标签存档: 美国代写论文

美国代写:气候变化对企业的影响分析

美国代写:气候变化对企业的影响分析。候变化对财务报表的影响正在迅速增长,对于企业来说,当务之急是拿出解决当前问题和长期问题的方案。目前的商业模式对公司来说是不够的。他们需要找到办法,确保满足人民和投资者的要求。企业需要获得创新,并专注于优化资源,以实现变革。在这个体系中,金融研究认为这些都是非核心领域。企业需要理解私营企业和气候变化的影响,保险的因素,满足底线和金融机构。在将气候变化理论转化为现实的过程中,所有的利益相关者都将受到影响。接下来美国代写将分析下气候变化对企业的影响。

气候变化的情况令人很不满意。不同部门的组织和企业已经接受了这样一个观点,即他们必须找到方法来创建一个有凝聚力的商业计划来应对气候变化(Abatzoglou等人,2014)。然而,这些仍然是一个整体的想法,而不是实际的实施。该分析的论点是,尽管公司面临财务和维持问题,但每个公司都有特定的独特和创新的解决方案,可以用来解决气候变化的因素。在这个分析中,它将显示,公司被驱动以满足他们的底线和利益相关者的有形要求。所有公司都有满足利益相关者要求的受信义务。这种模式的最大挑战包括如何开始和构建有利可图且环境友好的业务案例的不确定性。整个社会传递的信息是复杂的。有一些人继续否认气候变化的影响或影响的真实性。这些都阻碍了社会的发展。公司本质上是为了满足利益相关者的需求而存在的,这给公司带来了一个问题。他们不能满足利益相关者的要求,并导致公司内部工作的变化(联合国,2015)。这通常是因为缺乏解决这些问题的内部计划。缺乏数据来说服利益相关者和财务困难的问题。这一分析的意义将表明,公司需要有形和内在的意识形态的改变来解决问题。尽管这些公司试图设定目标,但缺乏一个有凝聚力的行动计划。它们被用来应对重大挑战。公司的监管机构需要找到方法来确保业务满足这些目标,从而制定计划。

必须对流程进行评估,以理解流程中可能存在的差距。这个评估过程可以表明,如果人们对社区有既得利益,如果他们能够满足情况的财政需求,就可以有过程。这是一个简单的解决方案,需要改变公司的商业模式(Dauvergne & Lister, 2013)。这些公司需要应对这些变化,并确保它们满足财务需求。许多上市公司都被要求将与公司业务有关的事件通知股东。然而,政府法规不足以威胁到公司的投诉(Franks et al., 2014)。他们正在寻找增加利润率的方法。这一举措促使批评人士认为,股东受到了这一过程的影响。全球变暖和气候变化带来的经济威胁继续阻碍着这些公司的发展。目前,希望企业形象积极的投资者会遵循一些气候变化的方法。公司有必要对他们的商业模式进行全面的改变,以满足公司的要求。这些技术可以被认为是社会所需要的全面改革的更广泛变革的开始步骤。因此,从对备选方案的评价来看,我们可以暗示,对这些公司的改变目前处于提议的基本水平。必须根据所需要的情况的动态需求进行更多的更改。

The situation for the climate change leaves a lot to be desired. Organizations and businesses across the different sectors have accepted that they must find ways to create a cohesive business plan to address the climate change (Abatzoglou et al., 2014). However, these continue to remain as an overall idea rather than actual implementation. Thesis statement for this analysis is that in spite of the financial and sustenance issues that the companies face, there are certain unique and innovative solutions for each company that can be used to address the factors of climate change. In this analysis, it will be shown that companies are driven to meet their bottom line and the tangible requests of stakeholders. All the companies have a fiduciary duty to meet the requirement of the stakeholders.The top challenges of this schema include the uncertainty as to how to begin and build the business case that is lucrative and environmentally friendly. The society as a whole has mixed messages. There are certain groups of people who continue to deny the climate change impacts or the veracity of the impacts. These impede the society. The company essentially exists to meet the stakeholder demand and this causes an issue for the company. They are not able to meet the demands of the stakeholder and cause changes in the internal working of the company (United Nations, 2015).This typically arises from the lack of the internal plan to address these issues. There is a lack of data to convince the stakeholders and issues of financial hardships. Significance of this analysis will indicate that the companies need tangible and intrinsic ideology change to address the issues. Even though the companies try to set goal, there is a lack in creation of a cohesive plan for action. They are used for significant challenges. The regulators of the company need to find ways to ensure that the business meets these objectives to create a plan.

It is imperative to evaluate the processes to understand the possible gaps in the process. This process of evaluation can show that if the people have vested interest for the community and if they are able to meet the financial demands of the situation, there can be process. This is an easy solution that requires the changing of the business model of the companies (Dauvergne & Lister, 2013). The companies need to address these changes and ensure that they meet the financial needs. Many of the public companies are required to inform the shareholders of events that relate to the business. However, the government regulations are not enough a threat for the companies to be complaint (Franks et al., 2014). They are looking for ways to increase the margin of profit. This move has prompted the critics to argue that the shareholder is impacted by this process. The economic threat of global warming and climate change continues to be a hindrance for the companies. Currently, the investors who want a corporate image to be positive are observed to follow some methods of climate change. There is a need for the companies to bring in a comprehensive change in their business model to meet the requirement of the corporate companies. These techniques can be considered as an inception step for the broader changes of comprehensive reforms that are needed for the societies. Hence from evaluation of the alternative, it is alluded that the changes for the companies are currently at a basic level that is proposed. There must be more changes that are based on the dynamic requirements of the situation that is needed.

以上内容就是美国代写对气候变化对企业的影响分析。若要问美国代写哪家更专业可靠?论文代写推荐留学生们选择美国论文代写AdvancedThesis服务平台。因为其服务公司拥有专业资质的英语论文写手团队,保障论文原创质量与合理的论文代写价格,并使用权威的抄袭检测系统,让留学生们轻松应对英语论文写作并创作出专属个人的优秀论文!除此之外,还为留学生提供专业的硕士论文代写、毕业论文代写、essay代写等服务!

