First conflict is inter-state conflict, which occurs between two nation-states as a war between official military forces, while the other one is intra-state conflict. Intra-state conflict occurs between military, and militants or irregularly armed groups. These groups may include civilians containing small arms and light weapons for the cause of self-defence. Here disarmament becomes necessary to avoid violence and destruction as a result of conflict. Demobilisation refers to the condition of bringing off an armed force from ready to combat status. More precisely, it is the discharge of weapons and standing down of combatants when war is terminated. Demobilization can be applied to various situations including demobilization of individual combatant from a building or centre, or demobilization of combatant groups residing in camps or barracks (Colllier, 1994; Porch and Rusmussen, 2008). The process of demobilization of combatants is carried out to identify, register, count and bringing them to off-war state. Demobilization requires collection of identification cards or necessary documents in order to gather information about former combatants and devise ways to integrate them in society through a peaceful process (Carballo, 2000).
The process of demobilization of combatants includes their medical checkups and treatment, their maintenance and arrangement of transport to send them back to their home stations. Demobilization process is restricted within a time frame. It is carried out on defined premises with predefined planning. The basic task is to stand down armed elements and groups in the society in order to resolve a conflict and ensure non-violent society (Jensen, 2001).The target group for the process of demobilization may be carried out for armed military forces, militant groups or even civilians who have armed themselves with weapons either for self-defence or other purposes. Demobilization in military forces can be overall demobilization or demobilization of selected groups. Selection of group may focus on the handicapped elements, ill people or old combatants. Military demobilisation may be based on political scenario of the country. Following a political stance, authorities are ordered to demobilize certain elements among the armed forces. The process of demobilisation is similar to recruitment process in the way that in both processes selected members are unaware of the selection. The target for demobilization can be armed groups, or individual men, women or children who are regularly or irregularly equipped with arms weapons.