标签存档: 美国代写毕业论文

美国论文代写:绩效管理的优缺点

美国论文代写:绩效管理的优缺点。管理会计有许多优点,通过有效的管理会计风格,组织有可能提高其绩效。管理会计提高了公司的经营效率。公司应该专注于提高所有工作流程的性能。管理会计使实现不同的结果变得非常容易和简单,这直接激励员工表现出更好的业绩。因此,它间接地增加了整个单位的组织的生产力。接下来美国论文代写专家将对绩效管理的优缺点进行以下分析。

管理核算资本预算和预算控制,这种技术的使用,使各公司更容易削减多余的开支,为所有完美的经营。间接铭刻公司的金条,所以公司可以减少其在产品上的增加。财务报表提供了重要的信息和其他管理要求的公司财务报表。管理会计帐户创建一个详细的技术报告,简单易懂的解释(Naoum, 2011)。因此,公司代表了财务报表的关键,并使管理人员采取一些正确的决策为公司的发展。管理团队需要公司管理所需的信息。记录所有的交易是很重要的,可以提高所有部门的业绩。因此,提出的记录的效率取决于这样保持的记录的准确性。个人解读可能来自于管理人员的决策和准备工作。这是基于理解和解释的概率。正确的主题知识使公司不可能做出准确或直接的决定。因此,在一天结束的时候不可能得到有效的结果(Mitchell, 2007)。管理会计的工作内容包括成本会计经济学、财务会计等。对各学科知识的缺乏会影响管理工作的结果,也会影响管理会计工作的更好开展,对各学科知识的掌握对会计人员来说至关重要。

为了实施有助于员工生产力和进一步提高的措施,这些措施的制定特别描述了组织的个人目标。实施评估个人绩效和团队绩效的措施几乎是相同的。它们是平衡计分卡中另一个个体实现个人目标的前提,以获得组织的财务成功,因此在这项工作中,经验提到了工人与动机、生产力和企业结果之间的积极关系。人力资源对于企业战略和财务成本的成功实现起到了至关重要的作用。平衡计分卡更强调学习和成长视角,作为其他使用视角的直接基础,以及它对主要劳动力的重要性,这导致组织获得更多和成功,这是由Applebaum构建的人力资源管理和公司获得之间的关键重要性。知识产权,如人力资本是新兴的竞争和来源的来源组织(Merna和Al-Thani, 2008)。即使在实践中,卡普兰和诺顿的目的,给予模糊资产和人力资本作为一个利益相关者的工作更重要的观点没有观察到,然而,它已经发现,这一消极行为背后的主要原因是困难和复杂性的概念,无形资产的因果比率。这包括员工满意度、员工保留率等,比较难的是这些指标在因果链中的比例。

Management accounting has many advantages and through an effective management accounting style, it is possible for the organization to enhance their performance. The management accounting increases the operational efficiency of the company. The companies should focus on enhancing the performance of all the work processes. The management accounting makes it very easier and simpler for achieving different results and this directly motivates the employees to perform the better performance. Thus, it indirectly increases the productivity of the organization at a whole unit.

Management counting capital budgeting and budgetary control, the uses of this technique make it easier for various companies to cut the excess expenditure for all perfect operations. The indirect inscription the bars of the company, so the company can reduce in order its increasing on the products. The financial statements provide significant information and other management require financial statement of the company. The management accountant accounts create a detailed technical report with easy and simpler interpretations (Naoum, 2011). Thus, the companies represent the key of the financial statements, and enable the managing officers take up some right decisions for the development of the company. The management team requires information for the management of the company. The recording of all the transaction is important and increasing the performance of all the departments. Thus, the efficiency of the record presented relies upon the accuracy of the records thus maintained. Personal interpretation may come from the decision taking and the preparation by the management officers. This is based on the probability of understanding and interpretation. Properly knowledge of subject makes it not possible to the company to come to the accurate or direct decisions. Thus, it becomes not possible to get effective outcomes at the end of the day (Mitchell, 2007). The job description of the management accounting includes cost accounting economics, financial accounting, etc. Lack of knowledge regarding the various subjects can affect the result of the management and for the better working management accounting, which is essential for the accountant to have a clear knowledge of the subjects.

To implement measures that would assist employee productivity and further improvement, development of these measures especially depicts individual objectives for the organization. Implementing measures that assess the individual performance and team performance is almost same. They are preconditioned for achieving individual targets in another individual of the BSC to attain the financial success of the organization, so in this work, experience has mentioned the positive relationship between workers and motivation, productivity and corporate results. HR does play a most significant and pivotal role to make the most prominent and successful realization of corporate strategy and financial, costing success. BSC emphasized more on learning and growth perspective as on the direct basement of other used perspective and its importance towards the main workforce, and this leads to the organization gaining much more and successfully, which is under constructed by Applebaum as a key importance between HRM and company gaining. Intellectual property like Human capital is emerging competitive for and source of source organization (Merna and Al-Thani, 2008). Even though in practice, the aim of Kaplan and Norton view point of giving more importance on vague assets and human capital working as a stakeholder is not observed, however, it has been found that the main reason behind this negative behaviour is the difficulties and complexity of conceptual the cause and effect ratios of intangibles. That includes employees satisfaction, employee retention, etc. it is more difficult the ratios of these measures in cause and effect chain.

以上内容就是美国论文代写专家对绩效管理的优缺点分析。如果同学们没有足够的时间来完成英语论文与作业,论文代写推荐选择美国论文代写AdvancedThesis服务平台。因为其服务公司拥有专业资质的英语论文代写专家团队,保障论文原创质量与合理的论文代写价格,并使用权威的抄袭检测系统,让留学生们轻松应对英语论文写作并创作出专属个人的优秀论文!除此之外,还为留学生提供专业的硕士论文代写、代写毕业论文、essay代写等服务!

代写毕业论文:催化剂的研究分析

代写毕业论文:催化剂的研究分析。利用微光反应器来理解催化反应很大程度上是因为微光反应器提供了表面对体积的增强比例。在催化剂的环境中,固定化性能是确保催化剂在通道壁上处于表面积照明和研究可用性将增加的状态(Smith等人,2005)。由于增加了表面积,这里有很多互动,这确保了研究结果的最大化。不管正在研究的催化剂是什么,可以看到这里的产品本身没有被催化剂污染。接下来代写毕业论文专家将对催化剂进行以下研究与分析。

在理解由于微光反应器而产生的催化反应时,由于催化剂的这些不污染的条件将是一个经常被引用的优势。微光反应器的催化应用通常是在理解废水处理和分析废气的背景下进行的。在废水处理的情况下,有必要了解处理废水中存在的各种污染物的不同方法。除了废水中存在的可过滤元素外,还注意到以污染物形式存在的元素,如COD、氮化合物等。为了确保通过催化湿式氧化的方式清除这些元素,废水处理必须采用在高温高压条件下引入催化剂的工艺(拜耳等人,2000年)。这种形式的系统更有利,因为使用微光反应器主要不会导致产品污染(在这种情况下是水),因为微光反应器催化不像其他形式的污染。运行成本低得多,也是一种环保的方法。装置设计更紧凑,催化法既不会除臭也不会脱色。这些是现有废水清洗系统中存在的一些问题。合成产物通常是高性能水(Lob等人,2004)。以这种形式存在于水中的一些常见的COD成分包括福尔马林、二恶烷、甲醇、甲酸、苯酚等。此外,还会有类似硫的化合物,以酮、四氢呋喃(THF)、甲基乙基酮(MEK)、甲醇、对苯二甲酸、乙二醇、季戊四醇等形式存在。在净水环境中使用微光反应器的光催化的一些优点是,与其他任何方法相比,其效果可以实现更好的最佳降解。例如,考虑光催化氧化,只要温度变化很小,就不会影响催化过程(Guo et al, 2008)。在温度非常高的地方降解会被加强而不需要改变太多的pH值。氧凝聚可以是一个常数,不会有影响。研究进一步表明,在活性炭和二氧化硅的情况下进行光催化可以获得更好的吸附剂效率。