美国代写论文:手机使用法规的必要性

美国代写论文:手机使用法规的必要性。人们意识到危险的事实,但从事这样的活动,表明迫切需要在使用手机方面的法规。这里困难的部分是,制定法律或执行政策并不容易,因为手机的使用很难监控。在某些情况下,比如在教室里,它可以被监控。在某种程度上,它还可以在驾驶时进行监控。然而,真正需要的是一个多层次的同伴压力系统,以阻止手机用户不断地使用手机,特别是在高度脆弱的环境中,如开车。在接下来的内容中,美国代写论文将为同学们讲解下手机使用法规的必要性。

从本质上说,更改应该从用户的内部或直接环境开始。父母应该意识到手机成瘾带来的负面影响和发育不良。应该鼓励孩子们花更多的时间与其他孩子在社交环境中,以帮助他们学习社交礼仪。当与孩子相处时,父母需要注意他们花在手机上的时间。最好的选择显然是花更多的时间和孩子在一起,而不是让他们沉溺于手机提供的诱惑。

对于青少年、学生和青少年来说,从他们的家到他们的教育机构都需要有严格的指导方针来反复灌输他们使用手机时的适当行为。例如,应该劝阻学生把手机带到课堂或图书馆。教师应该自己树立榜样,在课堂上不使用手机。另一方面,在禁止场所使用手机的学生应该受到适当的惩罚,以阻止其他人再次犯事。

然而,问题在于成年人,因为他们的手机使用更难以监控。这就是同伴的压力需要发挥作用的地方。通过宣传活动,建立相关的广告牌,广告和类似的活动,人们可以认识到使用手机到底有多糟糕。

此外,确定相关群体的目标和接近这一群体的相关战略也非常重要。不同群体对监管的反应不同。事实上,虽然女性可能更容易对手机上瘾,但对于何时使用手机合适的看法在性别和年龄上是不同的(对于gay, Hyman和Schreiber 317-319)。

手机已经深深融入人类生活,制定相关法规也是一项艰巨的任务。规章制度可以适用于正式的机构和最大限度的半正式的机构。对于所有其他方面,都需要在行为方面进行改变。对于生活中根深蒂固的东西来说,这绝非易事。然而,在这里,我们需要的是激励玩家朝着理想的方向前进。另一个值得探索的选择是为手机用户开发各种途径,让他们不用依赖手机就能享受生活。虽然这些途径很棘手,但它们可以极大地改善人们的总体生活方式。提倡诸如冥想、瑜伽等需要安静环境的娱乐活动,不仅可以帮助人们克服手机瘾,还可以帮助人们尽量减少长时间接触手机带来的危害。这一策略的好处是它可以适用于所有人群,无论是年轻一代还是年长一代,男性或女性学生或工作专业人士。虽然与特定群体相关的特定策略更有帮助,但这种多面手的想法可能是一个很好的开始。

Essentially, the change should start from within or from the immediate environment of the users. Parents should be made aware of the negative impacts and stunted growths arising from cell phone addiction. Children should be encouraged to spend more time in social settings with other children to help them learn social etiquettes. When dealing with children, parents need to be careful as to the amount of time they spend with cell phones. The best option is obviously to spend more time with children instead of letting them wallow in the temptations that cell phones offer.

For adolescents, students and teens, strict guidelines need to exist right from their homes to their educational institutions to inculcate the appropriate behaviour when it comes to cell phones. For instance, students should be discouraged from bringing cell phones to their classes or to the libraries. The teachers should set examples by themselves refraining from using cell phones while they are in classes. On the other hand, students who use them in banned places should be punished appropriately so as to discourage others from repeating the offense.

The problems however are the adults because their cell phone usage is much more difficult to monitor. This is where peer pressure needs to come in strongly. Through awareness campaigns, erecting relevant billboards, advertisements and similar reach out events, people can be made cognizant of exactly how bad use of cell phones can be.

Furthermore, identification of relevant groups to target and relevant strategies to approach this group is also very important. Different groups react to regulations in different ways. In fact, while females might be more susceptible to cell phone addiction, the perception about when using cell phones is appropriate differs across both gender and age (Forgays, Hyman and Schreiber 317-319).

Cell phones are so deeply embedded in human life that developing regulations is also a humongous task. Rules and regulations can be applied in formal setups and utmost semi-formal setups. For all other aspects, change needs to be brought about in behaviour. This is never easy when something is so ingrained in life. However, incentivizing a move in the desirable direction is what is needed here. Another option that is worth exploring is developing avenues for cell phone users where they can enjoy themselves without relying on their cell phones. While such avenues are tricky, they can be immensely beneficial to improvement of the overall lifestyle of people in general. Promoting recreational activities like meditation and yoga which require a peace and quiet environment can not only help overcome mobile addictions, but also help people in minimising the ills of prolonged exposure to cell phones. The good part of this strategy is that it can be applied across all groups of people, be it younger generation or older, males or females students or working professionals. Although specific strategies pertaining to specific groups can help much more, such generalist ideas can be a good place to start with.

以上内容就是美国代写论文为同学们讲解的手机使用法规的必要性。若要问美国代写论文哪家更专业可靠?论文代写推荐留学生们选择美国论文代写AdvancedThesis服务平台。因为其服务公司拥有专业资质的英语论文写手团队,保障论文原创质量与合理的论文代写价格,并使用权威的抄袭检测系统,让留学生们轻松应对英语论文写作并创作出专属个人的优秀论文!除此之外,还为留学生提供专业的硕士论文代写、毕业论文代写、essay代写等服务!

美国代写:对价的性质对商誉计算的影响

美国代写:对价的性质对商誉计算的影响。对价的性质以及它如何影响商誉的计算在收购公司和公司被收购在这里介绍。对价的性质将对商誉产生影响。就收购对价而言,可以这样说,对价是收购方先前持有的与他们所收购的业务有关的权益的公允价值。国际财务报告准则3(修订)中一些最重要的变化是与购买对价有关的,现在包括了收购方可能在被收购业务中先前持有的所有权益的公允价值。这包括对联营或合资企业的任何权益,或被收购企业的其他股权权益。接下来美国代写专家对价的性质对商誉计算的影响分析如下。

考虑将包括基于其他股权利益的联营或合资企业的任何利益。在评估任何此类先前的股份时,如果当时确实确定了股份,则该股份被理解为为了收购实体而放弃,并在处置时记录了收益或损失。因此,在收购时,如果收购方在此之前对该实体有一定的权益,那么现有的权益也会被重新衡量(赫尔曼等人,2016)。这种计量是以公允价值进行的,以确保损益表的变动被充分记录。以往记录的收益将根据具体情况进行评估。当这样的重新评估完成后,收益或损失将被确认。当股份的价值增加时,收益将被确认。如果收购方对该公司的权益的账面价值高于该公司的公允价值,则应确认亏损。每一项损益将在综合损益表中确认。更多情况下,损失情况不会发生。然而,这种形式的或有考虑必须以不同的方式进行评估(Sacui, 2016)。即使该或有对价在取得时不需要给付,仍有必要确认对价。债务或有对价必须与商誉相对确认,作为一项负债。

因此,对价现在被理解为负债的增加,并由商誉确认。“子公司业绩良好负债的增加会导致损益表中的费用,而业绩低于目标会导致预期付款的减少,并会在损益表中作为收益记录。”这些变化以前是根据商誉进行记录的”(ACCA, 2016年,第3段)。8)。

