The modern society emphasizes more on becoming global. The development in technologies has been bridging the gap between people, states, nations and countries. Globalization has made the different nations one global society. The enhancing communication techniques, fast air transportation facilities, have supported in reducing the distance among countries. To maintain a strong international economy, the value of peaceful and cooperative relationships between the nations is becoming very important. This makes the presence of effective International Relations very crucial. International Relations are important to maintain peace within countries around the world, to gain economic development, provide dispute free immigration, etc[ Burchill, S. and Linklater, A. (2009) Theories of International Relations, fourth edition].
Treaties and agreements are a historical mode of developing International Relations between countries. International agreements have changed lifestyle of society and people by creating a peaceful life and opportunity to earn rather than getting involved in disputes with the neighbouring countries[ Millennium (2014) Special Issue: ‘The Standard of Civilization]. Therefore, International Relations avoid any situations of conflicts and disputes within nations.
2 Economic Growth
Having a healthy relation with the neighbouring country allows countries to trade with each other. Efficient trade policies framed between nations promotes companies in the two nations to not only import the goods and services that are not available in their country, but to also export those products and commodities to the foreign country that they cannot afford. This activity of international trade contributes in the economic growth of every nation. IR, thus, is responsible for determining the requirements and limitations of cross-border trade[ Buzan, B. and Lawson, G. (2013). ‘The Global Transformation’].
An effective IR not only encourages exchange of goods, but also provides the citizens of the nations to migrate between countries. The migration can be temporary or permanent but must comply by the rule of law. Migration is an opportunity for under developed nation’s citizens to enhance their lives by moving to a developing or developed nation[ Frank, A. G. (1966). ‘The Development of Underdevelopment].
Different nations have different cultures; IR allows the promotion of these different cultures. Nations can share their cultural traditions with foreign countries and accept theirs to build a culturally diverse environment around the world.