一些光催化微光反应器的应用是关于l -哌啶甲酸的合成。Takei等人利用自制的微光反应器装置,研究了l -赖氨酸方案下l -哌齐酸54的合成方法。它是典型的自制微芯片(Guo et al, 2008)。批量实验也进行了并行,发现在批处理系统的情况下,转化率在一个小时的时间周期内实现,而在微光反应器技术的情况下,转化率在1分钟或更适当的0.86分钟内实现(Benaglia, 2009)。这表明,在微光反应器的情况下,该工艺是非常有效的。然而,在批处理系统中,产生的量要高得多,在微光反应器系统中,产生的量平均为2.8乘以10的负10 mol / min次方。虽然这可能被认为是一个显著的缺点,这里需要注意的一个重要因素是微光反应器将允许使用集群,所以通过使用更多的微反应器将可能解决这个问题(Wenn等人,2014)。

These terms of non-contamination because of the catalyst will be an oft quoted advantage when it comes to understanding catalytic reactions because of micro-photo reactor. The catalytic application of the micro-photo reactor is usually in the context of understanding waste water treatment and that of analyzing exhaust air. In the case of waste water treatments, there is a need to understand the different ways to treat the range of pollutants that are present in waste water. In addition to the filterable elements that are present in the waste water, it is also noticed that there are elements in the form of pollutants such as COD, nitrogen compounds and more. In ensuring the cleaning up of such elements by means of a catalytic wet oxidation it becomes necessary for waste water treatment to make use of processes where under high temperature and pressure conditions the catalyst would be introduced (Bayer, et al, 2000). This form of system is more advantageous as the use of the micro-photo reactor primarily does not lead to pollution of the product (in this case it is water) because micro-photo reactor catalysis will not contaminate unlike the other forms. The running cost is much lower and this is an environmentally friendly method too. The plant design is much more compact and the catalysis method will neither deodorize the water and nor will it decolorize it. These are some issues that are present in existing systems of waste water cleaning. The resultant product is usually high performance water (Lob et al, 2004). Some of the common COD components that are present in such forms of water are that of formalin, dioxane, methyl alcohol, formic acid, phenol and more. In addition, there would be sulfur like compounds in the form of tone, tertahydrofuran (THF), methyl ethyl ketone (MEK), methyl alcohol, terephthalic acid, ethylene glycol, pentaerythritol etc. Some of the advantages of the photo catalysis in the context of purifying water that leads to the use of micro-photo reactor is that of its effect to achieve a better optimum degradation compared to any other. For instance, consider photocatalytic oxidation where the temperature changes would not affect the process of catalysis as long as they are minor (Guo et al, 2008). Where there are very high temperatures then it would happen that the degradation will actually be enhanced without much pH change involved. Oxygen concertation could be a constant here and would not have an impact. Research studies further more indicate that photo catalysis in the case of activated carbon and silica would result in a better adsorbent efficiency.

Some of the photocatalytic micro-photo reactorapplications are with respect to the synthesis of L-Pipecolinic acid. Researchers Takei et al studied how to synthesize L-pipecolinic acid 54 in the L-lysine scheme by means of a micro-photo reactor device that was made at home. It was quintessentially a homemade microchip (Guo et al, 2008). A batch experiment was also conducted in parallel and it was found that in the case of the batch system, the conversion rate was achieved in a time period of an hour, whereas in the case of micro-photo reactor technology the conversion rate was achieved in the context of 1 minute or more properly in 0.86 minutes (Benaglia, 2009). This indicated that the process was much efficient in the case of the micro-photo reactor. However, in the case of the Batch systems, the amount produced was much higher and in the case of the micro-photo reactor system, the amount produced was in the average of 2.8 multiplied by ten to the power minus ten mol per minute. While this could be considered as a significant disadvantage, an important element to notice here is that micro-photo reactor would allow the use of clustering, so by the use of more micro reactors it would be possible to address this issue (Wenn et al, 2014).

以上内容就是代写毕业论文专家对催化剂的研究分析。如果同学们没有足够的时间来完成英语论文与作业,论文代写推荐选择美国论文代写AdvancedThesis服务平台。因为其服务公司拥有专业资质的英语论文代写专家团队,保障论文原创质量与合理的论文代写价格,并使用权威的抄袭检测系统,让留学生们轻松应对英语论文写作并创作出专属个人的优秀论文!除此之外,还为留学生提供专业的硕士论文代写、代写毕业论文、essay代写等服务!

美国论文代写:社交媒体研究背景

美国论文代写:社交媒体研究背景。社交媒体是一个集合术语,指的是通过网站和web应用程序实现的不同在线交流渠道,用户可以在这些渠道中创建内容,分享和参与社区意图。在商业意义上,这种新时代的媒体工具是重要的,因为用户交流关于商业产品的各种信息,并相互教育关于产品、服务和品牌。根据Netpop Research(2012)和Emarketer(2013)的研究,社交媒体用户的比例正在上升,因此企业品牌、产品和服务的交流也越来越多。接下来美国论文代写专家将对社交媒体研究背景进行以下分析。

过去几十年的技术发展导致了社交媒体使用量的增加。Facebook和Instagram等社交网站和twitter等微博客社交网站是使用社交媒体的重要范例。Netpop Research(2012)指出,自2007年以来,社交媒体使用量增长了356%,而且这个比例还在增长。使用社交媒体的用户也在增加。Emarketer(2013)发现超过17.3亿人使用社交营销网站,这包括来自不同人群的人。Statista表示,2017年英国的社交媒体用户数量为390亿,预计2018年将为4200万,增长超过58%至62% (Statista, 2018)。社交媒体使用的增加对企业有很大的影响,因为它打开了无数的营销机会。随着社交媒体的出现,人们可以与许多人就他们从企业获得的产品或服务进行交流。传统的传播和营销形式现在可以被整合营销传播所取代,利用社交媒体和电子口碑营销。然而,社交媒体工具和市场营销并不都是正面的。正如研究人员Mangold和Faulds(2009)所认为的,在市场中,社交媒体和它所产生的c2c交流可以使商业产品或服务的一些缺点被放大。在这种背景下,企业有必要在组织营销策略时将社交媒体作为一个坚实的方面。这项工作具体考虑了中小企业如何利用社交媒体的背景。

所有这些以电子口碑传播的形式分享的品牌和商业信息都可能影响品牌营销,这使得企业通过考虑社交媒体的影响来调整他们的营销策略至关重要。Mangold和Faulds(2009)认为,在社交媒体环境下,每一次交流都显得紧张或加剧。除此之外,还有失控的问题。营销经理和企业可以控制有关其业务的信息如何描述的某些方面,但他们不能总是控制社交媒体对话的频率、时间和内容。此外,即使营销策略转向新的领域,信息共享仍在继续,因为信息在万维网中从未真正消亡。因此,企业必须谨慎使用社交媒体进行营销。特别是,小型企业和创业型初创企业,实现稳定性和可扩展性的时间要短得多,必须格外注意他们在社交媒体上的描述。