此外,在评估对价时,还必须承认对价的性质。检查对价的性质是否符合负债或权益的定义是很重要的。当或有对价的性质与股权相匹配时,将不按照国际会计准则第32/39号重新计量。这与仅根据商誉衡量对价的历史做法形成了鲜明对比。衡量或有对价的新做法是在收购时对其进行公平估值,这将增加在开始时对公允价值计算的关注和注意,因此将对随后的重新计量产生影响。此时的标准要求记录任何负面的善意。负商誉基本上是任何廉价购买的收益。这种形式的商誉被记录在损益表中。另一个变化是,交易成本将不再被视为收购价格的一部分。交易费用将作为发生的费用在当前计算中进行评估。交易费用必须作为已发生的费用呈现,不会作为收购期间支付给卖主的费用的一部分进行评估。此外,使用这些考虑标准有助于澄清基于员工份额的支付形式等。此外,它为未来的服务提供了急需的业务薪酬、合并等估值指导,在本例中为收购公司Expander Plc的未来计划。

或有股份的报价估计约为40亿英镑。现在,由于Expander在被收购前并不持有任何价值,所以不需要重新衡量对价。计量仅按交易时的公允价值进行。

Consideration will include any interest in associate or joint venture based on other equity interests as well. When assessing any such previous stake, if a stake is indeed identified then, it is understood as being given up in order to acquire the entity and have a gain or loss recorded at the time of disposal. At the time of acquisition, therefore, if the acquirer has some interest in the entity prior, then the existing stake is also re-measured (Hellman et al., 2016). Such a measurement is carried out at fair value in order to ensure that movements to income statement are recorded in full. Gains in previous recordings are assessed in context. What happens when such a reassessment is done is that a gain or a loss would be recognized. A gain will be recognized when the value of the stake increases. A loss would be recognized if the interest that the acquirer has with respect to the company has a higher book value in comparison to the fair value of the business. Each of these loss and gain will be recognized in the comprehensive income statement. More often the loss situation would not occur. However, this form of contingent consideration will have to be assessed differently (Sacui, 2016). Even if the contingent consideration in question need not be paid out at the time of acquisition, it is still necessary to recognize the consideration. Debt contingent consideration will have to be recognized against goodwill, as a liability.

Consideration hence is now understood as an increase in liability and is recognized against goodwill. “An increase in the liability for good performance by the subsidiary results in an expense in the income statement and under-performance against targets will result in the reduction in the expected payment and will be recorded as a gain in the income statement. These changes were previously recorded against goodwill” (ACCA, 2016, para. 8).

In addition, when assessing the consideration, it is also necessary to acknowledge the nature of the consideration. The nature of the consideration will be important to check whether it matches against definitions of liability or equity. When the nature of contingent consideration matches against equity then re-measurement will not be done as per IAS 32/39. This contrasts against the historic practice of just measuring consideration on goodwill. The new practice of measuring contingent consideration which is fair valued at acquisition will increase focus and attention on the fair value calculations at the opening itself and hence will have an impact on subsequent re-measurements. The standard at this point requires for any negative good will to be recorded. Negative goodwill is basically gain made on any bargain purchase. This form of goodwill is recorded in the income statement. Another change is that the transactions costs will no longer be considered as part of the acquisition price. Transaction costs would be assessed in current calculations as expenses as incurred. The transactions costs have to be presented as incurred and will not be assessed as part of payment made to the seller of the business during acquisition. In addition, the use of these consideration standards helps clarify the form of employee share based payments and more. In addition, it provides much needed valuation guidance for business compensation, combinations etc. for the future services, in this case the future plans of the acquiring company Expander Plc.

The offer of contingent shares is estimated at around £4,000 million. Now since Expander does not hold any value before their acquisition, there need not be any re-measurement of consideration. The measurement is only done at fair value at the time of trading.

以上内容就是美国代写对对价的性质对商誉计算的影响的分析。如果留学生没有足够的时间来完成英语论文与作业,论文代写推荐留学生们选择美国论文代写AdvancedThesis服务平台。因为其服务公司拥有专业资质的英语论文写手团队,保障论文原创质量与合理的论文代写价格,并使用权威的抄袭检测系统,让留学生们轻松应对英语论文写作并创作出专属个人的优秀论文!除此之外,还为留学生提供专业的硕士论文代写、毕业论文代写、essay代写等服务!

美国代写:可持续城市交通发展

美国代写:可持续城市交通发展。可持续城市交通要想保持可持续,就需要稳定,满足于不持续的投资,并反复尝试改变集体公民的良知,以采用可持续的出行措施。这些可以通过影响公民的步行习惯、在城市中规划自我可持续和自我实现的集群来实现,并将反车辆流动作为优先事项。接下来美国代写将分析讨论下可待续城市的交通发展。

到目前为止,每一个从工业时代和古老的帝国时代发展起来的城市,都在解决出现的问题。幸运的是,当局和城市一直在应对城市的挑战或城市扩张,城市交通系统,其中土地使用分区和城市城市的样板规划发展。如果唯一的进展是发现问题,提供解决方案,发现感知到的问题,并提供合适的解决方案,那么问题和解决方案的单调运动就不会有尽头。在这种情况下,当局要么变得多余,要么无法处理日益复杂的问题。

可持续城市交通要想保持可持续,就需要稳定,满足于不持续的投资,并反复尝试改变集体公民的良知,以采用可持续的出行措施。这些可以通过影响公民的步行习惯、在城市中规划自我可持续和自我实现的集群来实现,并将反车辆流动作为优先事项。例如,从工业化时代开始,孟买一直在不断地增加新的火车、公共汽车、道路、汽车车道、道路拓宽和城市公共交通系统。这从来没有结束,随着一个新的城市交通服务的委托,需要另一个,而另一个站在要求(Knox和McCarthy, 2012)。这不是可持续的城市交通系统,因为孟买当局从来没有考虑过限制移民的可能性,并尝试在印度各地实现相应的城市发展。当按比例进行城市发展时,从农村到城市的移民流动就会停止或减少,城市交通系统的负担也会减轻。此外,土地划分的无序性,进一步加剧了城市流动性问题,对城市交通系统提出了另一种需求。

