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论文代写-随机漫步理论

论文代写

随机漫步理论有两种截然不同的模式,在这两种模型中,数据或信息的快速合并对分析师和投资者都是不利的。来自公众的信息不会帮助分析师或投资者选择被低估的股票,因为市场已经将信息纳入了安全价格(Xu and Zhang, 2014)。

根据研究学者们的观点,主张随机漫步理论的人认为,这种理论是由具有相似分布的安全价格变化构成的。它还表明,安全价格变动并不相互依赖,这意味着它们是独立的。因此,不能利用以前的安全价格或市场趋势来预测其未来的走势(Zhang和Yang, 2016)。按照这个概念,安全价格是随机的,也是不可预测的。

论文代写

根据随机漫步理论的支持者们的说法,如果不承担额外的风险,就不可能超越或打破市场。有效市场假说认为,股票价格完全复制了完全可用的信息和预测;因此,实际价格是对公司内在价值的最好估计。这将阻止任何人以稳定的方式对错误定价的证券进行开发,因为价格的变动是随机的,并且会被意外事件所驱动(Dunham, 2013)。为此,研究这一课题的学者们主张投资于一个被动管理的多元基金。

论文代写

There are two distinct models of the random walk theory, and in both models, the rapid incorporation of the data or information is not beneficial to the analysts and investors. The information gathered from the public will not assist an analyst or investor in selecting undervalued stocks because the market has already incorporated the information into the security price (Xu and Zhang, 2014).
According to the research scholars, who advocates random walk theory addresses that the theory consists of security price alterations with having similar distribution. It also indicates that the security price alterations are not dependent to each other that mean they are independent. Therefore, the previous movement or trend of a security price or market cannot be utilized to forecast its future movement (Zhang and Yang, 2016). As per the concept, the security prices take a random as well as unpredictable way.

论文代写

According to the supporters of the random walk theory, it is not possible to outperform or break the market without assuming the extra risk. The efficient market hypothesis states that stock prices completely replicate the complete available information and prediction; thus, the actual prices are the best estimation of a firm’s intrinsic value. This would prevent anyone from the exploitation of the mispriced securities in a steady way, as the movements of prices are random and use to be driven by the unforeseen incidents (Dunham, 2013). For this reason, the research scholars who work on this topic advocate the investment in a passively managed well-diversified fund.

 

论文代写须知

论文代写须知

当= 0时,JSM和BSM得到安全系数。交叉点显示了M-PM或SM的安全系数。Janbu的广义方法接近于交点。广义极限平衡过程的优点是在相同的图中对安全系数进行比较。在此过程中可采用复合材料和圆形SS的稳定性分析。变量间切力函数描述了在随后的迭代后,夹层力的倾斜度。广义极限平衡考虑剪切力和夹层力,同时满足力和力矩的平衡,允许对夹层力函数进行选择,并描述了最先进和常用极限平衡方法的比较。

OM是用手算的。JSMsand BS已经广泛应用于稳定性分析。这种方法很常见,因为在大多数情况下,可以用适当的准确性来估计安全系数。该方法在满足力矩和力平衡方面有一定的局限性。采用BSM对圆剪切面进行分析。JSM在检查非圆形表面的安全系数时是灵活的。在故障面和不规则斜坡上均可有效地处理JGM的优点。切片的力矩平衡显示了接近安全系数的力平衡的解。

论文代写须知

BSM显示了比JSM更高的安全性因素,并且在安全系数的5%以内从严格的方法获得。相对于Morgenstern-Price和Spencer方法计算的结果,安全系数可以相差15%。从力矩平衡中可以看出,力平衡的安全系数对f(x)更敏感。安全系数对f(x)段敏感。在锚点或点荷载的情况下,安全的力矩平衡系数已相当大的转移到安全系数较低的地方。从力矩平衡的角度考虑安全系数在外力的应用中被认为是比较敏感的。由于锚力或点荷载作用,夹层剪切力增加。降低了正常基力,降低了抗剪强度。