中小企业是世界各国经济发展的重要组成部分,可以为世界经济发展做出巨大贡献。截至2018年,英国约有570万家私营企业。中小企业占私营部门企业的近99.3%,总就业人数约为1610万人,占私营部门就业人数的近60% (FSB, 2018)。此外,中小企业具有竞争力,这就是社交媒体的作用变得关键的地方。社交媒体对于中小企业发展与客户的关系和影响消费者的决定是有用的。像Michaelidou, Siamagka和Christodoulides(2011)这样的研究工作确定了英国企业是如何利用社交媒体营销使用机会的。Ainin等人(2015)对英国、美国、澳大利亚和印度等国中小企业及其使用的比较视角进行了分析。然而,许多关于社交媒体营销的研究工作并没有真正关注中小企业和创业企业的具体问题,往往使用适用于宏观公司的数据,在评估英国中小企业社交媒体使用的性质方面发现了研究差距。本研究将填补这一空白,并试图分析社交媒体和社交电商如何影响中小企业消费者的决策过程。

Technology development of the last few decades has led to increase of social media usage. Social networking sites such as Facebook and Instagram and microblogging social sites such as twitter are some significant exemplars of social media usage. Netpop Research (2012) identified a 356 percent rise in social media usage since 2007 and the percentage is still growing. The segment of users that make use of social media has risen as well. Emarketer (2013) identifies more than 1.73 billion people using social marketing sites and this includes people from different population segments. Statista presents the number of social media users in the United Kingdom as 39 billion in 2017 and estimates for 2018 were 42 million, which is more than a 58 percent to 62 percent increase (Statista, 2018). Increased social media use has much implications for businesses because of numerous marketing opportunities that it opens. With the emergence of social media, it is possible for people to communicate with many people about products or services they receive from businesses. Traditional forms of communication and marketing can now be replaced by integrated marketing communication that makes use of social media and electronic word of mouth marketing. However, everything is not positive about social media tools and marketing. As researchers Mangold and Faulds (2009) argue, in the market place, the social media and the consumer-to-consumer communication that it generates can make some cons of the business product or service appear magnified. Given this context, it is necessary for businesses to factor in social media as a solid aspect when they organize their marketing strategies. This work in specific considers the context of how SMEs have made use of social media.

All these brand and business information shared in the form of electronic word of mouth could affect brand marketing and this makes it vital for businesses to align their marketing strategy by considering the impact of social media. As Mangold and Faulds (2009) argue, every communication appears intense or exacerbated in social media context. Added to this, it is the issue of loss of control. The marketing manager and the business can control some aspects of how information is portrayed about their business, but they cannot always control the frequency, timing and content of social media’s conversations. Moreover, the information share goes on even as the marketing strategy moves to new grounds, as information never really dies in the world wide web. Businesses hence have to be careful about how they wield social media into their marketing efforts. In particular, small scale businesses and entrepreneurial start-ups which have a much shorter time towards achieving stability and scalability have to pay extra attention to how they are portrayed in social media.

Small and medium enterprises (SMEs) are important for the economy and can make a lot of contributions in every country. As of 2018, in the United Kingdom, there were around 5.7 million private sector businesses. SMEs account for nearly 99.3 percent in private sector businesses and total employment they generate is around 16.1 million, which is nearly 60 percent of private sector employment (FSB, 2018). SMEs furthermore are competitive, and this is where the role of the social media becomes pivotal. Social media is useful for SMEs to develop relationships with customers and influence consumer decisions. Research works like Michaelidou, Siamagka and Christodoulides (2011) identify how social media marketing usage opportunities are exploited by businesses within the United Kingdom. Comparative perspectives on SMEs and their use in countries like the United Kingdom, USA, Australia and India have been analysed by researchers like Ainin et al. (2015). However, much of the research work on social media marketing are not really focused on issues specific to SMEs and entrepreneurial ventures and tend to use data applicable across macro firms and a research gap is identified for assessing the nature of social media usage with respect to SMEs in UK. This research will fill in this gap and seek to analyse how social media and social e-commerce can influence consumers’ decision-making process in SMEs.

以上内容就是美国论文代写专家对社交媒体研究背景的分析。如果同学们没有足够的时间来完成英语论文与作业,论文代写推荐选择美国论文代写AdvancedThesis服务平台。因为其服务公司拥有专业资质的英语论文代写专家团队,保障论文原创质量与合理的论文代写价格,并使用权威的抄袭检测系统,让留学生们轻松应对英语论文写作并创作出专属个人的优秀论文!除此之外,还为留学生提供专业的硕士论文代写、代写毕业论文、essay代写等服务!

美国代写:特朗普总统竞选信息的媒体文本

美国代写:特朗普总统竞选信息的媒体文本。美国这项研究分析了唐纳德·特朗普总统竞选信息的媒体文本。媒介文本分析包括对媒介信息、图像等的分析,并分析受众是如何构建信息的。来自唐纳德·特朗普竞选页面的“唐纳德·特朗普让美国再次伟大”是理解批评话语分析的一个很好的例子。这项工作的目的是应用不同形式的媒体文本分析,并将媒体文本置于观众的语境中。接下来美国代写迃将对特朗普总统竞选信息的媒体文本进行以下分析。

出售的图像不能被称为虚假,因为它们所呈现的信息并不完全是虚假的。在开放文化艺术品供公众讨论时,它们有时会相互联系,产生神话(Durham et al. 5;大厅10)。这些图像更像是神话,因此可以伪装成事实和虚构的结合,而且大多是夸大的事实(Fiske & Sullivan 471;Hebdige 120)。例如,一块土地的文化和这块土地的成功可以与一个人的成功并行呈现。能够批判地分析这些元素的观众能够理解信息是什么,另一方面,不能应用批判分析的观众能够看到为他们设计的信息。他们将土地的成功与人联系起来。“让美国再次伟大”不再被理解为政府,以及当选机构齐心协力让美国再次伟大,而是与一个人联系在一起,这个人就是特朗普。这条信息的受众随后意识到,他们需要特朗普让美国再次伟大。巴斯认为这是“意识形态滥用”(巴特11)。根据巴特的观点,意识形态滥用存在于媒介和文化中,也存在于传播中;就像正在分析的信息一样,可以看出,这种使用意识形态来连接两个不同元素的影响。“一个符号的意义可以被用作更高层次符号的能指”(巴特114)。正在分析的视频中的文字信息显示,这与特朗普有关。美国的不同方面,人民的力量等都是与个人的特朗普共同呈现的,因此这些元素往往意味着类似于对特朗普的更高理解。在显示意识形态滥用情况的竞选信息中观察到的一些神话如下。他说,“我们不会输”,“我们代表什么”。在这里,他发起了自己的竞选活动,就像他正在演讲的人民的竞选活动一样。听着竞选信息的听众认为,特朗普的战斗就是他们的战斗。这是因为向他们兜售的意识形态。

