The approach of trait being followed for understanding the concepts of leadership can be seen since the era of the 19th century. It has been argued by a number of researchers that there is no consistency within the combination of traits that differentiated the personality of leaders from the personality of the followers. Development of a list has been done by the researchers of trait and it is their belief that these have a strong relation with the success of leadership. In the creation of these types of lists, there had been a mixture of a number of varying attributes done by a number of researchers (Carlyle 2007). After several researches being conducted, in the years of 1990s, it had been found that there is a need for including social intelligence as well in order to be capable enough of understanding their thoughts, behaviours as well as feelings. As in the literature provided, 5 main traits have been summarized. These five traits include (Barrick2002) 1) Intelligence, 2) Self- confidence, 3) High level of determination, 4) Significant degree of integrity, and 5) Sociability.
Before creating further discussion over the trait approach of leadership, it becomes extremely important for understanding the concept of leadership first. Leadership is basically the possession of ability for influencing others or the groups of individuals for achieving a specific goal or a number of other goals (Bass 2008). As in the form of a process, leadership contributes in shaping up the goals of a particular organization or group, motivation of the behaviour for achieving the goals that have been set and also contributes in defining the culture of the organization and the group as well. In the primary sense, this has been considered as a process for influencing other personalities.