在另一项关于紧凑城市奥斯陆的研究中,人们注意到,如果不不断改进、修正和改善土地使用特点,所有提供城市交通的努力都是不足的。也许,它的执行不当且不平衡。由于人们认为奥斯陆人口稠密地区对汽车的依赖程度较低,闲暇时间水平较高,因此郊区的交通和机动性最高(Holden and Norland, 2005)。这否定了一个假设的真实性,即在人口密集的城市,接近日常服务将减少旅行时间。事实上,这些问题是由于缺乏规划远见和增长模式不均衡造成的。对于在人口密集的城市中旅行时间较短的概念,一直有完全不同的批评(Williams, 2016)。奥斯陆表明,可持续的城市交通也许并不是解决交通问题的确切答案。当分散的集中在城市发展中主导了规划师的良知,目光从感知和即将出现的城市交通问题及其不稳定的本质上撤退。在理想的情况下,城市交通必须在很长一段时间内保持可观的水平,但如果不能实现可持续发展,就不存在实现其目标的问题。城市交通总是内在地体现在土地利用规划、城市规划、交通规划和城市发展规划中。因此,当城市规划者违背流动性逻辑,对城市规划进行修改,导致流动性规划的随意性时,城市交通永远是不可持续和不合理的。

Up until now, every urban city, having grown from the industrial past and the antiquate imperial, has been addressing problems as they arise. Fortunately, the authorities and urban cities have been addressing perceived challenges or urban cities, urban sprawl, urban transport system, which the land use zoning and model plan development of urban cities. If the only progress is to identify problems, provide solutions, identify perceived problems and provide suitable solutions, then there could be no end to such a monotonous movement of problems and solutions. The authorities in such situations shall become either redundant or incompetent to handle the rise of overcomplicated problems.

For sustainable urban transport to remain sustainable, it needs to stabilize, remain content without continuous investment, and attempt repeatedly to change the collective citizen conscience to adopt sustainable measures of mobility. These can be done by influencing citizen habits of walking, planning self-sustainable and self-fulfilling clusters within urban cities, and make anti-vehicular mobility a priority. As for example, the urban city of Mumbai has been relentlessly adding new trains, buses, roads, automobile lanes, road widening, and mass transit urban transport systems from the industrialization era. This has never ended, and as a new urban transport offering is commissioned, a need for another one, and yet another ones stands demanded (Knox and McCarthy, 2012). This is not sustainable urban transport system, because Mumbai authorities have never been enlightened to think about the possibility of capping migrants and giving a shot to proportionate urban development across India. When proportionate urban development is executed, migrant movement from rural to urban cities is halted or diminished, and the burden on urban transport system reduces. In addition, land zoning is without order, which further fuels the problems of urban mobility, raising another demand of urban transport system.

In another study of a compact city, Oslo, it was noticed that without continuous refinement, correction, improvement of land use characteristics, all efforts of urban transport provision have been just undersupplied. Perhaps, it has been improperly and unevenly executed. Since densely populated areas in Oslo were assumed to be less automobile dependent and represented higher level of leisure time, the suburban areas showed the highest amount of transport and mobility (Holden and Norland, 2005). This nullifies the authenticity of the assumption that proximity to everyday services in a densely populated city would reduce travel time. In fact, such issues arise of the lack of planning foresight and uneven growth patterns. Critiques have always been in complete disagreement of this notion of less travel time in densely populated cities (Williams, 2016). Oslo showed that sustainable urban transport is perhaps not the definite answer to the consistent problem of mobility. When decentralized concentration in urban development dominates the conscience of planners, the eye withdraws from the perceived and forthcoming problems of urban transport and its unstable nature. When urban transport is not, in ideal terms, sustainable, which must remain substantial for a long period, there be no question of fulfilling its objective. Urban transport is always inherently embodied in the land use plan, city planning, mobility planning, and in the city growth plans. Hence, when city planners defy the mobility logic and make amendments to city plans that results in haphazard planning of mobility, urban transport shall always remain unsustainable and unjustified.

以上内容就是美国代写对可持续城市交通发展的分析讨论。如果留学生们有需要论文代写辅导,在这时可以放心选择美国论文代写AdvancedThesis服务平台。因为其服务公司拥有专业资质的论文写手团队,保障论文原创,并使用权威的抄袭检测系统,让留学生们轻松应对英语论文写作并创作出专属个人的优秀论文!除此之外,还为留学生提供专业的硕士论文代写、毕业论文代写、essay代写等服务!留学生可以放心选择美国论文代写AdvancedThesis服务,不用再担心英语论文无法完成的情况发生!

美国代写论文:芝加哥市生态现代化治理模式

美国代写论文:芝加哥市生态现代化治理模式。可持续发展是一个政治和社会过程。治理模式是政府实体采取的行动的操作术语。治理模式对可持续发展产生不同的影响。美国代写论文专家讨论了特定于城市的治理模式,并通过选择芝加哥市(北美)作为案例研究,评估了其对可持续发展方法的影响。接下来美国代写论文专家将为留学生们分享下芝加哥市生态现代化治理模式。

芝加哥市是伊利诺伊州最大的城市。它是美国第三大城市。截至2014年人口普查,该市人口约270万,被视为该州的主要交通枢纽(城市数据,2017年)。城市是新旧建筑的结合,城市基础设施也在不断改善,以满足现在和未来人口的需求。

治理模式更多的是一种以“生态现代化”为主导的治理,公共和私营部门共同努力,实现节约能源、绿化城市空间等生态目标。生态现代化源于这样一种思想:社会的经济利益与环境保护主义紧密相连。这里可以观察到Progrowth治理。“促进增长的治理是一种结构协调的、公私合作的行动,以促进地方经济”(Pierre, 1999,第384页)。

为了实现城市的可持续性,芝加哥的城市治理建立在从行政管理、自然设施、公园和学校场地、规划区、城市区域正射像等收集的数据集上。

该市利用来自不同城市环境的地理信息系统数据进行管理,并将其整合为一个地理数据库。城市治理数据库模型在帮助政府解决当前问题的同时,也帮助政府实现更好的未来需求。例如,考虑下面的图片,它是绿色健康社区计划的一部分。淘金是为了保护城市农业的一些地区,让人们种植健康的产品,也吃得健康。

所有的可持续发展计划都直接考虑到它对经济的影响,比如它能创造多少就业机会,能减少多少维护成本等等。以下改善街道指导方针的计划显示了如何提高生活质量,但重点是效率。

因此,可持续发展和治理模式并不完全以生态为中心。生态现代化是城市正在发生的事情。

可持续发展更多的是一种哲学,它是如何为人类创造质量的。在这种情况下,治理必须以一种更好连接的方式满足质量主动性。以芝加哥为例,重点是生活质量,但效率、成本节约和其他因素也在其中。这凸显了芝加哥仍然处于框架的阶梯上,还没有达到可持续发展的理想状态。

The City of Chicago is the largest city in the state of Illinois. It is the third largest city in the United States. It has a population of around 2.7 million as of 2014 census and was considered as a major transportation hub for the state (City-Data, 2017). The city is a combination of old and new constructions and the urban infrastructure is ever improving to cater to the needs of the present population and future ones.