“特朗普”这个词的形象就像一个品牌一样被出售。在竞选活动中,人们手里的卡片上都写着“特朗普”这个词。演讲台上有“特朗普”这个词。这个词就像一个品牌。可以说,特朗普的名字不是政党的象征,而是作为一个品牌出现在这里。这个品牌如何影响受众是一个重要的分析作为文本本身。事实上,在评估受众如何看待文本时,可以理解活动创建者使用的一种反向工程方法。

观众是一个由个体组成的集体(哈特利11;利文斯通193)。当向听众传递信息时,使用听众的语言作为一种技巧,使信息更加真实。当人们发现与自己有相似之处时,他们能够与他人建立联系(Kellner 7;伯吉斯201)。在这条竞选信息中,有很多人表达了对特朗普的支持,这些人是普通民众。因此,人们将能够更多地联系到他们的口头信息,并将发现活动更值得信任。

正如本文所述,社会和文化因素在信息的产生中起着重要作用。例如,基于文化的元素,如代表不同种族将有助于接触主流观众。就特朗普的政治竞选而言,他有必要接触到不同的受众群体。视频中展示了不同文化背景和肤色的人。这些人对特朗普和他打算为美国做的事情表示支持。在信息的制作中使用这些类型的陈述,使其对社会中不同文化和种族的人具有吸引力。

最后,可以看到,在整个媒体文本,不同的电视报道的特朗普竞选呈现。这再次向观众强调,特朗普的竞选活动被所有频道大量报道。这增加了活动的重要性,是有用的营销元素,因为这样的覆盖面将突出活动的成功。

The images being sold cannot be called as a falsehood because the information they present would not be completely false. In opening up cultural artefacts for public discussion they sometimes interlink to produce myths (Durham et al. 5; Hall 10). The images are more like myths and hence can be disguised as a combination of fact and fiction, and mostly exaggerated facts (Fiske & Sullivan 471; Hebdige 120). For instance, the culture of a land and the success of the land could be presented in parallel with some success of a person. An audience the critically dissects these elements would understand the message for what it is, on the other hand, the audience that does not apply critical analysis would see the message as it is framed for them. They will connect success of the land with the person. “Making America great again’ ceases to be understood as the government and the elected institutions working as one to make America great again, and instead becomes associated with the person, which in this case is Trump. The audience of the message then perceive that they need Trump to make American great again. Bathes presents this as “ideological abuse” (Barthes 11). Ideological abuse is present in media and culture according to Barthes and in communication; messages as if the one being analysed, it can be seen that there is an influence of such use of ideology to connect two different elements. “The meaning from one sign can be used as the signifier of a higher order of the sign” (Barthes 114). The textual messages in the case of this video being analysed showed such connection to Trump. Different aspects of the United States, people power and more are collectively presented with the individual-Trump and hence these elements tend to signify similar such higher understanding of Trump. Some of the myths that are observed in the campaign message which shows situations of ideological abuse are as follows. He states, “we are not going to lose”, and “what we stand for”. Here he has made his campaign, as the campaign of the people he is addressing. The audience in listening to the campaign message believe that the fight of Trump is their fight. This is because of the ideology being sold to them.

Production of Message and Audience Implications

The image of the word ‘Trump’ is sold like a brand. People holding up cards in the campaign have the word Trump on them. The speaker’s podium has the word Trump. The word is presented like a brand. Instead of the party symbol, it could be argued that the name of Trump is what is presented as a brand here. How this brand affects the audience is an important an analysis as the text itself. In fact, when assessing how audience view the text, a form of reverse engineering of the method used by the campaign creator could be understood.

The audience is a collective group of individuals (Hartley 11; Livingstone 193). When conveying a message to an audience, using the words of the audience works as a technique to make the message more authentic (Livingston 193). People are able to connect with others when they perceive similarities with themselves (Kellner 7; Burgess 201). In this campaign message, there are many people showing their support for Trump, and these are the common public. People hence would be able to relate to their verbal messages more and would find the campaign more trustworthy.

Social and cultural factors play a major role in the production of messages as evident in this text. For instance, culture-based elements like representation of diverse races would be helpful in reaching out to the mainstream audience. In the case of Trump’s political campaign, it would have been necessary for Trump to reach out to a diverse segment of audience. People of different cultural backgrounds and colour are presented in the video. These people present supportive opinion of Trump and what he intends to do for the United States. Using these kinds of statements in the production of the message makes it appealing to people of different cultures and races within society.

Finally, it could be observed that throughout the media text, different television coverage of the Trump campaign is presented. Once again, this is to highlight to the audience that Trump’s campaign is significantly covered by all channels. This adds to the importance of the campaign and is useful as a marketing element as such coverage would highlight the campaign as a success.

以上内容就是美国代写专家对特朗普总统竞选信息的媒体文本分析。如果留学生们没有足够的时间来完成英语论文与作业,论文代写推荐选择美国论文代写AdvancedThesis服务平台。因为其服务公司拥有专业资质的英语论文写手团队,保障论文原创质量与合理的论文代写价格,并使用权威的抄袭检测系统,让留学生们轻松应对英语论文写作并创作出专属个人的优秀论文!除此之外,还为留学生提供专业的硕士论文代写、毕业论文代写、essay代写等服务!

美国代写:气候变化对企业的影响分析

美国代写:气候变化对企业的影响分析。候变化对财务报表的影响正在迅速增长,对于企业来说,当务之急是拿出解决当前问题和长期问题的方案。目前的商业模式对公司来说是不够的。他们需要找到办法,确保满足人民和投资者的要求。企业需要获得创新,并专注于优化资源,以实现变革。在这个体系中,金融研究认为这些都是非核心领域。企业需要理解私营企业和气候变化的影响,保险的因素,满足底线和金融机构。在将气候变化理论转化为现实的过程中,所有的利益相关者都将受到影响。接下来美国代写将分析下气候变化对企业的影响。

气候变化的情况令人很不满意。不同部门的组织和企业已经接受了这样一个观点,即他们必须找到方法来创建一个有凝聚力的商业计划来应对气候变化(Abatzoglou等人,2014)。然而,这些仍然是一个整体的想法,而不是实际的实施。该分析的论点是,尽管公司面临财务和维持问题,但每个公司都有特定的独特和创新的解决方案,可以用来解决气候变化的因素。在这个分析中,它将显示,公司被驱动以满足他们的底线和利益相关者的有形要求。所有公司都有满足利益相关者要求的受信义务。这种模式的最大挑战包括如何开始和构建有利可图且环境友好的业务案例的不确定性。整个社会传递的信息是复杂的。有一些人继续否认气候变化的影响或影响的真实性。这些都阻碍了社会的发展。公司本质上是为了满足利益相关者的需求而存在的,这给公司带来了一个问题。他们不能满足利益相关者的要求,并导致公司内部工作的变化(联合国,2015)。这通常是因为缺乏解决这些问题的内部计划。缺乏数据来说服利益相关者和财务困难的问题。这一分析的意义将表明,公司需要有形和内在的意识形态的改变来解决问题。尽管这些公司试图设定目标,但缺乏一个有凝聚力的行动计划。它们被用来应对重大挑战。公司的监管机构需要找到方法来确保业务满足这些目标,从而制定计划。