论文代写须知

When λ= 0, the factor of safety is obtained for JSM and BSM. The intersection point shows the factor of safety for M-PM or SM. The Janbu’s generalized method is close to the intersection point. The generalized limit equilibrium processes have the advantage to make comparisons of a factor of safety in the same diagram. The stability analysis for composite and circular SS can be used in the procedure. The variable interslice force function describes the inclination of interslice forces after the subsequent iterations. The generalized limit equilibrium considers both shear and interslice forces, satisfies both force and moment equilibriums, allows selection for the interslice force function and depicts the comparison of most advanced and common limit equilibrium methods.
The OM is calculated by hand. JSMsand BS have used widely for the stability analysis. The methods are common because in most cases, a factor of safety can be estimated with the adequate accuracy.The methods have some limitations in the satisfying moment and force equilibrium. The BSM is used for the analysis of circular shear surface. The JSM is flexible in examining the factor of safety for the non-circular surfaces. The advantage of JGM can be handled effectively at both failure surfaces and irregular slopes. The moment equilibrium for the slices shows the solution for the force equilibrium which is close to the factor of safety.

论文代写须知

The BSM shows a higher factor of safety than JSM and declines within 5% of the factor of safety obtained from rigorous methods. The factor of safety can differ by 15% in comparison to the results calculated by Morgenstern-Price and Spencer methods. The factor of safety from force equilibrium can be seen more sensitive to the f(x) from moment equilibrium. The factor of safety is sensitive to the section of f(x).In the case of the anchors or point loads, the moment equilibrium factor of safety has considerable shifting towards the lower factor of safety. The factor of safety from the moment equilibrium is considered as more sensitive in the application of the external forces. The interslice shear forces increase due to the anchor forces or point loads. It can decrease the normal base force, and the shear strength is decreased.

代写论文-行为金融学

代写论文 行为金融学

根据文献,市场的过度和反应是基于投资者的心理原因。这一反应被发现是投资者保守主义的结果。这是基于事实,因为投资者对先前信息的反应与目前的信息不同,因为他们认为股票将会像以前一样发挥作用。

代写论文 行为金融学

研究发现,代表性偏差是行为金融学中导致过度反应的基本人类行为之一。这是作为投资者在最近的信息相信相同的业绩将会继续在未来和过高估计安全,并与失望导致的平衡。这种公开的、受人的反应,导致股市泡沫的出现、增长和破灭。

代写论文 行为金融学

According to the literature, the over and under reaction of the market is based on the psychological reasons of investors. The under reaction is found to be the result of conservatism from the investors. This is based on fact as the reaction of the investors on previous information is different than the present information as they believe the stock will function as it performed previously.

代写论文 行为金融学

It is found that the representatives bias is one of the essential human behaviours as per the behavioural finance that results in overreaction. This is performed as the investor with recent information believes the same performance will continue in future and overestimates the security and meets with the disappointment resulted by the equilibrium. This overt and under reaction, results in the stock market bubble to emerge, grow and burst.

论文代写-互联网泡沫

论文代写 互联网泡沫

由于航空、汽车比和电网的出现以及电子商务和互联网的出现,这一泡沫是基于对新技术发展的猜测。互联网泡沫的本质是建立在更大的傻瓜理论基础之上的,因为大多数人都希望在不调查股票和只依赖价格的情况下,高估的价格会继续上涨。最近股市泡沫的另一个例子是2008年的股市崩盘。

论文代写 互联网泡沫

金融理论: 根据有效市场假说,市场是理性的,股票价格反映了可用的信息。安全的价格随后根据新的信息而变化。然而,行为金融学指出,这个有效的市场并不能解释市场上出现的各种异常现象。行为金融学认为,市场异常是在平稳的股票市场格局中出现的异常现象和异常现象。

有效市场假说认为市场的范式与大量的理性个体利润最大化常常彼此积极竞争,试图预测未来市场价值的各种证券,和这一理论表明,基本信息是免费提供给投资者。

论文代写 互联网泡沫

This bubble was based on the speculation of the new technological development due to the emergence of aviation, automobiles ratio and electrical power grids and the emergence of e-commerce and internet. The nature of the dot-com bubble is based on the greater fool theory as the majority of the people invested in the hopes that the overvalued prices will continue to rise without investigating the shares and relying only on the prices. Another recent example of such stock market bubble is the Stock market crash of 2008.