The mode of governance is more of an ‘ecological modernization’ led governance where public and private sector work together for conserving ecological goals, such as conserving energy, greening the urban space etc. Ecological modernization draws from a school of thinking where the economic benefits to society are tied up with move towards environmentalism. Progrowth governance is observed here. “Progrowth governance is the structuring of concerted, and public-private actions to boost the local economy” (Pierre, 1999, p. 384).

Urban governance for the city of Chicago is built on data set collected from administration, natural facilities, parks and school grounds, planning districts, Urban Area orthoimage and more in order to achieve urban sustainability.

The city makes use of GIS data available from different urban settings for its governance purposes and integrated them as one geo database. Urban governance database model assists the government in correcting current issues and at the same time build with better future requirements. For instance, consider the below picture which is part of a green healthy neighbourhood plan. The panning is to protect some areas for urban agriculture in order to make people cultivate heathy products and also eat healthy.

All sustainable initiatives are directly considered in the context of what it can do for the economy, such as how many jobs it can create, how much maintenance costs would be reduced etc. The below plan for improving street guidelines shows how quality of life is targeted, but then the focus is on efficiency.

Sustainable development and mode of governance is hence not fully eco-centric. Ecological modernization is what is happening in the city.

Sustainable development is more of a philosophy in how it manages to build quality for humankind. In this context, governance has to meet the quality initiatives in a better-connected way. In the case of Chicago, the focus is on quality of life, but then efficiency, cost savings and more are thrown in the mix. This highlights that Chicago still is on the ladder of the framework and has not reached the ideal state of sustainability development.

以上内容就是美国代写论文专家为留学生们分享的芝加哥市生态现代化治理模式。如果留学生没有足够的时间与信心来完成英语论文或作业,在这时可以放心选择美国论文代写AdvancedThesis服务平台。因为其服务公司拥有专业资质的论文写手团队,保障论文原创,并使用权威的抄袭检测系统,让留学生们轻松应对英语论文写作并创作出专属个人的优秀论文!除此之外,还为留学生提供专业的硕士论文代写、毕业论文代写、essay代写等服务!

美国代写:护士对英语语言课程的学习

美国代写:护士对英语语言课程的学习。研究中做出的最重要的决定是护士拥有工作中所需要的技术知识。然而,他们在与以英语为母语的人交流方面存在差距。研究中的护士来自不同的背景,他们的母语不是英语。他们继续面临着与相关人员谈话的问题。在其他情况下,同时学习这门学科是很重要的。因此,护士需要对所提供的职业课程有一个内在的理解。评估方法是通过不同的情境因素对学科进行学习。接下来美国代写将讲解下有关护士对英语语言课程的学习。

具体来说,护理人员不能理解母语人士的当地语言模式。这就造成了一个缺口,让他们可以告诉患者需要的生活习惯和他们需要服用特定药物的方式。在本分析中对这些问题进行了探讨。这是患者恢复健康或改善生活质量的一个重要因素。下面将详细介绍这些内容。将健康素养相关内容纳入护理教育课程中是一个重要因素。这是必要的,因为新护士将有良好的装备来处理这些问题。重要的是,人们必须将卫生知识普及纳入护理课程,并将其内容与护理课程相结合,以影响教育会议的评估。这是基于护理人员掌握护理内容并将其应用于临床环境的能力。卫生素养是获得和理解卫生保健信息和说明的能力。这些活动都是处方药。这包括对医疗程序和适当测试提供知情同意。这些行为包括为人们提供处方药。这涉及对医疗程序提供知情同意的行为。这些是阅读食品标签,以确保患者遵循规定的饮食,并解决复杂的医疗系统。

要建立一种教学方法,就必须确定情境的背景。总之,研究和培训必须以一种方式培养,使病人能够与护士一起工作,以获得健康。计算能力可以定义为推理和应用数字概念的能力。基本算术技能包括对基本算术的理解(Kelly, 1996)。在这一分析中,识字和计算能力在卫生保健中的重要性已被探讨。

重要的是要使用相关的职业资源,是激励。人们发现,英语的语言系统会因学习主题和语言的细微差别而发生变化。教师需要向学生传授职业学习资源。这是必要的。职业课程需要结合专业术语的学习和病人的演讲。这是最重要的方面之一。以该语言为母语的人被教授有关学习英语的具体必要条件的主题。在其他情况下,同时学习这门学科是很重要的。因此,护士需要对所提供的职业课程有一个内在的理解。评估方法是通过不同的情境因素对学科进行学习。

Specifically, the nursing workers do not have comprehension of the local speech patterns by the native speakers. This creates a gap for them to teach the patients about the required lifestyle habits and the ways in which they need to take the specific medications. These have been probed in this analysis. This is an important factor for the regaining of the health or for improvement of quality of life by the patients. These have been detailed in the following. It is an important factor to incorporate health literacy-related content with the nursing education curriculum. This is imperative as the newer nurses will be well equipped to deal with these issues. It is important for the people to incorporate health literacy and the content needs to be mixed with the nursing curriculum and to impact the assessment of the educational session. This is based on the ability of the nursing to master the content and apply it to the clinical setting. Health literacy is the ability to obtain and comprehend about the healthcare information and instructions. These include the activities which are prescribed medications. These involve providing the informed consent for the medical procedures and appropriate tests. These involve the actions as providing the people with prescribed medications. These are involved with the acts of providing informed consent for the medical procedure. These are reading of the food labels to ensure that the patient follows the prescribed diet and addresses the complex healthcare system.

For the creation of a pedagogical approach, it is imperative to define the context of the situation. To summarize, the research and training must be fostered in a manner where the patients are able to work with the nurses to gain their health. Numeracy can be defined as ability to reason and apply the numerical concepts. Basic numeracy skills consist of the comprehension of the fundamental arithmetic (Kelly, 1996). The importance of literacy and numeracy in the health care has been probed in this analysis.

It is important to use the relevant vocational resources that are motivating. The language system of English is found to change based on the nuances of learning about the subject as well as the language. The teachers need to teach the students about the vocational learning resources. This is imperative. The vocational courses need to combine the aspects of learning the jargons of the professions as well as the patient speech. It is one of the most important aspects. The native speakers of the language are taught the subject about the specific requisite to learn English. On other cases, it is important to learn the subject simultaneously. Hence, the nurses need to have an innate understanding of the vocational courses that are offered. The assessment methods are about the learning of the subject from different contextual factors.