必须对流程进行评估,以理解流程中可能存在的差距。这个评估过程可以表明,如果人们对社区有既得利益,如果他们能够满足情况的财政需求,就可以有过程。这是一个简单的解决方案,需要改变公司的商业模式(Dauvergne & Lister, 2013)。这些公司需要应对这些变化,并确保它们满足财务需求。许多上市公司都被要求将与公司业务有关的事件通知股东。然而,政府法规不足以威胁到公司的投诉(Franks et al., 2014)。他们正在寻找增加利润率的方法。这一举措促使批评人士认为,股东受到了这一过程的影响。全球变暖和气候变化带来的经济威胁继续阻碍着这些公司的发展。目前,希望企业形象积极的投资者会遵循一些气候变化的方法。公司有必要对他们的商业模式进行全面的改变,以满足公司的要求。这些技术可以被认为是社会所需要的全面改革的更广泛变革的开始步骤。因此,从对备选方案的评价来看,我们可以暗示,对这些公司的改变目前处于提议的基本水平。必须根据所需要的情况的动态需求进行更多的更改。

The situation for the climate change leaves a lot to be desired. Organizations and businesses across the different sectors have accepted that they must find ways to create a cohesive business plan to address the climate change (Abatzoglou et al., 2014). However, these continue to remain as an overall idea rather than actual implementation. Thesis statement for this analysis is that in spite of the financial and sustenance issues that the companies face, there are certain unique and innovative solutions for each company that can be used to address the factors of climate change. In this analysis, it will be shown that companies are driven to meet their bottom line and the tangible requests of stakeholders. All the companies have a fiduciary duty to meet the requirement of the stakeholders.The top challenges of this schema include the uncertainty as to how to begin and build the business case that is lucrative and environmentally friendly. The society as a whole has mixed messages. There are certain groups of people who continue to deny the climate change impacts or the veracity of the impacts. These impede the society. The company essentially exists to meet the stakeholder demand and this causes an issue for the company. They are not able to meet the demands of the stakeholder and cause changes in the internal working of the company (United Nations, 2015).This typically arises from the lack of the internal plan to address these issues. There is a lack of data to convince the stakeholders and issues of financial hardships. Significance of this analysis will indicate that the companies need tangible and intrinsic ideology change to address the issues. Even though the companies try to set goal, there is a lack in creation of a cohesive plan for action. They are used for significant challenges. The regulators of the company need to find ways to ensure that the business meets these objectives to create a plan.

It is imperative to evaluate the processes to understand the possible gaps in the process. This process of evaluation can show that if the people have vested interest for the community and if they are able to meet the financial demands of the situation, there can be process. This is an easy solution that requires the changing of the business model of the companies (Dauvergne & Lister, 2013). The companies need to address these changes and ensure that they meet the financial needs. Many of the public companies are required to inform the shareholders of events that relate to the business. However, the government regulations are not enough a threat for the companies to be complaint (Franks et al., 2014). They are looking for ways to increase the margin of profit. This move has prompted the critics to argue that the shareholder is impacted by this process. The economic threat of global warming and climate change continues to be a hindrance for the companies. Currently, the investors who want a corporate image to be positive are observed to follow some methods of climate change. There is a need for the companies to bring in a comprehensive change in their business model to meet the requirement of the corporate companies. These techniques can be considered as an inception step for the broader changes of comprehensive reforms that are needed for the societies. Hence from evaluation of the alternative, it is alluded that the changes for the companies are currently at a basic level that is proposed. There must be more changes that are based on the dynamic requirements of the situation that is needed.

以上内容就是美国代写对气候变化对企业的影响分析。若要问美国代写哪家更专业可靠?论文代写推荐留学生们选择美国论文代写AdvancedThesis服务平台。因为其服务公司拥有专业资质的英语论文写手团队,保障论文原创质量与合理的论文代写价格,并使用权威的抄袭检测系统,让留学生们轻松应对英语论文写作并创作出专属个人的优秀论文!除此之外,还为留学生提供专业的硕士论文代写、毕业论文代写、essay代写等服务!

代写毕业论文:领导追随力

代写毕业论文:领导追随力。追随力是一个用来解释处于从属地位的人的行为的术语。它基于一套特定的技能。追随的类型是基于补充型领导的各个方面。这些是在等级组织中所扮演的角色。这些都是基于社会建构,而社会建构是领导过程的组成部分。与追随者相关的研究可以被定义为一个新兴的领域,它可以解释人们的特定结果。在接下来的内容中,代写毕业论文将对领导追随力进行以下分析与讨论。

在给定的案例研究中,跟随者的角色是一个有权力的角色。领导人本人以一种更积极的方式处理了赋予他们权力的问题。马屁精是说“是”的人。他们试图同意领导的所有反馈。他们朝着与组织价值观冲突的方向前进。它们没有指出系统中的问题,也没有提出目标。他们服从领导的需要。在这种情况下,不是每个人都是对的人,每个人都有权发出自己独特的声音,或者通过工会发出集体的声音。作为一个真正的领导者和一个服务型领导者,总经理以这种方式授权员工。

批评者是马屁精的对立面。他们试图挑战和质疑领导。这可以带来积极的发展。然而,不断的批评可能对公司的运营过程有害。这些可能会妨碍公司的运作。公司里的现实主义者习惯于提出建设性的批评。他们同意主要的意识形态。以防不同意这种意识形态。他们倾向于挑战领导者。他们试图提供建设性的替代方案来帮助领导者或组织实现他们的目标。公司的忠实拥护者是真正的支持者。他们高度投入,努力工作以支持领导。因为在公司工作了很长一段时间,所以大部分追随者都是“忠实者”。没有太多的数据来了解员工受到了多少批评。然而,有数据表明,他们把谈判带到谈判桌上来,因此可以认为,相当多的建设性批评确实存在。

公司的一些人通常选择做观察员。他们不提供任何形式的反馈。他们朝着需要的方向努力,不同意也不反对。他们选择成为公司的成员,如果他们是沉默的旁观者。公司的马屁精还有一种更微妙的形式,那就是机会主义者。他们正在寻找利用领导者的方法。在这个图式中,人们不仅仅是一种追随者。他们可以是两个角色的混合体。很难根据不同的意识形态对人进行分类。在PA,观察者和机会的混合可能存在。然而,一般人是根据他们为公司服务的态度来挑选的。可以说,问题和担忧被削弱了。

也许组织中最强的跟随者形式是参与者跟随者。当组织试图产生影响时,参与者对下属的关心是必要的。参与者追随者同意领导者的观点,如果他们不同意领导者的观点,他们会质疑领导者的行为。这些是主要的追随者风格,他们是任何领导者最有价值的追随者。现在,MDs的很多想法都是独特的,因此拥有正确的追随者风格对公司来说是非常必要的,可以说PA拥有这种正确的追随者风格混合。

In the given case study, the role of the follower is an empowered one. The leader himself has taken up the case of their empowerment in a more active manner. Sycophants are the people who are the “yes” people. They try to agree with all the feedback of the leader. They head towards the direction that would conflict with the values of the organization. They do not point to the issues in the system nor do they raise objectives. They defer to the needs of the leader. Now in the given case, not everybody are yes people, and everybody have the authority to raise their unique voice, or collective voice through unionization. As both an authentic leader and a servant leader, the MD has empowered people this way.

