数人都有可能效仿苹果的做法。对于解锁手机的好处,智能手机用户可以分为两类。有些人会担心隐私问题。大多数用户希望找到恐怖分子,即使这意味着牺牲隐私。现在可以确定的是,如果手机被解锁,尽管有一些分歧的意见,它最大化了利益相关者的利益。根据功利主义理论,选择解锁会给大多数人带来最大的利益。

The utilitarian ethical theory presents the argument that decision making in an ethical situation must be done based on the prediction of the consequence of action. The utilitarian would hence evaluate the ethical situation and would select that solution which results in benefits as consequence to the majority of the people. There were different stakeholders identified earlier. By carrying out the action of unlocking the phone the FBI will benefit because they will be able to use the data extracted from phone in order to find the terrorists. The people who were directly and indirectly affected by the terrorist incident would be able to get some closure on the incident if the data was extracted from the phone. The public at large would be feeling insecure because of the terrorist incident. If the phone was unlocked and some data was obtained from the phone leading to an arrest, then the public could feel more secure. Consumers of Apple could worry about the security issue, but then consumers would want the terrorists apprehended. Furthermore, all smartphone users would be a stakeholder, as whatever decision Apple took, the chances are most of the industry would start following it. Smartphone users can be divided as to the benefits of having the phone unlocked. Some would worry about privacy concerns. A majority of the users would want the terrorist found even if it means a trade-off to privacy. Now it can be identified that if the phone was unlocked in spite of some divided opinion, it maximizes the benefits to most stakeholders. As per the utilitarian theory, the choice of unlocking will yield the greatest benefit to most people.

以上内容就是美国代写论文专家为同学们分析的恐怖事件引起的伦理问题。如果同学们还没有足够的自信来撰写论文,那么可以寻求美国代写论文专家的帮助。美国代写论文服务机构为同学们提供一流的解决方案,保证论文质量并准时交付论文作品!

代写本科essay:张拉整体结构概述

代写本科essay:张拉整体结构概述。张拉整体基本上是一个三维结构的特性它的成员处于张力下,这些成员是连续的,而在压缩下的成员不是。在张拉整体结构中,对杆件和弦件进行了识别。弦是通常处于张力下的元素而杆是通常处于压缩下的结构。研究表明,张拉整体结构中的弦具有以下性质。它们重量轻,可折叠,在制作过程中也很坚固。强度和轻度的结合使得它们在滑轮结构、NiTi钢丝结构、致动器和更多的情况下非常坚固和可移动(Sultan和Skelton, 1998)。接下来代写本科essay专家将为同学们分析下张拉整体结构。

在张拉整体结构的分析中,我们发现有几个数学模型可以相互连接,但只有少数几个能真正地更清楚地表征其性质。这些模型中只有少数能真正揭示为什么这种结构会存在。一些模型还显示了如何假装结构是广泛有益的。

所有的弦都被预先拉紧,就更容易做出拉张整体结构著名的稳健形状。张拉整体结构的一个特殊特性,正如在建模中理解的那样,就是结构的形状如何可以在能量结构影响很小的情况下改变。传统连续结构在发生变化时,往往着重于能量结构如何变化。然而,在这种情况下,能量结构的改变是有限的,这意味着形状控制是廉价的。对于这样的建筑工程,从使用传统的连续流结构到张拉结构,真的没有理由去理解势能结构会如何变化。研究人员将其与需要大量能量才能改变形状的经典结构进行了直接对比。一些模拟研究表明,在经典结构中,形成形状所需的能量将是极端的。另一方面,张拉结构的重量非常轻,同时也非常强壮(米凯莱蒂和威廉姆斯,2007)。

张拉结构的力学模拟研究实际上是建立在与经典结构进行对比的基础上的。因此,许多文献综述工作成为一个对比研究,而不是一个独特的研究的特点的张拉整体。这项工作打算着眼于张拉整体的独特特征,并将它们的特征与当前在建筑环境中的应用相结合。从结构的最小质量、屈曲约束和刚度、强度等方面分析了自相似结构的概念。

In the analysis of the tensegrity structures, it has been identified that there are several mathematical models that can be connected, but only a few would really represent the properties more clearly. Only a few of these models could actually reveal why such a structure would hold. Some of the models also show how pretending of the structures is widely helpful.

Where all the strings are pre-tensed, it becomes easier to make the robust shape that the tensegrity structures are famous for. A specific property in tensegrity structures as understood in modelling is how the shape of the structure could be changed with very little impact on the energy structure. The conventional continuous structures when they are changed, much emphasis is usually given on how the energy structures also change. However, in this situation, the energy structure change is limited, meaning shape controls are inexpensive. For such construction works that move from using a conventional continuous flow structure to tensegrities, there is really no reason to understand how potential energy structures could change. This is directly contrasted by researchers with the classical structures where much energy is needed to change their shapes. In classicial structures, the amount of energy to shape will be extreme as some simulative studies have shown. Tensegrities on the other hand are extremely light weight and are extremely strong as well (Micheletti and Williams, 2007).

Simulation studies on the mechanics of tensegrities would actually be based on contrasting them with classical structures. Much of the literature review work hence becomes a contrasting study and not a unique study of features of tensegrities. This work intends to look at the unique features of tensegrities and present their features with respect to more current uses in the construction context. The concept of self-similar structures is analyzed based on the minimal mass subject, the buckling constrain and the stiffness, strength of structures.

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