以上内容就是美国代写对护士对英语语言课程的学习分析。同学们如果需要英语论文代写服务,在此论文代写推荐留学生选择美国论文代写AdvancedThesis服务,其服务公司可以24×7全天候为您提供帮助,除此之外,还为留学生们提供硕士论文代写、essay代写、report代写等论文服务,而且论文代写价格公平合理,保证论文原创,并使用权威的抄袭检测系统,让留学生们轻松应对硕士论文写作并创作出专属个人的优秀论文!

代写论文价格:韩中日三国之间的相互影响

代写论文价格:韩中日三国之间的相互影响。国家被认为是有活力的,它创造了相互依赖的政治体系。韩国被认为是中国和日本军队的意识形态。这三个国家都有独特的制度,并以多种形式表现出来。在韩国、中国和日本,权力结构发生了变化。这些国家的意识形态发生了内在的转变。这些都受到政治气候的影响,反之亦然。统治阶级和平民之间的互动有很多因素,这些因素都是建立在形势的动态基础上的。在此次分析中,美国代写论文将详细介绍韩中日三国之间的相互作用和影响。

现代国家有民主和他们自己的历史。理解模式以确定在系统中盛行的每种意识形态的性质是必要的。从一个简单的观点来看,戒严法是军事法的形式,而民事制度是国家在这个图式中存在的方式。了解存在于这个国家的政治制度,了解其动态是必要的。这些都是通过分析确定的主要因素。现代韩国分为朝鲜和韩国。韩、中、日三国似乎因种族不同而存在差异。这三国之间曾有过一段冲突时期。北方是高句丽,东南是新罗,西南是百济。公元668年,新罗击败并统一了朝鲜半岛的对手。朝鲜在高丽王朝(918-1392年)时已经达到了边界。在此基础上考虑了朝鲜王朝。他们巩固了国界。在朝鲜地区,方言和习俗之间存在着地域差异。这些是根据风俗和方言来区分的。总的来说,地域差异被文化的同质性所压倒。

在中国,也出现了韩国方言。韩国语与中国不同,结构上与日本文化相似。关于韩国和日本,语言学家之间存在着很多争论。许多顾客、艺术形式和宗教习俗都不同于中国或日本。此外,理学的改编和统治精英的哲学也源自中国。许多世纪以来,朝鲜都被认为是中国“朝贡制度”的一部分。这包括定期向中国朝廷赠送礼物,并承认中国高于朝鲜国王的事实。然而,这些国家在象征意义上依赖于中国。他们依赖中国的军事保护和政治合法化。实际上,韩国被认为是独立于内部行为的国家。在经历了16世纪末日本侵略的伏击和17世纪东北亚满族的侵略后,朝鲜被迫采取了以与其他国家有限接触为基础的政策。这是朝鲜王朝批准的主要对外接触。因此,每年都有三、四次对中国的外交使节。在这个时期,在韩国东南部有一个日本商人的小前哨。在这个时期,朝鲜王朝时期离开的朝鲜人很少。韩国被认为是西方的隐士王国。他们后来在那个时候为西方人所知。被视为19世纪下半叶的日本殖民时期成为中国帝国利益竞争的唯一对象。这些都促使各国考虑开放韩国的贸易和外交关系。它基本上是把日本最近向西方式的国际关系开放。这是自1876年以来,韩国首次强行实施外交条约。基本上,日本的投降为后来分裂的朝鲜创造了一个新的领域。

Modern day nations have democracy and their own history. It is imperative to understand modalities to determine the nature of each ideology which prevailed in systems. From a simplistic stand point, martial law is the form of military law and the civil system is how nations had existed in this schema. It is imperative to understand about political systems which existed in the state to understand the dynamics.These were main factors which were determined from this analysis. Modern Korea is divided into North and South Korea. The kingdoms of Korea, China and Japan were appearing to be differentiated based on the race. There was the period of conflict between these three kingdoms. These were known as Koguryo in north, Silla in southeast and Paekche in the southwest. Silla had defeated and unified rivals in Korean peninsula between 668 CE. Korea had reached boundaries during the Koryo Dynasty (918-1392). Based on this, the Choson dynasty was considered. They had consolidated national boundaries. Within the region of Korea, there were regional differences which were expressed between the dialect and the customs. These were differentiated based on customs and dialects. In general, regional differences were overweighed by the cultural homogeneity.

In China, there was the rise of regional dialects from Korea. Korean language is observed to be distinct from China and they are structurally similar to the Japan culture. There are a lot of debate which exists between linguists about Korea and Japan. Many of customers, art forms and religious practices were different from China or Japan. Besides, the adaptation of the Neo-Confucianism and the philosophy of the ruling elite were derived from China. For many of centuries, Korea was considered to be a part of the Chinese “tribute system”. This entailed giving regular gifts to Chinese court and also acknowledging the fact that China was superior to the Korean king. However, these were symbolically dependent on China. They were dependent on China for the military protection and the political legitimization. In practice, Korea was considered to be independent on the internal behavior. After the ambush of invasion by the Japanese towards the end of the 16th century and by the Manchus of Northeast Asia in 17th century, Korea was forced to have a policy which was based on the limited contact with other nations. This was a the main foreign contact which was sanctioned by the Choson Dynasty. Due to this, there was diplomatic missions for China for three or four times a year. In this time period, there was a small outpost of Japanese merchants in the southeastern part of Korea. In this time, there was a little population of Koreans who had left during the Choson Dynasty. Korea was considered to be the hermit kingdom for the west. They were later known for westerners at that time. The Japanese Colonial Period which was seen towards the latter half of the 19th century became the sole object for the competing imperial interests in China. These had caused countries to view for the open up of Korea for the trade and also the diplomatic relations. It basically took Japan to be recently opened towards the Western-style international relations. These were done to impose the diplomatic treaty for Korea for the first time since 1876. Basically, the surrendering of Japan created a newer realm for Korea which was split later on.

以上内容就是美国代写论文专家对韩中日三国之间的相互影响分析。如果同学们在撰写英语论文时需要更多的帮助,请随时在线咨询美国论文代写AdvancedThesis服务或发送电子邮件联系我们。美国论文代写帮助专家可以24×7全天候为您提供帮助,除此之外,还为留学生们同学们提供硕士论文代写、essay代写、report代写等论文服务,而且代写论文价格公平合理,保证论文原创,并使用权威的抄袭检测系统,让留学生们轻松应对硕士论文写作并创作出专属个人的优秀论文!