论文代写 互联网泡沫

Financial theory: As per the efficient market hypothesis, the markets are rational in nature and the stock prices reflect the information that is available. The prices of the security subsequently changes as per the new information present. However, the behavioural finance suggests that this efficient market does not explain the various anomalies observed in the market. It is suggested by behavioural finance that the anomalies of market are abnormality and unusual occurrence within the smooth stock market pattern.
The paradigm of efficient market hypothesis suggested that market with large numbers of rational individual for profit maximization often competes actively with one another and attempts to predict the future market values of the various securities, and this theory suggest that the essential information is freely available to the investors.

美国代写论文:人力资源开发

美国代写论文:人力资源开发

与酒店业人力资源开发有关的一个重要问题是聘请长期雇员。如果以合适的方式开发员工,则可以保留更长的时间。要适应组织文化中的员工,就要面对挑战,因为他们应该知道事情应该如何完成。这主要通过建立对公司有利的强大的外部和内部关系来完成(Timo&Davidson,2005)。这证实了他们对员工的满意感,因为这有助于组织的个人发展。在招待行业内的一些雇主被视为进行离职面谈。然而,不幸的是,当进行退出面试时,采取明确行动并挽救组织的员工为时已为时过晚。因此,在揭露组织中主要不满的人面临的主要困难。

美国代写论文:人力资源开发
随着全球劳动力市场的升温以及发现新的就业机会,保留有价值的员工已经开始成为一个非常关键的挑战(Bauer,2004)。在没有优秀员工的情况下,酒店业的任何组织都无法有效地为客人服务,因此创造利润变得非常困难。尽管招待业的许多高管都强调招聘和留任,但为了保留组织中的人力资源,士气是众所周知的重大问题。低水平的士气导致对服务标准产生重大影响,可能导致组织在酒店行业的声誉和善意,并最终导致业务受到侵蚀。各企业对企业士气低落的原因可能会有很多不同,一些顶级违规者被称为缺乏培训,技能,员工,压力以及有限的奖励(Bauer,2004)。

美国代写论文:人力资源开发

One significant issue with respect to development of HR in hospitality industry is to engage the long tenured employees. Employees can be retained for a longer duration if they are developed in an appropriate manner. Challenge is faced in acclimating the employees in the culture of the organization as they should know how things are supposed to be done. This is mostly done by the establishment of strong external and internal relationships that are beneficial for the company (Timo & Davidson, 2005). This confirms their sense of satisfaction amongst the employees as this helps in the personal development of the organization. A number of employers within the industry of hospitality are seen conducting exit interviews. However, it is unfortunate that when exit interviews are conducted, it is mostly too late for taking definitive action and saving the employee for the organization. Thus, the main difficulty is faced in uncovering the main dissatisfied people in the organization.

美国代写论文:人力资源开发
With the heating up of labour market all across the globe, and the discovery of new job opportunities, retention of valuable employees has started to become an extremely crucial challenge (Bauer, 2004). In the absence of good employees, any organization in the hospitality industry will fail in serving the guests in an effective manner, and thus, generation of profits become extremely difficult. While a number of executives across the industry of hospitality lay emphasis over recruitment and retention, in order to retain human resource in the organization, morale is known to be a major issue. Low level of morale results in having a major impact over the standards of service that can result in tarnishing the reputation and goodwill of the organization in hospitality industry and eventually results in eroding the business. There can be a number of variations in the reasons behind low morale as per business to business, a number of top offenders are known to lack training, skills, staff members, stress as well as limited rewards (Bauer, 2004).

美国代写论文:不公平交易

美国代写论文:不公平交易

不合情理的交易可以被描述为不合情理地使用优越的地位损害另一方遭受残疾或者当该方处于不利的地位时。因此,这种交易是在某种情况或条件下发生时,一方与另一方相比处于特殊劣势,而另一方则处于不公平或不合理的优势。在这方面需要建立几个要素。特殊的残疾不仅仅是不平等,而且涉及到判断力受损。同样,利用涉及残疾知识,程序性或实质性的不合情理。另一方应该因不合情理的行为而签订合同。
高盛法院在Blomley诉Ryan案中做出的判决确定了“不合情理”的概念,并且由于高等法院对“澳大利亚商业银行诉Amadio案”的判决而得到加强。因此,根据一般原则,由于某种条件或情况,一方当事人处于特殊劣势,另一方已经采取不公平或不合理的优势时,由于这种特殊的不利条件而产生的机会,在这种情况下案件中,由于不合情理的行为,交易可以由法院撤销。