The critics are the opposite of sycophants. They try to challenge and question the leader. This can lead to positive development. However, the constant criticism can be detrimental to the operational process of the company. These can impede the process of the company. The realists of the company are used to provide constructive criticism. They agree with the main ideologies. In case of not agreeing with the ideology. They tend to challenge the leader. They try to offer constructive alternatives to aid the leader or the organizations to meet their aims. The loyalist of the company is the genuine supporters. They are highly engaged and they work hard to support the leader. More of the company followers are loyalists given that they have stayed with the company for a long time. There is not much data to understand how much of criticism the employees involve in. However, data is there to indicate that they bring their negotiations to the table so it could be argued that a fair amount of constructive criticism is indeed present.

Some people of the company usually choose to be observers. They do not provide any form of feedback. They work towards what is needed and do not agree not disagree. They choose to be members of the company that were they silent spectators. A more nuances form of sycophants of the company is the opportunist. They are looking for ways to use the leader. In this schema, the people are not only one kind of followers. They can be a mixture of two characters. It is difficult to categorize the people based on the different kinds of ideologies. In PA, the mix of observers, and opportunities might exist. However, as the general population are handpicked based on their attitude to serve with the company. it could be said that issues and concerns are undermined.

Perhaps the strongest form of follower in the organization is the participant follower. The participant care of followership is necessary when the organizations are trying to make impact. The participant follower agrees with the leader and question the leader’s action if they do not agree with the leadership. These are the main follower style and they are the most valuable followers for any leader. Now, much of the MDs ideas are unique, and hence having the right followership style is a strong necessity for the company and it could be argued that PA has this right followership style mix.

以上内容就是代写毕业论文对领导追随力的分析与讨论。若要问代写毕业论文哪家更专业可靠?论文代写推荐留学生们选择美国论文代写AdvancedThesis服务平台。因为其服务公司拥有专业资质的英语论文写手团队,保障论文原创质量与合理的论文代写价格,并使用权威的抄袭检测系统,让留学生们轻松应对英语论文写作并创作出专属个人的优秀论文!除此之外,还为留学生提供专业的硕士论文代写、毕业论文代写、essay代写等服务!

美国代写:对价的性质对商誉计算的影响

美国代写:对价的性质对商誉计算的影响。对价的性质以及它如何影响商誉的计算在收购公司和公司被收购在这里介绍。对价的性质将对商誉产生影响。就收购对价而言,可以这样说,对价是收购方先前持有的与他们所收购的业务有关的权益的公允价值。国际财务报告准则3(修订)中一些最重要的变化是与购买对价有关的,现在包括了收购方可能在被收购业务中先前持有的所有权益的公允价值。这包括对联营或合资企业的任何权益,或被收购企业的其他股权权益。接下来美国代写专家对价的性质对商誉计算的影响分析如下。

考虑将包括基于其他股权利益的联营或合资企业的任何利益。在评估任何此类先前的股份时,如果当时确实确定了股份,则该股份被理解为为了收购实体而放弃,并在处置时记录了收益或损失。因此,在收购时,如果收购方在此之前对该实体有一定的权益,那么现有的权益也会被重新衡量(赫尔曼等人,2016)。这种计量是以公允价值进行的,以确保损益表的变动被充分记录。以往记录的收益将根据具体情况进行评估。当这样的重新评估完成后,收益或损失将被确认。当股份的价值增加时,收益将被确认。如果收购方对该公司的权益的账面价值高于该公司的公允价值,则应确认亏损。每一项损益将在综合损益表中确认。更多情况下,损失情况不会发生。然而,这种形式的或有考虑必须以不同的方式进行评估(Sacui, 2016)。即使该或有对价在取得时不需要给付,仍有必要确认对价。债务或有对价必须与商誉相对确认,作为一项负债。

因此,对价现在被理解为负债的增加,并由商誉确认。“子公司业绩良好负债的增加会导致损益表中的费用,而业绩低于目标会导致预期付款的减少,并会在损益表中作为收益记录。”这些变化以前是根据商誉进行记录的”(ACCA, 2016年,第3段)。8)。

此外,在评估对价时,还必须承认对价的性质。检查对价的性质是否符合负债或权益的定义是很重要的。当或有对价的性质与股权相匹配时,将不按照国际会计准则第32/39号重新计量。这与仅根据商誉衡量对价的历史做法形成了鲜明对比。衡量或有对价的新做法是在收购时对其进行公平估值,这将增加在开始时对公允价值计算的关注和注意,因此将对随后的重新计量产生影响。此时的标准要求记录任何负面的善意。负商誉基本上是任何廉价购买的收益。这种形式的商誉被记录在损益表中。另一个变化是,交易成本将不再被视为收购价格的一部分。交易费用将作为发生的费用在当前计算中进行评估。交易费用必须作为已发生的费用呈现,不会作为收购期间支付给卖主的费用的一部分进行评估。此外,使用这些考虑标准有助于澄清基于员工份额的支付形式等。此外,它为未来的服务提供了急需的业务薪酬、合并等估值指导,在本例中为收购公司Expander Plc的未来计划。

或有股份的报价估计约为40亿英镑。现在,由于Expander在被收购前并不持有任何价值,所以不需要重新衡量对价。计量仅按交易时的公允价值进行。

Consideration will include any interest in associate or joint venture based on other equity interests as well. When assessing any such previous stake, if a stake is indeed identified then, it is understood as being given up in order to acquire the entity and have a gain or loss recorded at the time of disposal. At the time of acquisition, therefore, if the acquirer has some interest in the entity prior, then the existing stake is also re-measured (Hellman et al., 2016). Such a measurement is carried out at fair value in order to ensure that movements to income statement are recorded in full. Gains in previous recordings are assessed in context. What happens when such a reassessment is done is that a gain or a loss would be recognized. A gain will be recognized when the value of the stake increases. A loss would be recognized if the interest that the acquirer has with respect to the company has a higher book value in comparison to the fair value of the business. Each of these loss and gain will be recognized in the comprehensive income statement. More often the loss situation would not occur. However, this form of contingent consideration will have to be assessed differently (Sacui, 2016). Even if the contingent consideration in question need not be paid out at the time of acquisition, it is still necessary to recognize the consideration. Debt contingent consideration will have to be recognized against goodwill, as a liability.

Consideration hence is now understood as an increase in liability and is recognized against goodwill. “An increase in the liability for good performance by the subsidiary results in an expense in the income statement and under-performance against targets will result in the reduction in the expected payment and will be recorded as a gain in the income statement. These changes were previously recorded against goodwill” (ACCA, 2016, para. 8).

In addition, when assessing the consideration, it is also necessary to acknowledge the nature of the consideration. The nature of the consideration will be important to check whether it matches against definitions of liability or equity. When the nature of contingent consideration matches against equity then re-measurement will not be done as per IAS 32/39. This contrasts against the historic practice of just measuring consideration on goodwill. The new practice of measuring contingent consideration which is fair valued at acquisition will increase focus and attention on the fair value calculations at the opening itself and hence will have an impact on subsequent re-measurements. The standard at this point requires for any negative good will to be recorded. Negative goodwill is basically gain made on any bargain purchase. This form of goodwill is recorded in the income statement. Another change is that the transactions costs will no longer be considered as part of the acquisition price. Transaction costs would be assessed in current calculations as expenses as incurred. The transactions costs have to be presented as incurred and will not be assessed as part of payment made to the seller of the business during acquisition. In addition, the use of these consideration standards helps clarify the form of employee share based payments and more. In addition, it provides much needed valuation guidance for business compensation, combinations etc. for the future services, in this case the future plans of the acquiring company Expander Plc.