美国代写论文:奖励系统案例分析

美国代写论文:奖励系统案例分析。奖励系统可以激发员工通过其表现获得的积极结果。这种奖励与组织的目标相一致,员工通过实现组织目标的贡献来获得奖励。奖励系统作为一种工具,激励员工表现得更好,同时他们的工作技能也得到了发展。这样的系统通常是为了鼓励员工承担有挑战性的任务。奖励系统可以是外在奖励,也可以是本质上的内在奖励。前者包括给予员工的具体奖励,后者包括个人的个人满意度。接下来美国代写论文将为同学们奖励系统案例分析。

根据个人情况,Cheesy Pizza公司会有不同类别的绩效奖励,如薪酬、认可、津贴、福利和赞赏。芝士披萨公司将扩大成就,并在整个公司保持一致。给予员工奖励的主要目标是持续的绩效改进,从而实现公司的增长(Barkhuizen, 2014)。在实施奖励制度时,芝士披萨公司必须首先将员工的参与纳入其中;这不仅会给多元化的想法提供空间,而且还会让员工感到被赋予了这种制度。其次,奖励将与公司的目标相挂钩;对芝士披萨公司的战略目标有直接影响的行为和表现将得到奖励。奖励模糊的无形资产会导致有关偏袒的猜测(Salah, 2016)。第三,一致性和针对性很重要;个人和特定的目标将是奖励的标准,因此即使是低成就者也会因为实现了个人里程碑而获得一些奖励(Gil和Mataveli, 2016)。第四,将有一个单独的行为奖励类别;虽然销售和其他因素非常重要,但某些行为调整也会得到奖励,比如团队合作、守时等(Talley and Frazier, 2016)。第五,芝士披萨公司(Cheesy Pizza Company)在两个国家新开了10家分店,这将会有巨大的人力资源,因此会奖励团队。

一个表现良好的团队需要所有团队成员的投入,因此,当团队表现良好以促进合作时,整个团队都会得到奖励。奖励系统只有在设置得当的情况下才能成功(Kluvers and Tippet, 2014)。芝士披萨公司必须宣布奖励,宣布每个团队的目标,设定理想的基准,并在达到目标时庆祝,并以新的奖励重新开始,以保持员工的热情。他的目标是在组织内整合一个奖励系统,以一种公平、一致和公平的方式奖励员工,与这些个人在组织内的价值相关(Lardner, 2015)。

In accordance with the individual circumstances, Cheesy Pizza Company would have categories of performance rewards such as compensation, recognition, perks and benefits and appreciation. Cheesy Pizza Company would scale the accomplishments and these would be consistent across the company. The primary goal for giving rewards to the employees would be continued performance improvements and thus growth of the company (Barkhuizen, 2014). While implementing the rewards system, Cheesy Pizza Company would have to firstly incorporate employee involvement; this would not only give scope to diversified ideas, but also make the employees feel vested in the system. Secondly, the rewards would be tied to the goals of the company; behaviour and performance that has a direct impact on the strategic goals of Cheesy Pizza Company would be rewarded. Rewarding fuzzy intangibles would result in speculation pertaining to favouritism (Salah, 2016). Thirdly, consistency and being specific is important; individual and specific goals would be the criteria for a reward, thus even low achievers would receive some rewards for achieving a personal milestone (Gil and Mataveli, 2016). Fourthly, there would be a separate category for behavioural rewards; while sales and other factors would be of immense significance, certain behavioural adjustments would be rewarded as well like team collaboration, punctuality and so on (Talley and Frazier, 2016). Fifthly, Cheesy Pizza Company with ten new outlets in two nations would have huge manpower and hence would reward teams.

A team that performs well has inputs of all the team members, and hence, when it performs well in order to foster cooperation, the entire team would be rewarded. A reward system can be successful only when it is set up properly (Kluvers and Tippet, 2014). Cheesy Pizza Company would have to announce the reward, announce the goals for each team, set the desired benchmark, and celebrate when the goal is reached and start over with a new reward to keep up the enthusiasm among employees.he objective of incorporating a reward system within an organisation is to reward the employees in a manner that is equitable, consistent and fair in correlation with the values of such individuals within the organisation (Lardner, 2015).

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美国论文代写:流线现代建筑设计

美国论文代写:流线现代建筑设计。埃里希·门德尔松是流线现代运动之父。在他的作品中,可以看到水平方向、圆角边缘、角端窗等流线现代派的特点。其他值得注意的方面,如航海形式开始在建筑中被认可,如舷窗,有顶部或没有顶部的平屋顶。大多数景观设计倾向于创造一种混合的形式,使建筑形式和其他外部建筑融为一体。有趣的是,流线型现代建筑的特点是实现这种景观建筑的混合形式的理想方式。接下来美国论文代写将为同学们讲解下流线现代建筑设计。

景观设计师和建筑师马里奥·赫拉达(Mario Herrada)的作品被选为案例研究之一。她的作品展示了现代流线的原则是如何应用于满足社会和环境需求的。流线型现代车的主要特点是有圆润的边缘。边缘像装饰艺术一样时尚,建筑是功能性的。曲线或曲线和水平线通常在这幅作品中突出。

曲线边与运动保持一致。还观察了水平和一些垂直表示。流线型现代主义是一场运动,它导致了包括建筑形式和技术在内的组合和设计,例如灯具。在这个作品中,我们可以看到一种智能技术是如何被用于饮水机的,并将其作为设计的一部分。这项工作增加了这个地方的美感。这是一个商业和居住的地方,它这个喷泉将有助于帮助人们减压。因此,它具有功能性的作用。该技术已被用于创建弯曲和斜边短墙前的柱子。主楼的入口有多条曲线。同样的,屋顶结构被软化,在末端弯曲,好像没有尖锐的边缘。

流线型现代和航海现代经常重叠,在流线型现代中包含航海元素是常见的。加入航海风格会使它看起来就像在海边。类似的图案可以在Maria Herrada的流线型现代建筑中看到。使用的面板、开放的窗户、热带花园和薰衣草田等形式都表明了多年生和热带季节,因此是航海方面的。下面是另一个建筑的例子,是现代流线型的航海形式的例子(Dzegede, 2000)。

Mario Herrada, a landscape designer and architect’s work has been selected as one of the case studies. Her work shows how the principles of streamline moderne have been applied in compliance to meeting social, environmental needs. Key characteristics of streamline moderne are to have rounded edges. The edges are stylish like the art deco and the construction is functional. Curves or curving lines and horizontal lines are usually highlighted in this work.

The curved edges are observed in keeping in line with the movement. Horizontal and some vertical representations are also observed. Streamline Moderne was a movement that led to compositions and design including architectural forms and technology, such as the lamps for instance. In this work, one can see how a smart technique has been used for the water fountain and this has been incorporated as part of the design. The work adds to the aesthetics of the place. This is a business cum residential place and it this water fountain will be useful in helping people destress. Therefore, it has a functional role. The technique has been used to create the curved and bevelled edge short walls before the pillars. The entrance to the main building includes multiple curves. Similarly, the roof structure is softened and curves at the ends, as if there is no sharp edge.

