文学领域的现代主义在19世纪末和20世纪初都得到了广泛的关注。这主要发生在欧洲和北美国家。它的特征是通过自觉的断裂，包括传统的任何事物的书写方式的改变，无论是散文写作还是诗歌写作。现代主义者在文学形式上做了大量的实验，并做出了相应的改变。这一文学运动的进一步推动，与整体的愿望做改变传统的表现模式，可以表达在新的时代。一些早期的现代主义作家确实试图改变这种观念。这包括达尔文·马赫、弗洛伊德、柏格森等作家。之后，大量与文献相关的创新技术的发展，包括多视角的运用(Carter et al.， 2013)。
关于与现代主义有关的文学运动从什么时候开始可能会有一场争论。文学领域的现代主义开始于1910年，当时小说家弗吉尼亚·伍尔夫(Virginia Woolf)宣布人性发生了根本性的变化。1919年，舍伍德·安德森(Sherwood Anderson)完成了另一部与现代主义有关的早期作品，他采用了平实的散文风格，主要强调对大量人物的心理洞察。与此同时，另一位重要的现代主义作家是詹姆斯·乔伊斯。他所采用的策略写在小说《尤利西斯》(1922)中，用来描述一个人24小时的生活中的事件。这些品质在1923年被TS Eliot (Gregory et al.， 2011)进一步定义。
The modernism in the literary field had been observed during the times of late 19th century and during the early twentieth century. This majorly took place in the nations of Europe and North America. It had been characterized through the self-conscious break which included the change in the traditional ways in which the anything is written both in case of prose writing and the poetry writing. The modernists did a lot of experimentations in the literately forms and changed the same. This literature movement had been further driven along with the overall desire to do the change in the traditional modes of representation which could be expressed in the new time. Some of the early modernist writers did the attempt to change the ideas. This included the writers such as Darwin Mach, Freud, Bergson and others. After this, there was the development of the large number of innovative techniques which were related to the literature including the use of the multiple points of view (Carter et al., 2013).
There may be a debate related to when there was the beginning of the literary movement related to the modernism. It is assumed that the beginning of modernism in literary field was done in the year 1910, when the novelist Virginia Woolf had given the declaration that the human nature had underwent a fundamental change. Another earlier work related to modernism had been done by Sherwood Anderson in the year 1919 who used the style of plain-spoken prose and largely emphasized on the psychological insight into the large number of characters. Another major modernist writer during the same time was James Joyce. The strategies which had been implemented by him had been written in the novel Ulysses (1922) for giving the depiction related to the events during the time period of twenty four hour of the life of a person. These qualities had been further defined in the year 1923 by TS Eliot (Gregory et al., 2011).