The offer of contingent shares is estimated at around £4,000 million. Now since Expander does not hold any value before their acquisition, there need not be any re-measurement of consideration. The measurement is only done at fair value at the time of trading.

以上内容就是美国代写对对价的性质对商誉计算的影响的分析。如果留学生没有足够的时间来完成英语论文与作业,论文代写推荐留学生们选择美国论文代写AdvancedThesis服务平台。因为其服务公司拥有专业资质的英语论文写手团队,保障论文原创质量与合理的论文代写价格,并使用权威的抄袭检测系统,让留学生们轻松应对英语论文写作并创作出专属个人的优秀论文!除此之外,还为留学生提供专业的硕士论文代写、毕业论文代写、essay代写等服务!

代写毕业论文:哈密顿量理论

代写毕业论文:哈密顿量理论。这些哈密顿量理论的本征态被认为是基于具有单个 4 动量的粒子的数量来定义的。在这种情况下,没有在完整的洛伦兹或庞加莱变换中确定的有限酉表示。这些源于洛伦兹助推器的非紧凑性。接下来代写毕业论文专家将对哈密顿理论进行分析与讨论。

Lorentz boosts 可以定义为发生在 Minkowski 中的旋转,沿空间和时间轴的线使用。在这个系统中,可以使用自旋 1/2 粒子的情况。认为不可能找到包括有限维表示以及标量积的构造,该标量积与在每篇文章中观察到的 4 分量狄拉克旋量之间存在的关系的表示保持一致。这些旋量变换由伽马矩阵生成的洛伦兹变换。这些被认为是保留的标量产品的一部分。这不是肯定的。该表述不能也不被视为单一表述。发现标准模型的粒子属于不可约表示。这些被表示为 Poincare 群、guage groip 及其酉群函数的乘积。这些被发现定义了标准模型的对称组。完整的对称群具有对称群的剩余部分。它们通常在自然界中被破坏。

庞加莱对称性流经物质在较小尺度上的不对称分布。这些是基于质子和中子的质量。这些世代通过不同质量的电子世代移动。两个不可约的费米子表示是夸克形式和轻子形式。这三个被表示为不可约的玻色子表示。胶子形成,Z-玻色子和W-玻色子是第二个因素,希格斯玻色子是第三个因素。这些表示中的每一个都被拆分为 Poincare 组使用的多个不可约表示。每个粒子都有固定的质量。质量被称为庞加莱李代数的卡西默算子。这些意义上的不同粒子由标准模型拉格朗日模型中出现的不同分量来观察。在这些概念中,自旋指数被抑制。在这些情况下,发现使用一个分裂代替 Poincare x Isospin SU (2) 的不可约表示。这些进入 3 夸克世代。这是基于中微子质量混合矩阵的存在。

后者不符合标准夸克和中微子的约定。换句话说,它也被称为属于 Poincare 群的不可约表示。对于中微子,有基于中微子振荡的解释。在这些情况下,没有用于三代电子的相应混合矩阵。这些都受制于超级选择规则的收费。这禁止了不同种类的电荷本征态的超位。由于质量混合,庞加莱群中使用的不可约表示不属于超级选择扇区。根据这个结果,没有用于质量的超级选择规则。在这种情况下,质量被认为是非平凡的操作。这是基于夸克的单个粒子。这些与非相对论力学形成对比。在这种情况下,伽利略群的结构导致了超选择规则。因此,观察到每个单个粒子扇区都以数值质量为特征。

总而言之,需要对基于可嵌入表示的不同常数的每个方程进行更多研究。本分析中讨论了不同理论的一些条件。这些可以用作开发各种条件的框架。

The Lorentz boosts can be defined as the rotations that takes place in the Minkowski that are used along the lines of the space and time axis. In this system, the case of spin 1/2 particles can be used. It is deemed not possible to find a construction that include the finite-dimensional representation along with the scalar product that is preserved with the representation of relationship that is present between the 4 component Dirac spinor that is observed in each article. These spinors transform the Lorentz transformation that is generated by the gamma matrices. These are considered to be a part of the scalar product that is preserved. This is not positive definite. The representation cannot and is not considered to be a unitary presentation. The particles of the standard model are found to fall into the irreducible representation. These are represented as the product of the Poincare group, guage groip and its unitary group functions. These are found to define the symmetry group of the standard model. The unbroken symmetry groups has the remaining part of the symmetry group. They are usually broken in nature.

The Poincare symmetry flows through the asymterical distribution of matter in a smaller scale. These are based on the masses of the proton and neutron. These generations move through the various masses of the electron generations. The two irreducible fermionic representations are the quarks form on and the leptons form in the other. These three are represented as irreducible bosonic represntations. The gluons form on, Z-boson and W-boson are the second factor and the higgs boson is the third. Each of these representations are split into the multiple irreducible representations that are used by the Poincare group. Each of the particles have a fixed mass. The mass is known as the Casimer operator of the Poincare Lie algebra. The different particles in these senses are viewed by the different components that are appearing in the standard model Lagrangian. In these notions, the spin index is suppressed. In these cases one splits are found to be used instead of the irreducible representations of the Poincare x Isospin SU (2). These get into the 3 quark generations. This is based on the existence of the neutrino mass mixing matrix.

The latter is defied by the convention of the standard quarks and neutrinos. In other words, it is also known as the irreducible representations that belong to the Poincare group. For the neutrinos, there is the explanation that is based on the neutrino oscillations. In these cases, there is no corresponding mixing matrix that are used for the three generations of the electrons. These are subjected to the changed to the charge of the super selection rule. This forbids the super positions of the different kinds of eigenstates of charges. Owing to the mass mixing, the irreducible representations that are used in the Poincare group do not be a part of the super selection sectors. According to this consequence, there is no super selection rule that is used for the mass. The mass in this case is considered to be the non-trivial operations. This is based on the single particle of quarks. These contrasts with the nonrelativistic mechanics. In this case, the structure of the Galilean group causes the super selection rule. Owing to this, every single particle sector is observed to be characterized by the numerical mass.

To conclude, more research is needed for each one of the equation based on the different constants that can be embedded in the representation. Some conditions have been discussed on the different theories in this analysis. These can use as a framework to develop the various conditions.

以上内容就是代写毕业论文专家对哈密顿理论的分析与讨论。如果留学生没有足够的时间来完成毕业论文,论文代写推荐留学生们选择美国论文代写AdvancedThesis服务平台。因为其服务公司拥有专业资质的英语论文写手团队,保障毕业论文原创质量与合理的论文代写价格,并使用权威的抄袭检测系统,让留学生们轻松应对英语论文写作并创作出专属个人的优秀论文!除此之外,还为留学生提供专业的硕士论文代写、作业代写、essay代写等服务!