美国代写论文:不公平交易
本案的事实与澳大利亚商业银行v Amadio的事实相似。在这种情况下,70多岁的意大利夫妇也被儿子和银行经理要求为他们的儿子执行担保。然而,银行经理有充分的理由相信,儿子对他的业务的偿付能力向他的父母撒谎,他也知道父母的经历很少,他们在理解英语方面存在问题。

美国代写论文:不公平交易

An unconscionable dealing can be described as the unconscientiously using superior position to the detriment of the other party suffering from a disability or when the party is in anexceptional position of disadvantage. Therefore, such dealing takes place when as a result of some circumstance or condition, one party has been placed at a special disadvantage as compared to the other party and the other party takes an unfair or unconscientious advantage. There are several elements that need to be established in this regard. The special disability is not a mere inequality but it involves impaired judgment. Similarly, taking advantage involves the knowledge of disability, procedural or substantive unconscionability. The other party should have entered into the contract as a result of the unconscionable conduct.
The notion of “unconscionability” was firmly established by the decision of the High Court given in Blomley v Ryan and it was strengthened by the decision of the High Court given in the case titled ‘Commercial Bank of Australia Ltd v Amadio’. Therefore, according to the general principle, when, asa result of some condition or circumstances, one party is under a special disadvantage and an unfair or unconscientious advantage has been takenby the other party, of the opportunity created by such special disadvantage, in such a case, the transaction can be set aside by the court due to unconscionable conduct.

美国代写论文:不公平交易
The facts of the present case are similar to the facts of Commercial bank of Australia v Amadio. In this case also, an Italian couple in their 70s was asked by their son and bank manager to execute a guarantee for their son. However the bank manager had strong reasons to believe that the son had lied to his parents regarding the solvency of his business and he also knew that the parents had very little business experience and they had problems in understanding English language.

美国代写论文:薪酬方案

美国代写论文:薪酬方案

从所讨论的案例和情景的角度来看,应该指出的是,在场景中可能被强调为恢复工具的双方之间没有任何适当的关于更新薪酬方案的书面合同;因此,在所讨论的情况下,也可以如图所示的例子那样,不能给予任何保证来补偿对卢克的任何类型的恢复。
应该指出的是,在违反合同存在的情况下,合同补救措施是可执行的。违反合同违反了合同的约束力,因此,任何违约都会导致惩罚,并且只有在处罚时才有约束力。这种失败可能是由于完全违背了义务,或者是延迟与时间相比,或者是表现不佳。

美国代写论文:薪酬方案
在所讨论的情况中,卢克似乎不能执行新的管理,也不会改变对新薪酬方案的决定,因为卢克和管理层之间没有任何书面合同。对这起案件的研究也强调信息隐私是必不可少的,因为如果这些信息不能泄露,卢克就不会决定或计划采取法律行动;然而,如果卢克坚持要采取法律措施,没有书面合同,他的努力就不合理。原则上,义务是自发进行的。然而,债务人错误地认为它没有运行,或者运行不好,它的义务。违规这一术语实际上意味着许多不遵守后果的行为取决于拟议的行动,因为丰田着名的“加速案例”要求这家汽车巨头向其利益相关者赔偿11亿美元(产品责任 – 产品责任改革,nd )。

美国代写论文:薪酬方案

In the perspective of discussed case and scenario, it should be noted that there is no any proper written contract about the updated salary package between the parties that could be highlighted as a recovery tool in the scenario; hence, in the discussed scenario that could also be taken as illustrated example there cannot be given any guarantee to compensate any type of recovery to the Luke.
It should be noted that contract remedies are executable in those scenarios where the breach of contract exists. The breach of contract is a breach of the binding force of contract, therefore, any breach will result in a penalty, and there may be binding effective only if there is a penalty. Such failure may result from a complete breach of an obligation, either a delay compared to the time or so it may be a poorly done performance.