Streamline moderne and nautical moderne often overlap, and it is common to include nautical elements in streamline moderne. Inclusion of nautical style will make it appear as if one is near the sea. Similar motifs can be seen in the streamline moderne constructions of Maria Herrada. The form of panels used, open windows, and tropical gardens and lavender fields and more are indicative of perennial and tropical seasons, and hence are nautical aspects. The below is an example of another architecture and is an example of the nautical form of streamlining moderne (Dzegede, 2000).

以上内容就是美国论文代写为同学们讲解的流线现代建筑设计。若要问美国论文代写哪家更专业正规?代写推荐选择美国论文代写AdvancedThesis服务,其服务公司可以24×7全天候为您提供帮助,除此之外,还为留学生们提供硕士论文代写、essay代写、report代写等论文服务,而且论文代写价格公平合理,保证论文原创,并使用权威的抄袭检测系统,让留学生们轻松应对硕士论文写作并创作出专属个人的优秀论文!

美国代写论文:慢性疼痛对青少年的影响

美国代写论文:慢性疼痛对青少年的影响。慢性疼痛极大地影响了青少年的情绪,限制了他们正常的身体、学术和社会活动。本文的目的是深入了解慢性疼痛对青年人口自身生活和经历的影响。本研究采用扎根理论和深度半结构化访谈的叙事分析。它为参与者提供了足够的时间来描述他们的经历。此外,通过分析他们的叙述,文章的主要目的是减少病人的痛苦。这篇文章的目的是表明不公正的感知与疼痛有关联,在患有慢性疼痛的儿童或青少年中也有相同的功能结果。接下来美国代写论文将为同学们讲解下慢性疼痛对青少年的影响。

法:选取53名年龄在10 – 18岁之间、有慢性疼痛报告的儿童,包括头痛、功能性神经-内脏疼痛障碍、慢性局部疼痛综合征和纤维肌痛。样本从大专院校儿科诊所招募。

研究发现:62%的孩子试图隐藏他们的痛苦,因为他们不想从同龄人和家庭成员那里获得同情。他们认为这可能会让他们不变得焦虑和抑郁。一些孩子对慢性疼痛感到无力,因为它无法治愈。大约53%的参与者感到孤立、污名化、误解和与学校其他孩子,尤其是同龄人和同学不同。由于慢性疼痛,参与者的身体活动受到限制,这导致他们产生负面情绪,如愤怒、悲伤、担心或焦虑和恐惧。此外,一些参与者担心疼痛会如何影响他们未来的计划和职业生涯。一些参与者表示,从他们的角度来看,医生缺乏理解和忽视。

所有以前的研究都调查了对疼痛的不公正感知对成年患者是至关重要的,也是一个可能的治疗重点。

方法:采用不公正体验问卷调查儿童不公正感知与慢性疼痛的关系。本研究采用定量研究、非实验设计和回顾性临床数据分析,因为本研究首次调查不公正的感知和青年人群慢性疼痛之间的关系。因此,该研究需要一个大的群体作为其样本,以确保结果可以一般化。本研究选取139名来自美国中西部三级护理跨学科儿科疼痛管理诊所的患者,年龄在8 – 18岁之间,患有与慢性疾病、损伤、运动活动或外科手术相关的慢性疼痛。

结果与发现:研究发现,更高水平的不公正感知与更高水平的疼痛强度、疼痛灾难化和功能障碍显著相关。这也与较差的情感、社交和学校功能有关。当孩子患有慢性疼痛时,他们的绝望感会被唤起,他们会有一种无力感。因此,与进行正常体育活动的儿童相比,患有慢性疼痛的青少年患抑郁症的风险更高。此外,所感受到的不公正绝对与社会和学校运作有关。慢性疼痛与经常缺课、学习成绩差以及可能导致社会排斥的同学关系差有关。此外,被认为不公平的拒绝可能会导致愤怒和反社会行为。这些反应可能会增加孩子的学业成绩和社会孤立。此外,感知到的不公正与功能残疾之间存在显著且独特的关联。

Methodology: Fifty-three children aged between ten to eighteen years and had reported chronic pain including headaches, functional neuro-visceralpain disorder, chronicregional pain syndrome, and fibromyalgia were selected. The sample was recruited form tertiary university-based pediatric clinic.

Findings: The study found that sixty-two percent of children tried to hide their pain, because they did not want to receive empathy from peers and family members. They thought it might keep them from becoming anxious and depressed. Some children felt powerless from chronic pain because it could not be cured. Approximately fifty-three percent of participants felt isolation, stigmatized, misunderstood and different from other children at school, especially peers and classmates. Because of chronic pain, participants physical activity was limited which caused them to develop the negative emotion such as anger, sadness, worry or anxiety, and fear. In addition, some participants worried about how pain will influence their future plans and careers. Several participants informed that there was lack of physician understanding and disregard from their perspective.

All previous studies investigated injustice perceptions about pain are essential in adult patients and a possible treatment focus.

Method: The study made use of an Injustice Experiences Questionnaire to investigate the relationship between injustice perceptions and chronic pain in children. This study used quantitative research andnon- experimental design and retrospective analysis of clinical data because this study is first to investigate association between injustice perceptions and chronic pain in youth population. Thus, the study required a large population group as its sample in order to ensure that the results could be generalized. This study selected 139 participants aged between eight to eighteen years with chronic pain related to chronic disease, injury, sports activity, or surgery in Midwestern tertiary care interdisciplinary pediatric pain management clinic.

Results and Findings: The study found that higher levels of perceived injustice were significantly related with higher levels of pain intensity, pain catastrophizing, and functional disability. This also had a relationship with poorer emotional, social, and school functioning. When children had chronic pain, their feelings of hopelessness aroused and they felt a sense of powerlessness. Thus, compared with children having normal physical activity, adolescents with chronic pain had high risk of getting depressed. Moreover, perceived injustice was absolutely associated to social and school functioning. Chronic pain was related to frequently missed school days, poor academic performance, and poor classmate relationship that may cause social ostracism. Moreover, rejection perceived as unjust could lead to anger and antisocial behaviour. These responses may increase poor academic achievement and social isolation of children. In addition, perceived injustice was significantly and inimitably associated with functional disability.

以上内容就是美国代写论文为同学们讲解的慢性疼痛对青少年的影响。如果同学们在撰写英语论文时需要更多的帮助,请随时在线咨询美国论文代写AdvancedThesis服务或发送电子邮件联系我们。美国论文代写帮助专家可以24×7全天候为您提供帮助,除此之外,还为留学生们同学们提供硕士毕业论文代写、essay代写、report代写等论文服务,而且论文代写价格公平合理,保证论文原创,并使用权威的抄袭检测系统,让留学生们轻松应对硕士论文写作并创作出专属个人的优秀论文!