美国代写论文:芝加哥市生态现代化治理模式

美国代写论文:芝加哥市生态现代化治理模式。可持续发展是一个政治和社会过程。治理模式是政府实体采取的行动的操作术语。治理模式对可持续发展产生不同的影响。美国代写论文专家讨论了特定于城市的治理模式,并通过选择芝加哥市(北美)作为案例研究,评估了其对可持续发展方法的影响。接下来美国代写论文专家将为留学生们分享下芝加哥市生态现代化治理模式。

芝加哥市是伊利诺伊州最大的城市。它是美国第三大城市。截至2014年人口普查,该市人口约270万,被视为该州的主要交通枢纽(城市数据,2017年)。城市是新旧建筑的结合,城市基础设施也在不断改善,以满足现在和未来人口的需求。

治理模式更多的是一种以“生态现代化”为主导的治理,公共和私营部门共同努力,实现节约能源、绿化城市空间等生态目标。生态现代化源于这样一种思想:社会的经济利益与环境保护主义紧密相连。这里可以观察到Progrowth治理。“促进增长的治理是一种结构协调的、公私合作的行动,以促进地方经济”(Pierre, 1999,第384页)。

为了实现城市的可持续性,芝加哥的城市治理建立在从行政管理、自然设施、公园和学校场地、规划区、城市区域正射像等收集的数据集上。

该市利用来自不同城市环境的地理信息系统数据进行管理,并将其整合为一个地理数据库。城市治理数据库模型在帮助政府解决当前问题的同时,也帮助政府实现更好的未来需求。例如,考虑下面的图片,它是绿色健康社区计划的一部分。淘金是为了保护城市农业的一些地区,让人们种植健康的产品,也吃得健康。

所有的可持续发展计划都直接考虑到它对经济的影响,比如它能创造多少就业机会,能减少多少维护成本等等。以下改善街道指导方针的计划显示了如何提高生活质量,但重点是效率。

因此,可持续发展和治理模式并不完全以生态为中心。生态现代化是城市正在发生的事情。

可持续发展更多的是一种哲学,它是如何为人类创造质量的。在这种情况下,治理必须以一种更好连接的方式满足质量主动性。以芝加哥为例,重点是生活质量,但效率、成本节约和其他因素也在其中。这凸显了芝加哥仍然处于框架的阶梯上,还没有达到可持续发展的理想状态。

The City of Chicago is the largest city in the state of Illinois. It is the third largest city in the United States. It has a population of around 2.7 million as of 2014 census and was considered as a major transportation hub for the state (City-Data, 2017). The city is a combination of old and new constructions and the urban infrastructure is ever improving to cater to the needs of the present population and future ones.

The mode of governance is more of an ‘ecological modernization’ led governance where public and private sector work together for conserving ecological goals, such as conserving energy, greening the urban space etc. Ecological modernization draws from a school of thinking where the economic benefits to society are tied up with move towards environmentalism. Progrowth governance is observed here. “Progrowth governance is the structuring of concerted, and public-private actions to boost the local economy” (Pierre, 1999, p. 384).

Urban governance for the city of Chicago is built on data set collected from administration, natural facilities, parks and school grounds, planning districts, Urban Area orthoimage and more in order to achieve urban sustainability.

The city makes use of GIS data available from different urban settings for its governance purposes and integrated them as one geo database. Urban governance database model assists the government in correcting current issues and at the same time build with better future requirements. For instance, consider the below picture which is part of a green healthy neighbourhood plan. The panning is to protect some areas for urban agriculture in order to make people cultivate heathy products and also eat healthy.

All sustainable initiatives are directly considered in the context of what it can do for the economy, such as how many jobs it can create, how much maintenance costs would be reduced etc. The below plan for improving street guidelines shows how quality of life is targeted, but then the focus is on efficiency.

Sustainable development and mode of governance is hence not fully eco-centric. Ecological modernization is what is happening in the city.

Sustainable development is more of a philosophy in how it manages to build quality for humankind. In this context, governance has to meet the quality initiatives in a better-connected way. In the case of Chicago, the focus is on quality of life, but then efficiency, cost savings and more are thrown in the mix. This highlights that Chicago still is on the ladder of the framework and has not reached the ideal state of sustainability development.

以上内容就是美国代写论文专家为留学生们分享的芝加哥市生态现代化治理模式。如果留学生没有足够的时间与信心来完成英语论文或作业,在这时可以放心选择美国论文代写AdvancedThesis服务平台。因为其服务公司拥有专业资质的论文写手团队,保障论文原创,并使用权威的抄袭检测系统,让留学生们轻松应对英语论文写作并创作出专属个人的优秀论文!除此之外,还为留学生提供专业的硕士论文代写、毕业论文代写、essay代写等服务!

毕业论文代写:成本计算方法评估

毕业论文代写:成本计算方法评估。在实际成本计算方法中,成本计算要考虑材料成本、人工成本和实际管理费用。管理费用是根据分配基数计算的。本文在分析两种方法的基础上,提出了可供选择的成本计算系统的建议。实际成本法虽然很简单,但也存在一些问题。这是因为成本计算方法没有考虑到预先计划方面和其他对公司的间接成本。此外,根据这项费用计算,不提倡使用新系统。在此背景下,毕业论文代写专家对两种可供选择的成本计算方法进行了评估。

标准成本法:公司推荐的第一种成本法是标准成本法。建议采用标准成本计算方法,主要是为了减少间接成本的不正确应用(Hsiao, 2006)。在给定的案例研究中,确定了在计算实际成本后,计算管理费用率,然后将其应用于工作。在这种应用中,存在不准确的机会(Fleischman & Tyson, 1998;Guilding等人,1998)。在新系统上完成的作业可能会产生很大的开销成本,尽管工作开销可能是由于并行使用旧系统的延迟造成的。

标准成本法中的成本分配:现在使用标准成本法会导致与实际成本的一些估计和差异。但是,所有作业的开销都是预先估计的,因此在这样做时,新系统的使用将不会受到高成本的影响。在标准成本计算中,使用预期成本。估计成本标准是根据公司内部的活动而不是每一个工作制定的。有一类工作可能被用来预测成本,而这些成本与实际成本非常接近。

分配成本时推荐的容量:可使用实际容量评估。这里通常计算可处理的最大容量,并将延迟考虑在内。

已分配成本项下/超额:实际材料率或人工率的差异将在工作结束时计算为差异。这是为了调整和使成本达到实际成本水平,以便在下一次运行中处理分配成本不足或超过的问题。

The actual cost method although being very simple is seen to cause some issues. This is because of how the costing method does not take into account preplanning aspects and other indirect costs to the company. Furthermore, under this costing, the new system is not promoted for usage. In this context, this work conducts an assessment of two alternative costing methods.

Standard Costing: The first costing that is recommended for the company is the standard costing method. The standard costing method is mainly recommended for the purpose of reducing the incorrect application of the overhead costs (Hsiao, 2006). In the given case study, it is identified that after the calculation of actual costs, the overhead rate is calculated and then it is applied to the jobs. In such application, there are chances of inaccuracy (Fleischman & Tyson, 1998; Guilding et al., 1998). It could so happen that significant overhead costs would be applied to the jobs done on the new system even though overhead introduced to work could have been because of delay of using the old systems in parallel.

Cost Allocation in Standard Costing: Now the use of the standard costing would result in some amount of estimation and variance with actual cost. However, the overhead is estimated for all jobs in advance and hence in doing so, the use of the new system will not suffer the high costs. In standard costing, an expected cost is used. Estimated cost standard is created based on the activities within the company and not every single job. A category of jobs would probably be used to predict costs and these closely approximate to actual costs.

Capacity recommended for allocating Costs: Practical capacity assessment can be used. Here the maximum capacity that can be handled is usually calculated and it takes into account delays.

Under/Over Allocated Costs: Variances in the actual material rate or labour rate would be calculated as variances at the end of the work. This is to adjust and bring the costs to actual costs level so as to handle under or over allocated costs in the next run.

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