美国代写论文:薪酬方案
in the discussed scenario, Luke does not seems in the position to enforce the new management, not to change its decision about the new salary package because there was no any written contract between the Luke and the management. The study of this case also highlighted that informational privacy is essential because if this information could not leaked, Luke would have not decide or plan to take legal action; however, if Luke insists to take the legal steps so, without written contract his effort will not be justified. In principle, the obligations are performed spontaneously. However, it happens that the debtor be wrong that it is not running, or it runs badly, its obligations. The term breach actually means many forms of non-compliance with the consequences vary depending on the proposed action as Toyota Famous “acceleration Case” that oblige this auto giant to compensate 1.1 billion US dollar to its stakeholders (Product liability – product liability reform, n.d).

美国代写论文:广播公司

美国代写论文:广播公司

本文的重点是“工作中的性别年龄歧视和组织惯例:电视广播中的日子分离案例”。由于年龄歧视和性别歧视问题日益严重,大多数组织甚至是最突出的组织都面临着这个问题,因此这一主题一直受到关注。这篇文章的作者是Simona Spedale等人(2014年)。这篇文章特别被选中是因为它通过调查广播公司中的日程安排参与构建一种只采用青年意识形态而对组织内采取的不平等措施作出贡献的意识形态的方式来促进对性别工作场所年龄化的研究Gorman等2007)。批判话语分析是研究人员用于将就业法庭案件最终判决应用于此的一种方法,其中英国公共服务广播公司面临基于年龄甚至性别的歧视指责。

美国代写论文:广播公司
注意力还集中在日间划分上,该日程划分是根据每周与根据人口统计数据,地理数据和基于收入的标准定义的特定目标受众相关的段的工作来确定的电视节目日常工作。文章进一步利用了BBC节目的案例研究,即“Countryfile”。英国广播公司对这个节目所做的决定是改变它的时间,并改变主持人的时间,把它改变到黄金时段。该节目的主持人决定改变节目,而不是以不同的方式在节目内容和节目方面呈现节目。按照舒曼(Schuman,1995)的日子划分是一个涉及行业合法规范的制度化实践。在密切关注这个领域的时候,清楚分明意识形态的基本性质是什么。

美国代写论文:广播公司

The focus of this paper is on the subject “Gendered Ageism and Organizational routines at work: The case of Day-Parting in Television Broadcasting”. This subject has been focused upon because of the increased extent of ageism and sexism based issues that most organizations even the most prominent ones face today. The authors of this article are Simona Spedale et al (2014). The article has specifically being selected because it contributed to the research of gendered workplace ageism through investigation on the way in which day-parting routines in broadcasting firms take part in constructing an ideology of only adopting the youthfulness ideology contributing towards unequal measures adopted within organization (Gorman et al 2007). Critical discourse analysis is a method which researchers have used for applying the same to the Employment Tribunal court case final judgment where the British broadcaster of public services faces discrimination accusations based on age and even gender.

美国代写论文:广播公司
Attention further is focused on day-parting which is an established television programming routine working in accordance to the segments in each week related to specific targeted audiences defined conventionally depending upon demographic data, geographic data and criteria based on income. The article further has made use of a case study on a BBC program namely, “Countryfile”. The decision that BBC took regarding this program that is to change its time and switch it to a prime time with change in presenter as well. Instead of presenting the show in a different manner in terms of its contents and in term of its presentation, the presenter of the show was decided to be changed. Day-parting according to Schuman (1995) is an institutionalized practice that involves legitimate norms of the industry. When closely advocating this domain, it becomes clear what the fundamental nature of ideology within day-parting is.

美国代写论文:客户需求

美国代写论文:客户需求

营销组合
营销组合出租车被认为是关于公司营销策略的规划,并且首先由Neil Borden提到。基于这个话题的各种理论,例如四p的理论即首先是产品,然后是产品的价格,产品的推广以及产品的销售或购买的地点(McCarthy,Jerome E,1964) 。但是在服务部门这个理论已经被修改,并且增加了三个关注产品的点,有一些不同的理论强调了客户的需求,在这些理论中有c代替了p,因为它说明营销组合中的重要元素是商品的消费者,商品的可用成本,沟通以及购买者的便利。因此,根据不同的理论,营销组合有不同的元素,而且它们是多样化的,但非常重要。

美国代写论文:客户需求

公司使用的各种元素
产品的分配
只准备好的产品对于公司是不够的,找到一个购买和销售商品的地方非常重要,分销渠道应该设计得恰到好处,这样顾客就不难获得商品(Bernard H.; Bitner,Mary Jo,1981),商店应该位于人们可以轻易到达的地方,连锁零售店已经使商业非常成功,因为商店位于澳大利亚各地的黄金地段,因为它们有不同的地方特许经营权。
客户的需求
货物的设计应满足顾客的需求,因此顾客的偏好在现代时代的促销策略中起着至关重要的作用,因为早期的人们必须通过使用产品来调整自己但在现代这一代产品是根据消费者的偏好进行调整的。

美国代写论文:客户需求

Marketing mix
Marketing mix cab be said to be the planning regarding the marketing strategies of a company and it was firstly mentioned by Neil Borden. There have been various theories based on this topic such as the theory of four p’s i.e. firstly the product then the price of the product, the promotion of the product and the place for the sale or purchase of product (McCarthy, Jerome E, 1964). But in the service sector this theory has been modified and three other points have been added which concentrate on the product, there are certain different theories which stress on the customer needs more and in these theories there are c’s in place of p’s as it states that the important elements in a marketing mix are the consumers of the goods the cost at which the goods are available, the communication and finally the convenience of the buyers. Thus there are different elements of a marketing mix as per different theories and they are diversified yet very important.

美国代写论文:客户需求

Various elements used by the company
Distribution of the product
Just preparing good products is not enough for the company it is very important to find a place for the purchase and sale of the goods, the distribution channel should be properly designed so that it is not difficult for the customers to get the goods in the marker (Bernard H.; Bitner, Mary Jo,1981), the stores should be in a place where people can easily reach, the chain retail stores have made the business very successful as the stores are based in prime locations throughout Australia as there are different franchises.
Needs of the customers
The goods should be designed in such a way that it satisfies the needs of the customers and thus the preference of the customers plays a vital role in the promotional strategies in the modern era, as earlier people had to adjust themselves with the use of a product but in the modern generation the products are adjusted as per the preference of the consumers.

美国代写论文:权力和影响

美国代写论文:权力和影响
拥有权力并使用它是两件完全不同的事情。有六种权力来源包括奖励,合法,强制,信息,专家和指称。奖励权力是经理给予卓越表现奖励的能力,合法权力是来自个人角色或职位的权力,强制权力是惩罚某人主要因恐惧而作出反对行为的权力,并强迫人们做他们愿意做的事情通常不倾向于,专家力量来自技能和知识,信息能力通过获取信息不同于专家力量,参考能力往往与一个人的魅力和他们在团队成员中获得的灵感相关联,以便像他们那样行事。

美国代写论文:权力和影响
将能力转化为影响力的能力非常重要,可以通过采用三种基本策略来实现:互惠,惩罚和理性。互惠基础是在双方利益得到满足的情况下相互作用的基础上进行的,报复是基于领导者说服能力的基础上,以惩罚,报复和理性的恐惧为出发点。每种策略都有其优点和缺点,因此应适用于各种情况。
在教练席尔瓦的情况下,他拥有成功引导球队取得胜利所需的所有权力。他必须关心的是他的权力转化为影响力。团队中的退伍军人不再受到他的决定的影响,这一点必须改变。三种策略中的任何一种都可以用来成功地扭转团队的前景。

美国代写论文:权力和影响

Having power and using it are two very different things. There are six sources of power identified which include reward, legitimate, coercive, information, expert and referent. Reward power is the ability of a manager to grant rewards for superior performances, legitimate power is the power from one’s role or position, coercive power is the power to punish someone for contrasting actions working primarily due to fear and forcing people to do things they would ordinarily prefer not to, expert power comes from skill and knowledge, information power differs from expert power by access to information, referent power is often associated with a person’s charisma and the inspiration they draw within their team members to act like them.

美国代写论文:权力和影响
The ability to convert the power one possesses into influence is very important and is achieved by employing three basic strategies: Reciprocity, Retribution and Reason. Reciprocity works on a mutual basis where the interests of both the parties gets satisfied, retribution works with the fear of punishment or retribution and reason works on the basis of a leader’s ability to persuade. Each strategy has advantages and disadvantages and hence should be applied appropriately to situations.
In case of coach Silva, he is in possession of all the powers required to successfully guide his team in to victory. What he has to take care of is the conversion of his power into influence. The veterans in the team are no longer influenced by his decisions and this has to change. Any of the three strategies can be employed for successfully turning around the team’s prospect.